Foreword on Esther

The festival of "lots" (Purim) is not something to look forward to for the nations of the Gentiles, but it is for Israel.  The dream which Mordecai had, as well the event which came subsequent to that dream, are a token to the great day of judgment, even as it states; "a day of darkness and obscurity," and "the whole nation troubled, ready to perish."  For that is about to come to pass when many Gentiles shall assembly themselves against Israel to defile her, but that whole great multitude will become as if they never even existed, the Lord destroying them without a trace. 

For the small fountain that grew as an overflowing flood is their Lord Jesus Christ, as also the Sun rising on them.  This event as well as the dream, is a foreshadowing of the day of judgment.  When therefore you see many nations assembled against the righteous of God, look up, for then the time has arrived.  The Gentiles (kings) thought to wipe out the righteous in terming their "obedience" as  "disobedience," not realizing that with the same he spoke his own destruction for, that all who are disobedient be destroyed without mercy or pity.  So then it was written - so let it be done.  And the rulers of this age can take example on the ruler of that former age, who at least gives good definition and reason for his judgments, not like current rulers who neither know what they do, nor give their subjects a justified explanation.

The rest of the chapters of the book of



       Then Mordecai said; God has done these things for I recall a dream I saw concerning these matters, and nothing was missing there-in.  A small fountain became a river, and there was a light, and the sun, and much water. 

This river then is Esther, whom the king married and took as his queen, and the two dragons are Haman and myself, and the nations were those that were assembled to destroy the name of the Jews, and my nation Israel cried to God and was saved.  For the Lord saved His people, delivering us fully from those evils with signs and wonders which were not done among the gentiles. 

Therefore has He made two lots, one for the people of God and the other for the Gentiles, and these two lots came at the hour at the time and day of judgment before God, and He remembered His people and justified His inheritance.  These days therefore shall be in the month of Adar, the 14th and the 15th of that month with an assembly and much joy and with gladness before God according to the generations forever among His people.


      Chapter 11

1.     In the fourth year of the reign of Ptolemy, Cleopatra, and Dositheus, who said he was a priest and Levite, and Ptolemy his son, brought a letter of Purim, which they say was the same which Lysimachus, the son of Ptolemy, who was in Jerusalem, had interpreted.

2.  In the second year of the reign of Artaxerxes the great, on the first day of the month of Nissan (MK) Mordecai the son of Jairus, son of Semei, son of Casai of the tribe of Benjamin, had a dream.

3.  He was a Jew living in the city of Susa, a great man being a servant at the kings court, he was one of the captives which Nebuchadnezzar had carried from Jerusalem, and this was his dream;

      The dream

4.  There was a noise of a tumult with thunder and earthquakes and uproar in the land, and two great dragons came forth ready to fight, and their cry was great, and at their cry all nations were prepared to battle to fight against the righteous people.

5.  And lo, there was a day of darkness and obscurity, of tribulation and of anguish and affliction and great uproar on the earth came, and the whole righteous nation was troubled fearing their destruction, about to perish.

6.  And they cried to God, and upon their cry a small fountain became a great flood of water, and the light of the sun rose up, while the lowly were raised to devour the glorious. 

7.  Mordecai then awakening, after having seen this dream, which God determined to do, he pondered it in his mind attempting to understand its meaning. 


     Chapter 12

1.  This Mordecai now took his rest in the court with Gabatha and Tharra, two eunuchs of the king, keepers of the palace.

2.  And he over-heard their device that they intended to lay their hands on king Artaxerxes, and so he informed the king of this device.

3.  And the king examining the two eunuchs, they confessed.  And were strangled, and a record was made of these things, and also Mordecai wrote thereof.

4.  And the king commanded Mordecai to serve in the court, and rewarded him.  There was however a Agagite, named Haman son of Amasdathus, who was in great honor with the king who sought to molest Mordecai and his people because of the two eunuchs which were killed on account of Mordecai informing the king. 


     Chapter 13

1.  The copy of the letter now was this; The great king Artaxerxes to the princes and governors that are under him from India to Ethiopia in a 127 provinces.

