BARNABAS

The general epistle of

       Chapter 1                          TO INDEX

       Preface.

1.   All happiness to you my sons and daughters in the name of our Lord Christ who loved us in peace.

2.   Having perceived the abundance of knowledge of the great and excellent laws of God to be within you I rejoice greatly in your blessed and admirable souls, for you received the grace, which was granted in you worthily.

3.   For this cause I am full of joy trusting in your salvation, since I truly behold the Spirit infused in you from the pure fountain of God.

4.   This persuasion I have of you, and am indeed convinced that ever since I began to speak to you I never saw a greater ordinary success in the way of the law in you, which is Christ.

5.   For this reason my brothers I know also that I love you more than my own soul.  And it is also herein that the greatness of love and faith dwells as well as the hope of that life which is to come.

6.   In this knowledge I take care to communicate to you part of what I have received knowing that it shall turn to my reward in having served such good souls.  Wherefore I take this diligence in these few words to write to you that along with your faith knowledge may be perfected in you.

7.   The Lord ordained three things, the hope of life, and the beginning and the completion thereof.  For by His prophets He declared to us the things that are past and He opened the beginning of those that are to come.

8.   It therefore, just as He said, becomes us to become ever more holy and closer to the altar, wherefore I, not as a teacher but as one of you will endeavor to bring before you a few things on account of which in many ways you may be more joyful.

 

       Chapter 2

       Urging to inquire.

1.    Since now the days are exceedingly evil, and the adversary has the power of this present world, we ought to pay more diligence to inquire into the righteous judgments of the Lord.

2.   Fear and patience then are assistants to our faith, and our fellow combatants are; long suffering, and endurance.

3.   As long as these remain pure in what relates to the Lord, then wisdom, understanding, science, and knowledge rejoices together with them.

4.        For God has made it clear to us through all His prophets, that He has no use for our sacrifices or burnt offerings or oblations, saying;

5.   "To what purpose are the multitude of your sacrifices to Me?  I am full of burnt offerings of rams, and the fat of beasts, I delight not in the blood of bulls or of goats.

6.   When you appear before Me, who has asked this of your hands?  No more shall you tread down My courts, bring no more vain oblations, and your incense is an abomination to Me.

7.   Your new moons, your sabbaths, and your calling of assemblies I cannot stand them, away with them, for even your solemn assemblies are iniquity, My soul hates your new moons and your appointed feasts."

8.   God therefore has abolished these things that a new law of our Lord Jesus Christ, which is without such necessity, might have the Spiritual offering of men themselves.

9.   For again so spoke the Lord afore-time; "Did I at any time command your fathers when they came out of Egypt, concerning burnt offerings or sacrifices?

10.  But this I commanded them saying; Let none of you imagine evil in his heart against his neighbor, and love no false oath."

11.  And since we are not without understanding we ought to apprehend the design of our merciful Father speaking to us in such ways, the sacrifices being our errors, that we should find how to approach Him.

12.  It was therefore that He said to us; "The sacrifice of God is a broken and contrite heart, for this God will not despise".

13.  We therefore brothers ought to inquire more diligently after those things which pertain to our salvation, that the adversary may not have any advantage over us, depriving us of our spiritual life.

14.  For again He spoke to them concerning this saying.  "You shall not fast like you do this day, to make your voice heard on high.

15.  Shall this be a fast that I should have chosen, for you to burden your soul, to bow your head like a bull, and to spread ashes with sackcloth?  Will you call that a fast or an acceptable day to the Lord?"

16.  No!  But rather on this wise He spoke;  "Is not this the fast that I have chosen, to undo the bonds of wickedness, and to take away the heavy burdens, to let the oppressed go free, and that you should break every yoke."

17.  It is to share your bread with the hungry, and to bring in the poor which were cast out of your house, and when you see the naked - to cover him, and that you do not hide yourself from your own flesh.

18.  For then your light shall break forth as the morning, and your health shall come quickly, and righteousness shall go before you, and the glory of the Lord shall be your reward.

19.  Then when you call - the Lord shall answer, you shall cry, and He shall say; Here am I, - if you remove from you the yoke, the pointing with the finger, and the speaking of vanity, and if your soul yearns to the hungry, and you satisfy the afflicted soul."

20.  In this did God manifest His foreknowledge and the love He had for us, since those, which He had purchased for His beloved Son, they were to believe in sincerity.

21.  For this same reason then was it that He showed this to all of us so that we should not run as converts to the Jewish law.

 

      Chapter  3

      To search truth and hate evil.

1.   Wherefore also is it necessary to diligently search into the things that are near to come, and that in writing this to you - it may serve to keep you whole.

2.  And to that very end - let us flee from all evil works, hating the errors of the present time, and instead rejoice in that which is to come.

3.   Let us not take to ourselves the liberty to dispute with the wicked and with sinners, lest in time we become like them.

4.   For it is written.  "The end of sin is near at hand."  And the prophet Daniel said.  "To this end the Lord shortened the days and the times so that His beloved might come into their inheritance that much the sooner".

5.   For the prophet spoke; "Ten kings shall reign, and a little one at the last who shall humble three kings."

6.   And Daniel again concerning the kingdoms says "And I saw a fourth beast dreadful, and terrible, exceedingly strong, and it had ten horns, and as I beheld the horns - from among them came another little horn before which three were plucked-up by the roots."

7.   We then should understand this also, and I entreat you as one of your own brothers who loves you beyond even my own life, that you look to yourselves, and not be like those that add sin to sin, who say; that their covenant is also ours.

8.   The covenant with Moses was, that if a man keeps the law perfect he shall live by "his" righteousness, since then no man except Christ Jesus was able to do so, the new covenant is; to live by the righteousness of Christ Jesus.  This is ours indeed, since they forever lost that which Moses received.

9.   For again say the scriptures.  "And Moses continued fasting forty days and nights in the mountain receiving the covenant of the Lord, the two tablets of stone written by the finger of God".

10.  But turning themselves to idols - they lost it, and the Lord said to Moses; "Go down quickly for your people whom you brought out of Egypt have corrupted themselves turning aside from what I commanded them".

11.  And Moses threw the two tablets out of his hands - breaking their covenant; this was so that the love of Jesus might be sealed in your hearts to the hope of His faith.

12.  Let us therefore pay heed in these last times, for all your previous life and your faith will profit you nothing unless you continue (endure) to hate what is evil, and continue to withstand future temptations.  For so the Son of God tells us.  "Let us resist all inequity, and hate it."

13.  Consider then what works are of evil, and do not abstain from others as if you were already justified, but coming together in one place ''inquire'' in what is acceptable and profitable for the sons of God.

14.  For the scripture says.  "Woe to them that are wise in their own eyes and prudent in their own sight".

15.  Let us become a spiritual temple perfect to God, and with as much as there is - let us meditate on the fear of God.  And strive to the utmost of our power to keep His commandments so that we may rejoice in His righteous judgments.

16.  For God will judge the world without respect of persons, wherein thus everyone shall receive according to his works.

17.  If a man were good his righteousness will go before him, and if he were wicked the reward of his wickedness will follow him.

18.  Take heed lest now that we are called, that in sitting still - we fall asleep in our sins, and the wicked one getting dominion over us stirs us to shut us out of the kingdom of God.

19.  And consider this also, that although great signs and wonders were done among the Jews, still the Lord forsook them.

20.  Be aware therefore lest the same will happen to us, even as it is  written; "Many are called, but few are chosen

 

      Chapter 4

      The Lord willingly offered Himself.

1.   It was for this reason that our Lord offered to give His body to destruction that through the forgiveness of our sins we might be sanctified in His blood.

2.   In the things written concerning Him then, some is to the people of the Jews, and some to us.  For thus said the scriptures; "He was wounded for our transgressions, He was bruised for our iniquities, and by His blood we were healed, He was led as a Lamb to the slaughter, and as a sheep before his shearers is dumb, so He opened not His mouth."

3.   We ought therefore to give all the more thanks to God in that He declared to us both that which is passed, nor leaving us without understanding of things to come.

4.   For to them, the Jews of the physical law, He said; "The nets are not unjustly spread for the birds.”  This He spoke because man will perish justly in as much as he, who has knowledge of the way of truth, if he nonetheless does not depart from the way of darkness.

5.   And for this the Lord was contend to suffer for our souls, even though He was Lord of the whole earth to whom God before the very beginning of the world said; "Let us make man after our own image and likeness."

6.   And just "how" He suffered for us, and how this was at the hand of man, I will show you.

7.   For the prophet having received from Him the gift of prophecy, He spoke of Himself that He would abolish death, making known to us the resurrection of the dead.  And it pleased him to come in the flesh, even as it was required, to make good on the promise, which He had previously given to our fathers.

8.   And thus preparing Himself a new people, that while He was on earth, He might demonstrate to them that after the resurrection He would judge the world.

9.   He then preached to the people of Israel, and performed many wonders and signs among them, to show them the exceedingly great love, which He bore towards them.

10.  And when He chose His apostles, who afterwards were to publish His gospel, He might plainly show that He came not to call the righteous - but sinners to repentance.

11.  And He clearly manifested Himself in the Son, for if He had not come in the flesh, how would men have been able to look upon Him to the end to be saved?

12.  For again, we cannot even behold the rays of the sun for any duration, which is only the works of His hands that afterwards is to perish, how less therefore can we behold the light of God as God.

13.  To this end He came in the flesh, that He might fill-up the measure of the iniquity of them that persecuted His prophets to death, for that reason also He did suffer.

14.  For of the stripes of the flesh God said - that they were from them, and, I will smite the Shepherd, and the sheep of the flock shall be scattered.

15.  Thus He suffered - because it became Him to suffer on the cross, and so spoke one prophecy concerning Him; Spare My soul from the sword.  Again, "Pierce My flesh from Thy fear".

16.  And again, "The congregation of the workers of iniquity rose up against Me.  And; "I gave My back to the smiters, and My face I set hard as a rock".

 

      Chapter 5

      The Lord in power. 

1.   And having fulfilled the command of God, what was it that he said?  "Who will contend with Me?  Let him stand-up to Me!"  Or; "Who is he that will implore Me?  Let him draw near to the Servant of the Lord."