2.  Although I am a mighty king and have dominion of the whole world, I have not exalted myself because of my authority, but I have conducted myself with equity and mildness.  I purposed to keep my kingdom peaceable, which is the desire of everyone, and to open passages to the utmost coast so everyone may perform their trades.

3.  So I asked my counselors how this may be brought about, and Haman, my wise lovable and trustworthy counselor, who has the honor of being second in the kingdom, declared to us that there is a nation scattered among the nations of the world whose laws are contrary to all nations, and they continually despise the commandments of the king opposing the unity and peace of our kingdom.

4.  And thus when it became known to us that this one people set themselves against the whole world keeping their own institutions, and being disobedient to our institutions wherein they cause us much harm and upset the peace and harmony of our kingdom,

5.  Therefore we commanded that all that are pointed out by Haman shall with their wives and children be destroyed by the sword of their enemies without any mercy or pity on the 14th day of the 12th month Adar of this year.

6.  So that all that from old till now have been disobedient may be destroyed in one day, that continual peace may remain in our kingdom.

7.  Then Mordecai prayed to the Lord and recounted His wondrous deeds saying; "O Lord Thou the Almighty King, the whole world is in Thy power, there not being anyone who can withstand Thee if Thou wilt save Israel.

8.  Thou did create heaven and earth, and all that is wondrous under heaven, Thou art the Lord of all and no-one can oppose Thee, and knowing everything Thou has seen that it was not out of pride nor with contempt that I refused to bow down to that proud Haman.

9.  For I was ready for the good and salvation of Israel to kiss the soles of his feet, but I did this in Thy fear that I would not give the glory which belongs to Thee unto a man, neither will I worship anyone but Thee O Lord.

10.  And now O Lord King and God of Abraham, spare Thy people for our enemies desire to destroy us Thy inheritance, which Thou has had from the beginning.

11.  Despise not the portion which Thou delivered out of Egypt, hear my prayer and be merciful to Thy people, change our sorrow into joy so that we may live and praise Thy name O Lord, destroy not O lord the mouths that praise Thee."

12.  And all Israel cried in like manner with all their might, for they were in perils of death.


      Chapter 14

1.  And queen Esther also turned to the Lord in this peril, she put off her royal apparel putting on garments of anguish and mourning, and instead of precious ointments she covered her head with ashes, and humbled her body with fasting.  And at all places where she had been joyful she pulled out her hair.

2.  And she prayed to the Lord God of Israel saying; "O my Lord Thou art King, help me desolate woman who has no helper except Thee, and my need is before me.

3.  From my youth I have heard in the tribe of my family that Thou Lord took Israel from among all people, and our fathers from of old for a perpetual inheritance, and Thou has performed what Thou did promise them.

4.  And now, we have sinned before Thee, therefore has Thou given us into the hands of our enemies, for we have worshipped their gods, and Thou O Lord art righteous.

5.  But they are not satisfied that they have us in bitter captivity but have struck their hands with their idols so they may abolish that which Thou has ordained, to destroy Thy heritage and to stop the mouths of them that praise Thee.

6.  To quench the glory of Thy house and of Thy altar, to open the mouths of the heathen to praise the might of idols, to call a perishable thing by an eternal name.

7.  O Lord give not Thy scepter to them that are nothing, and let them not laugh at our fall, but turn their devices on themselves, and mark him who begun against us.

8.  Make Thyself known in times of our affliction O Lord, and give me boldness O King of nations, and Lord of all power.

9.  Teach me how I must speak before the lion, to turn his heart so that he will be angry at our enemy, so that he comes to his end for his own devices, and deliver us, and Thy handmaid who has no other helper.

10.  Thou know that I do not glory in the honor that I have with the unrighteous, and I abhor this strange and heathen marriage.

11.  Thou know O Lord that it is of necessity, and that I count not this sign of high estate that bear on my head when I have to show myself, and I regard it as filthy rags, and not wear it when I am by myself.

12.  And that Thy handmaid has not eaten from Hamanís table, nor that I had joy on the royal table, nor have I drunk from the wine of the drink offerings.