2.   Woe to you, for you shall wax old like a garment, as when the moth eats you up.

3.   And again the prophet adds; "He is placed as a stone for stumbling, for behold, in Zion I place, for a foundation, a stone, a choice Cornerstone, an honorable stone."  For what follows?  "And he that hopes in Him shall live forever."

4.   What then do we say?  Shall our hope be built on a stone?  God forbid it was because God had hardened His flesh against suffering that He said; "I have made Myself as a firm rock."

5.   And again the prophet ads, "The stone which the builders rejected become the head of the corner".  And again, "This is the great and wonderful day which the Lord has made."

6.   I now am writing these things more plainly to you so that you may understand, for indeed I would be content even to die for your sakes.

7.   And what again did the prophet say?  "The counsel of the wicked surrounded Me, they came around Me as bees around the honeycomb, and My robe they cast lot."

8.   For as much then as our Savior was to appear in the flesh and suffer, His passion was hereby foretold.

9.   For again the prophet said of Israel; "Woe be to their soul for they took wicked counsel against themselves in saying; let us lay snares for the righteous, for he is of no profit to us."

10.  And Moses in like manner said; "Behold, thus says the Lord God; Enter into the good land of which the Lord swore to Abraham Isaac and Jacob, that He would give it to them for a possession, a land flowing with and honey."

11.  The spiritual meaning of this then is like saying - Put your trust in Jesus who shall be manifested to you in the flesh, for the land, as the ground, is man, for even so Adam was formed of the earth.

12.  And what shall it mean where He said;  "Into a land flowing with milk and honey?  Yea indeed blessed be our Lord who has given us wisdom and a heart to understand His secrets.

13.  For so spoke the prophet, "Who shall understand the hard sayings of the Lord?  Only he that is wise and intelligent, that loves his Lord!"

14.  Seeing therefore He has renewed us by the remission of our sins He put another heart into us that we should have souls like that of children, forming us anew by the Spirit.

15.  For so the scriptures speak concerning us - where the Father spoke to the Son; Let us make man after our likeness and image, and let them have dominion over the beasts of the earth, and over the fowls of the air, and the fish of the sea.

16.  And when the Lord beheld the man He had formed, he saw that it was very good, and He said; Increase multiply, and replenish the earth.  This, He spoke thus to His Son.

17.  And now I will show you how we are made new creatures in the ending days, for the Lord said; "Behold, I will make the last as the first.

18.  And likewise the prophet spoke, "Enter into the land flowing with milk and honey, and have dominion over it".

19.  Therefore you see how we are again formed anew.  For He again spoke by another prophet of those whom He foresaw.  Behold the Lord says; "I will take their heart of stone from them, and put into them hearts of flesh (for He was about to be manifested in the flesh, and to dwell in us. 

20.  For the habitation of our hearts my brothers is a holy temple to the Lord, for the Lord again said; "In what shall I appear before the Lord my God - and be glorified?"

21.  For thus He answers, "I will confess Thee in the congregation, in the midst of my brothers, and I will sing to Thee in the church of the saints.  Therefore it are "we" whom He has brought into that good land.

22.  But now what shall the milk and honey signify?  For as the child is nourished with milk, then with honey, so are we kept alive in the faith of the promise, and by His word we shall live and have dominion over the land, just as He foretold saying; To increase, multiply, and have dominion over the fishes etc.

23.  But who now is able to have dominion over the wild beasts or fishes, or birds?  For as you know, to rule is to have power in order that a man may be set over what he rules.

24.  But for as much as we do not have that now - He lets us know "when" we shall have it, namely; when we have become perfected, made the inheritors of the covenant of the Lord.

 

       Chapter 6 

      The Lord's offering foreshadowed.

1.   Understand then my beloved children that the good God manifested all things to us in previous times so that we might come to know to whom we ought always to give thanks and praise.

2.   If therefore the Son of God, who is Lord of all and will judge both the living and the dead, has suffered so that by His stripes we might live.  Then let us believe that the Son of God could not have suffered but except for us, for thus being crucified, they gave Him vinegar and gall to drink.

3.   Hear then how the priest of the temple foreshadowed this.  For the Lord commanded that he who did not fast the appointed fast - that he should die, since He also was one day to offer-up His body, but for "our" sins, and so it was fulfilled what was like Isaac, him being offered on the altar.

4.   And what was it then He said by the prophet?  "Let them eat of the goat (which was being offered) in the day of the fast - for all our sins."

5.   And hear well, for He said; "And all the priests - they only shall eat the inwards not washed with vinegar".

6.   And why was this so?  Because I know that hereafter I shall offer My flesh for the sins of a new people, and you will give Me to drink vinegar mixed with gall, therefore the people were to eat it while fasting and lamenting in sackcloth and ashes.

7.   And so that He might foreshadow that He was to suffer for them, this is how He appointed it; Take two goats that are alike, and offer them, and let the high priest take one of them for a burnt-offering, and of the other He said; Let it be accursed.

8.   Consider then how well this shows to have been a type of Jesus, for He said; "And let all the congregation spit upon it and prick it, and place wool on its head, and so let it be carried into the wilderness."

9.   And this being done, he that was appointed to lead the goat into the wilderness was to take away the scarlet wool and place it on a thorn-bush whose small fruit we are wont to eat, and that fruit is sweet.

10.  To what end thus was all this ceremony?  Consider how one was offered the altar while the other was accursed, and why that which was accursed was crowned.

11.  It was so that in that day they would see Christ having a scarlet garment on His body, and they will say; "Is not this He whom we crucified, whom we despised, pierced, and mocked?  Certainly is He who of Himself said that He was the Son of God".

12.  And since then He will be like as He was on earth, so the Jews were to take two goats fair and alike so that when they shall see Him coming hereafter - that they may be amazed at the likeness of the goats.

13.  And what shall it signify that the wool was to be placed on the thorns?  This also is a figure of Jesus and of the church, for just as one must go through much difficulty in removing the scarlet wool from the thorns, they being sharp and all.

14.  "So they, says Christ, that will behold Me and come to My kingdom must pass through many afflictions and troubles to attain unto Me." 

 

       Chapter 7 

      The figure of the heifer.

1.   And what do you suppose it may have been where it was commanded to the people of Israel, that grown persons in whose sins were come to fullness, that they should offer a heifer - and to burn it after it had been killed?

2.   After which young lads were to take the ashes, and placing them in a vessel to tie a piece of scarlet wool on a stick with hyssop, and so the young men would sprinkle everyone of the people, and they would be clean of their sins.

3.   Thus consider how all these things were fore-shadowed to us.  For this heifer is Christ Jesus, and the wicked men that were to offer it were those sinners that put Him to death, who afterwards had nothing to do with it anymore, these sinners had no more the honor of handling it.

4.   But the young men that performed the sprinkling, signify those who preach to us the forgiveness of sins and the purification of heart, these are the ones to whom the Lord gave authority to preach His gospel.

5.   At the beginning then they were twelve, to signify the twelve tribes of Israel, yet there were only three young men appointed to sprinkle, and why was that?  This denotes Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob, for they were great before God.

6.   And why was the wool put upon the stick?  Because the kingdom of Jesus was founded on the cross, and that they who hereafter would put their trust in Him - might live forever.

7.   And why were the wool and hyssop put together?  To signify that in the entrance into the kingdom of Christ there would be evil and hard days, in which however we would be saved, which is as the hyssop that cures the filth of the disease of the flesh.

8.   These things thus as they were done provide us indeed with evidence, but to the Jews they are obscure, because they would not listen to the voice of the Lord.

 

      Chapter 8

      Of circumcision.

1.   For again the scriptures speaks concerning our ears that God has circumcised them together with our hearts.

2.   For thus spoke the Lord by the holy prophets; "In the hearing of the ear they obeyed Me."  And again, "They that were afar off heard and understood the things that I have done".  And again, "Circumcise your hearts, says the Lord".

3.   And again; "Hear O Israel, for thus says the Lord your God; Who is there that desires to live forever?  Let the same listen to the voice of My Son."

4.   And again, "Hear O heaven, and give ear O earth, for the Lord has spoken these things for a testimony".  And again, "Hear the word of the Lord you princes of the people".  And; "Hear O children the voice of one crying in the wilderness."

5.   Therefore did He circumcise our ears - that we should hear His word, and believe, but as for that circumcision in which the Jews trust, is abolished.

6.   For the circumcision of which God spoke was not of the flesh since they transgressed His commands, the evil one having deceived them.  And God spoke thus to them; "Thus says the Lord your God; sow not among thorns, but circumcise yourselves to the Lord your God".

7.   And what does He mean speaking in this way?  It is to listen to your Lord.  For again He said, "Circumcise the hardness of your heart, and harden not your neck".

8.   And again, "Behold, all the nations are uncircumcised, but this people are un-circumcised in heart".

9.   But now you will say; but the Jews were circumcised for a sign.  But so all the Syrians, and the Arabians, and all the idolous priests, but shall they therefore be of the covenant of Israel?  For even the Egyptians circumcised themselves.

10.  Understand these thing thus more fully my children, for Abraham was first to bring in circumcision - in spirit looking forward to Jesus.

11.  For in this he received the mystery of the three letters, for the scripture says; that Abraham circumcised 318 men of his house.  What then may be the mystery herein?

12.  Mark first the 18, and next the 300, for the numerical letters of 10 and 8 are I, and H, which denote Jesus.

13.  And because the cross was that by which we were to find grace, He adds the 300, the mark of which is T, the two letters thus signify Jesus with the third as His cross.

14.  And He who grafted within me His doctrine, knows that I never taught to anyone a more certain truth, but I trust that you are worthy of it.

 

      Chapter 9

      The law - spiritual.

1.   And now why was it that Moses said you shall not eat of the swine, nor of the eagle or the hawk, nor the crow or any fish that has no scales on it?

2.   The answer is that in the spiritual sense He comprehended three doctrines to be gathered from them aside of what He says to them in the book of Deuteronomy.

3.   For He says, "And I will give My statutes to this people".  Wherefore it was not God's command that they should not eat these things, but Moses spoke rather as to the spirit.