13.  Thy handmaid has never had joy since the day she was brought here, except in Thee O Lord God of Abraham.

14.  Hear the voice of the desolate O Lord might above all, deliver us out of the hands of the ungodly, and me out of my anguish."


     Chapter 15 

1.  And on the third day she put off her daily clothes and put on the royal garment, and she was very beautiful calling upon the Lord the Savior who sees all things.

2.  And she took two maidservants with her, and leaning on one to bear herself daintily while the other bore her train, and her face was very beautiful and lovely and joyful, but her heart was full of fear and anguish.

3.  And having gone through all the doors she entered and stood before the king who sat on his royal throne clothed with his robe of majesty glittering with gold and precious stones, he therefore was dreadful to look upon.

4.  When he then raised his eyes and looked on her, the queen became pale and sunk down in faint bowing her head on her maidservant.

5.  Then the Lord changed the heart of the king into mildness and he became concerned for her, and leaping from his throne he caught her in his arms so that she became herself again.

6.  And he spoke friendly to her saying; "What is it Esther, I am your brother, be of good cheer, this commandment concerns all others, not you, you shall not die."  (For it was law that whoever comes before the king uninvited shall die).

7.  Thus he held up the golden scepter touching her shoulder, and he kissed her and said; speak to me.  Then she said; "When I saw you it was as if I saw an angel of God, and my heart was troubled for your great majesty.

8.  For you are very wonderful and your countenance full of glory."  And when she spoke that way, she again fainted and fell down, then the king was troubled, and his servants also, and they comforted her.


      Chapter 16

     The kings letter.

1.  The great king Artaxerxes to the princes and governors of the 127 provinces from India to Ethiopia, and to all faithful subjects, greetings.

2.  We have found that there are many who misuse the grace of their princes and have become mischievous through the honor bestowed on them so that they not only oppress the subjects, but also to tread under foot those who raised them to such high office.

3.  And they not only strife without gratitude against natural requirement but are so blinded in their pride that they think that God who sees all the just, would not punish such unfaithfulness.

4.  And they deceive good princes in that they shed innocent blood and bring into perils such as faithfully serve them.

5.  Their examples are not only found in the old records, but day by day it is found how much pain and sorrow these faithless counselors procure.

6.  Since now it becomes us to look on these things so that for the future there may be peace in our kingdom we must by circumstances sometimes change the commandments when we find that it is different than that it was reported to us, and not proceed hastily.

7.  Haman then, the son of Hamadatha, a Macedonian, not of the blood of Persians, and distant from our goodness, having been received by us as a guest, who as we concur to all nations obtained our favor, and whom we raised to call him our father, and whom was honored by all as next to the king.

8.  This one has become so proud that he went about to deprive us of our life and kingdom, for he has by cunning and deceit sought the destruction of Mordecai, who by his faithfulness and goodness saved our lives, as well as the blameless Esther who is a partaker of our kingdom, and her whole nation as well, these he falsely accused.

9.  He though that when those who guard us would be absent, to murder us and bring the kingdom of the Persians to the Macedonians.

10.  But we have found out that the Jews, which the reckless wretch wished to kill, were not guilty, and that they have excellent laws being children of the Highest the greatest and eternal God, who gave our forefathers and this very kingdom, and who maintains it to this day.

11.  Therefore, you shall not act according to the letter which Haman has made up, for because of that deed him and his whole family has been hanged in the gate of Susa, for thus the Lord God has speedily rewarded him according as he deserved.

12.  But this command, which we now sent to you, you shall declare in every city that the Jews may freely keep their laws.  And that if anyone wishes to do harm to them on the 14th day of the 12th month Adar, you then shall protect them that they may avenge themselves upon such.

13.  For the Almighty God has turned into joy that day wherein the chosen people would have perished.  Among all your other feast days therefore you shall keep this day now, and hereafter, with joy, so it may be well with us, and everyone who is faithful to the Persians.

14.  And the nation or the city that will not keep this command shall be destroyed with fire and sword so that neither men nor beast nor bird shall ever be able to live therein.