4.   For in forbidding the swine it means; you shall not join yourself to such persons as are like the swine, they that live in pleasure forgetting their God.

5.   For when they are hungry, they know not the Lord, just as the swine who when he is full knows not his master, but when hungry he makes noise, and being fed, he again is silent.

6.   Neither then shall you eat the eagle nor the hawk or the kite or the crow, which means.  You shall not keep company with such men who know not with their labors and sweat to obtain food for themselves, who instead injure and ravish the things of others, who watch how to lay snares, meanwhile appearing as if they live in perfect innocence.

7.   For these birds do not labor for their food, but sitting they watch how they may eat the flesh of others, or what others provide, they being destructive in their wickedness.

8.    Nor shall you eat the lamprey, so He says, or the polypus, or cuttle fish, meaning.  You shall not be like such men, nor to speak like these, for they are altogether wicked and born to death.  For so these fishes are accursed wallowing in the mud, nor do they swim as other fishes, but they tumble in the dirt at the bottom of the deep.

9.   And He added the hare not to eat, for this signifies; you shall not be an adulterer, nor be like such persons, for the hare multiplies every year its conceptions, and that for as long as he lives so much he multiplies to himself.

10.  Nor shall you eat of the Hyena, which again is not to be an adulterer, nor to be a corrupter of others, not to be like such, for each year this creature changes its kind, sometimes male, and sometimes female.

11.  For which cause also the weasel is hated, to signify that we should not be like such persons that with their mouth commit wickedness, nor to join with impure women in uncleanliness, for that animal conceives with its mouth.

12.  Moses therefore speaking in regards to meats did indeed deliver three great precepts to them in the spiritual significance of these commands, but they, according to the desires of the flesh, understood him as if he had only meant it of meats.

13.  David therefore having rightly understood the knowledge of this threefold command said; “Blessed is the man who has not walked in the counsel of the ungodly."  Which then is like the fishes we spoke of at the bottom of the sea.

14.  And he continued to say "Nor who stand in the way of sinners."  Which then are these who appear to fear God, yet who sin like the swine.

15.  And David again, "Nor that sits in the seat of the scorners".  Which then is as the birds that sit and watch what they may devour.

16.  Here thus you have the law perfectly as it concerns meats, and the true knowledge thereof. 

17.  For Moses saying; You shall eat what divides the hoofs, and that chew the cud, signifies one, who having taken his food, recalls Him who has fed him, and resting in Him, rejoicing in Him.

18.  Moses thus spoke very well with respect to the commandments.  For what he really said was that we should hold firm to such as fear the Lord, and with such as meditate on the commands of the word which they received in their hearts, and with those that declare the righteous judgments of God, and that keep His commandments.

19.  In short, we keep with those who know that to meditate is a work of for which also they trained themselves in the word of God.

20.  And why might it be to eat that which cloves the hoofs?  It is because the righteous although living in this world - have their expectations set on another.

21.  So you see my brothers how very admirable Moses made all these things.  And to know and understand all this is because we understand correctly.

22.  And we speak the commandments of the Lord, as "He" will, for He circumcised ears and our hearts, to the end that we might know these things.

 

       Chapter  10

       Baptism.

1.   And now let us inquire if the Lord took care to manifest anything beforehand concerning water and the cross.

2.   For of the first people of Israel it is written how they did not receive that baptism that brings forgiveness of sins, but they instituted to themselves another, which could not.

3.   For thus spoke the prophet; "Be astonished O heaven, and let the earth tremble at it, for this people have done two great wicked things; they left Me - the fountain of living water, and; they dug for themselves broken vessels that cannot hold water."

4.   And again the Lord said' "Is My holy mountain, My Zion a wilderness?  For you shall be as a young bird when its nest is taken away.

5.   And again; I will go before you, and level the mountains, and break the gates of brass, and snap asunder the bars of iron, and give to you the hidden treasures, so they may know that I am the Lord God."

6.   And again, "He shall dwell in the high den of the strong rock."  And the same prophet follows to say "His water is faithful, you shall see the King glory, and your soul shall learn the fear of the Lord".

7.   And by another prophet; "He that does these things shall be like a tree planted by the rivers of water, which shall give its fruit in due season, its leaves shall not wither, and whatsoever he does shall prosper."

8.   But as for the wicked, it shall not be so with him, but they shall be as the dust scattered by the winds from the face of the earth.

9.   Wherefore the ungodly shall not stand in the judgment, nor sinners in the counsel of the righteous, for the Lord knows the way of the righteous, while the way of the ungodly shall perish.

10.  Consider then how He has joined both the cross and the water, for so He said; "Blessed are they who put their trust in the cross and descend into the water, for in due time they shall have their reward which I will give them."

11.  And as for the present time, He says; "Their leaves shall not fall."  Meaning, that every word going forth from their mouth shall in faith and love be to the conversion and the hope of many.

12.  And in like manner another prophet spoke; "And the land of Jacob was the praise of all the earth".  Whereby thus He magnified the vessel of His Spirit.

13.  Then follows; "And there was a river running on the right hand with beautiful trees growing by it, and he that eat of them shall live forever."

14.  Which then signifies, is that we go down into the water full of sin and pollution but coming up again we bring forth fruit, having in our heart the fear and hope which is in Jesus by the Spirit.  For whosoever shall eat of them, shall live forever, which means; that whosoever shall listen to those that call them, and believe shall live forever.

 

       Chapter 11

       Moses foreshadowed the Lord.

1.   In like manner He determined concerning the cross, for in answer to that question the Lord said; "When the tree that has fallen shall rise again, and when blood shall fall from the tree".

2.   Here thus you have mention made of both the cross and of Him that was to be crucified on it.

3.   And further He spoke by Moses; the Holy Spirit putting it in Moses to represent both the sign of the cross and of Him that was to suffer in such way that if they did not believe in Him they would be overcome forever.

4.   For Moses stored up armor upon armor in the middle of a tumultuous ground, standing high above all of them stretching forth his arms and so Israel conquered.

5.   But as soon as he would let his arms down - they were slain again.  And why was this?  This was to the end that they might know that unless they trust in Him - they couldn't be saved.

6.   And by another prophet He said, "I have stretched out My hands all the day long to a disobedient people who speak against my righteous ways."

7.   And again Moses makes a type of Jesus showing that He was to die, in Him whom they thought to be dead - to give life to others, in the similitude of those that fell in Israel.

8.   For God caused all sorts of serpents to bite them, and they died, for since the transgression of Eve began in a serpent, that thus wise He might convince them that they were to be delivered to the pains of death for their transgressions.

9.   Moses then, who himself had commanded them saying; you shall not make any image or molten image to be your god, yet now he himself did so in order that he might represent to them the figure of the Lord Jesus.

10.  For he made a brazen serpent and set it on high, and by a proclamation calling the people together, they entreated Moses that he would make atonement for them, praying that they might be healed.

11.  And Moses spoke to them saying, "When anyone of you is bitten, let him come to the serpent that is set on the pole, and let him assuredly trust that though he be dead, yet He is able to give life, and immediately he will be healed".  And they did so.

12.  See therefore how in this also you have the glory of Jesus, and that all things are in Him and to Him.

13.  And again what was it that Moses said to Jesus the son of Nun?  For he gave that name to him as a prophet that all the people might hear him only, for the Father manifested all things concerning His Son Jesus, to Jesus the son of Nun.

14.  He gave him that name when he was sent to spy out the land of Canaan, and he said, "Take a book in your hand, and write what the Lord says".

15.  And so Jesus the Son of God shall in the last day's cut-off the house of Am'alek by the roots, as was manifested in the Jesus, son of Nun.

16.  And because it might afterwards be said that Christ was the son of David, therefore David well knowing and fearing the errors of the wicked, said; "The Lord said to my Lord, sit yourself at My right hand till I make your enemies your footstool

17.  And Isaiah also spoke on thus wise; "The Lord said to Christ my Lord; I have taken His right hand that the nations should obey Him, and I will break the strength of kings.

18.  Thus we behold how both David and Isaiah call Him Lord, and Son of God.

 

       Chapter 12

       The inheritors of the promise.

1.   But let us go yet further and inquire whether this people be heir, or of the former be, and if the covenant be with us, or with them.

2.   First, the scripture says this for the people; "Isaac prayed for his wife Rebecca because she was barren, and she conceived."

3.   Afterwards Rebecca inquired of the Lord, and the Lord said to her; "There are two nations in your womb, two people shall come forth from your body, and one shall have power over the other, the greater shall serve the lesser.

4.   Understand here then who Isaac was, and who Rebecca was, and of whom it was foretold that one shall be greater than the other.

5.   And in another prophecy Jacob speaks more clearly to his son Joseph saying, "Behold the Lord has not deprived me of seeing your face, bring me your sons that I may bless them."

6.   And he brought to his father Manasseh and Ephraim, expecting that he would bless Manasseh since he was the elder.

7.   Therefore did Joseph bring him to the right hand of his father, but Jacob by the Spirit foresaw the figure of the people that was to come.

8.   And so what does the scripture say?  "Jacob crossed his arms putting his right hand on Ephraim, the second and younger son, and blessed him.

9.   And Joseph said to Jacob, put your right hand on the head of Manasseh, for he is my first-born son.

10.  And Jacob said to Joseph; I know it my son, I know it, but the greater shall serve the lesser, yet he also shall be blessed.  So you see whom he appointed that they should be the first people and heirs of the covenant."

11.  And if we take this yet further to Abraham we come to understand it perfectly, for did not the scriptures say of Abraham that he believed and it was reckoned to him for righteousness?  And; Behold, I have made you a father of the nations who without circumcision believe in the Lord.

12.  And so let us inquire if God has fulfilled the covenant, which he swore to our fathers to perform to this people, for yes indeed He gave it, but they were not worthy to receive it because of their sins.

13.  For so spoke the prophet; "And Moses continued fasting in mount Sinai to receive the covenant of the Lord, he with the people for forty days and nights.

14.  And he received the two tablets of the Lord written by the finger of the Lord's hand in the Spirit, and Moses having received them brought hem down that he might deliver them to the people.

15.  And the Lord said to Moses; Moses, Moses, get yourself down quickly, for the people which you brought out of the land of Egypt have done wickedly."

16.  And Moses understood that they had again set-up a molten image, and he cast the two stone tablets out of his hands, and the tables of the covenant were broken, Moses thus received them but they were not worthy.

17.  Now then understand "how" we received them, for Moses being a servant, took them, but the Lord "Himself" gave them to us so we might be the people of His inheritance having suffered for us.

18.  He therefore was manifested to them that they might fill up their measure of sin, and that we, being made heirs by Him, should receive the covenant of the Lord Jesus.

19.  And again the prophet said; "Behold, I have set you for a light to the Gentiles to be a lamp to the ends of the earth, says the Lord who redeemed you."

20.  To this very end He was prepared that by His appearance He might redeem our hearts from darkness, that is to those who were delivered and held in death, and thus establish a new covenant with us by His word.

21.  For so it is written, that the Father commanded Him to prepare to Himself a holy people by delivering us from darkness.

22.  Therefore the prophet said; "I the Lord your God has called you in righteousness, and I will take you by the hand, and will strengthen you, and I will give you for a covenant to the people, for a light to the Gentiles.

23.  To open the eyes of the blind, to bring forth the prisoners from prison, and those that are in darkness from out of the dark prison."

24.  Consider thus from whence we are redeemed, for again the prophet said.  "The Spirit of the Lord is upon Me for He has anointed Me, He has sent me to preach glad tidings to the lowly, to heal the broken in heart, to preach remission to captives, and sight to the blind.

25.  To proclaim the acceptable year of the Lord, and the day of restitution, to comfort all that mourn."

 

       Chapter 13

      The Sabbath and the temple.

1.   Furthermore, in the Ten Commandments, which God gave to Moses at mount Sinai face to face, it is written; "Sanctify the Sabbath of the Lord with pure hands and a clean heart." 

2.   And elsewhere He says; "If your children shall keep My Sabbaths, then I will have mercy on them."

3.   And even in the beginning of creation He makes mention of the Sabbath, for God made the works of His hands in six days and finished them on the seventh day, and rested on the seventh day, and sanctified it.

4.   So consider my children what this signified.  He finished them in six, the meaning of which is that in 6000 years the Lord will bring all things to an end.

5.   For with Him one day is a 1000 years, as He himself testifies saying; Behold, this day shall be as a thousand years."  Therefore my children, six days, that is in six thousand years all things shall be accomplished.

6.   And He said; "that He rested on the seventh day," which means; that when His Son shall come, and abolish the season of the wicked one, and judge the ungodly, and changing the sun and the moon and the stars, then He shall rest gloriously in that seventh day.

7.   Lastly He adds; "You shall sanctify it with clean hands and a pure heart."  We therefore are greatly deceived to imagine that we can sanctify that day which God made holy if we do not have a pure heart in all things.

8.   But then He will truly sanctify it with blessed rest, when at that time we will be able to sanctify it, we ourselves first being made holy.

9.   And also He said to them; "Your new moons and sabbaths, I cannot bear them.  Thus consider what this means, namely; that the sabbath which you now keep are not acceptable to Me, but rather those which I have made when resting from all things, then shall begin the eight day, which is the beginning of the other world.

10.  And for this cause we observe the eight-day with gladness, in which Jesus rose from the dead, and having shown himself to His disciples ascended into heaven.

11.  But I have yet to speak to you of the temple, how these miserably deceived men put their trust in a house, and not in the God who made as if it were the habitation of God.

12.  For in the same fashion the Gentiles consecrate themselves to a temple.  But hear how the Lord speaks rendering the temple vain, saying; "Who has measured the span of the heavens, or the earth with his hand, is it not I?

13.  For thus said the Lord; Heaven is My throne, and the earth My footstool, what then will be the house that you will build for Me, or the place of My rest?"

14.  Know therefore that all their hope is in vain, for again He spoke in this manner, "Behold, they that destroy the temple, even they shall build it again".  And so also it came to pass, for in their wars their enemies destroyed it, and servants of their enemies are building it again.

15.  Furthermore, it has been shown how the city and the temple, as well as the people of Israel should be given up, for the scripture says.  And it shall come to pass in the last days that the Lord will deliver the sheep of His pasture and their tower to destruction.  And likewise it has come to pass as the Lord spoke.

16.  And now let us inquire if there be any temple of God.  It then is, and it is where He himself declared He would both make and perfect it.

17.  For it is written; "And it shall be that as soon as the week is completed that the temple of the Lord shall be build gloriously in the name of the Lord.

18.  Thus we found that there is to be a temple, but "how" shall it be build in the name of the Lord?  And to show this, the habitation of our heart, before we believed, was corrupt and feeble, as a temple build with hands.

19.  For it was a house full of idolatry and of evils in as much as the things done in it were contrary to God, but now it shall be build in the name of the Lord.

20.  For just think of how the temple of the Lord shall be gloriously build, and consider by what means that will be, for having received remission of our sins, and trusting in the name of the Lord, we are redeemed just as were we newly created from the beginning.  God therefore truly dwells in our houses, that is, in us.

21.  And how shall He dwell in us?  By His word of faith, the calling of His promise, the wisdom of His righteous judgments, the commands of His doctrine.

22.  For He himself prophesies within us, who were in bonds of death, and opens to us the gates of our temple, which is the mouth of wisdom.  This means did He bring us an incorruptible temple.

23.  He therefore that desires to be saved, does not look to a man, but to Him who lives within him, and who speaks by Him.

24.  And we are struck by wonder, since of ourselves we never heard such words spoken of ourselves, nor did we expect to hear such come of our mouth.

25.  This then is the spiritual temple build unto the Lord.

 

       Chapter 14

      The things righteous.

1.   And thus I trust that I nave declared to you as much as I could and in simplicity, such things, which make for your salvation, and not to have omitted anything that may be required thereto.

2.   For if I could speak further of the things, which are, and are to come, you would not comprehend them since they are in parables, this therefore must be sufficient for these things.

3.   And now let us go to another kind of knowledge and doctrine.  For there are two doctrines and powers, the one is light the other of darkness.

4.   But there is a great deal of difference between these two, for the angels of God, the leaders of the way of light, are appointed over one, over the other are the angels of Satan.  One is the Lord from  everlasting to everlasting, the other the prince of the period of unrighteousness

5.   The way of light then, if anyone desires to attain to that place appointed for him, and who hastens thereto in his works with the given him to walk therein, is this; You shall love Him who made you.  And you shall glorify Him who redeemed you from death.

6.   You shall be simple in heart, rich in the Spirit, you shall not join those who walk in the way of death, you shall hate to do anything not pleasing to God, you shall abhor all divisions, nor shall you neglect any command of God.

7.   You shall not exalt yourself, but be humble; you shall not take honor to yourself, nor enter into any wicked counsel against your neighbor, nor over-confident in your heart.

8.   You shall not commit adultery, nor corrupt yourself with mankind; you shall not make use of the word of God to any impurity.

9.   You shall not accept any man's person.  And when you reprove faults, you shall be gentle, you shall be quiet and tremble at the words, which you have heard.  You shall not keep any hatred in your heart against your brother, nor shall you entertain any doubt whether it shall be or not.

10.  You shall not take 'he name of the Lord in vain, and you shall love neighbor above your own soul.

11.  You shall not destroy your conceptions before they are brought forth, nor kill them after they are born.

12.  You shall not withdraw your hand from your son or your daughter, but you shall teach them from their youth the fear of the Lord.

13.  You shall not covet your neighbor's goods, nor shall you be an extortionist nor shall your heart be joined to proud men, but you shall be numbered among the righteous and the lowly, and whatever thing happens to you, - you shall receive them as good.

14.  You shall not be double minded nor double tongued, for this is the snare of death, you shall be subject to the Lord and to secular masters as representatives of God in fear and in reverence.

15.  You shall not be bitter in your command towards any of your servants that trust in God, lest you chance not to fear Him who is over both, for He came to call without respect of persons' calling  them which the Spirit had prepared.

16.  You shall share with your neighbor of all that you have, and not call anything your own, for if you share in those things that are how much the more should you do so in that which is corruptible.

17.  You shall not be forward to speak, for the mouth is a snare of death, strive for your soul with all your might, do not put out your hand only to receive, nor should you withhold your hand when you should give.

18.  You shall love all those who speak the word of God, as were they the apple of your eye, and call to remembrance the judgment to come both day and night.

19.  Seek out the person of the righteous each day, and consider how to so, as well as learning to admonish, meditating how you may save a soul.

20.  You shall labor to give to the poor that your sins may be forgiven you, nor shall you deliberate if you should give, nor afterwards murmur at it.

21.  Give to everyone that asks, so that you will come to know whom the good rewarded is of your gifts, and keep what you have received, neither take from it, nor add to it.

22.  Let the wicked be your aversion always, and you shall judge a righteous judgment, and never cause divisions, but make peace between those that are at difference.

23.  You shall confess your sins, and not come to your prayer with an evil conscience; this is the way of light.

 

      Chapter 15

      The way of error.

1.   But the way of darkness is crooked and full of cursing, for it is the way of eternal death with punishment, in which they that walk therein meet the things that destroy their souls.

2.   Such are, idolatry, confidence, pride of power, hypocrisy, double-mindedness, adultery, murder, rape, pride, deceit, malice, arrogance, witchcraft, covertness, and the lack of the fear of God.

3.   In this walk those that are persecutors of such as are good, haters of truth, lovers of lies, who know not the reward of righteousness, nor cleave to anything that is good.

4.   Who administer not righteous judgment to the widow and orphan, who watch for wicked and not the fear of the Lord, patience, and gentleness are far from them, loving vanity and strive after rewards.

5.   Who have no compassion on the poor, nor take any pains for such as are heavy laden and oppressed who are ready to speak evil, not knowing who made them.

6.   Murderers of children, corrupters of the creatures of God, that turn from the needy, oppressing the afflicted, they are the advocates of the rich, and unjust judges of the poor, being altogether sinners.

7.   It is therefore fitting that learning the just commands of the Lord that we walk in them, for he who does shall be glorified in the kingdom of God.

8.   But he that chooses the other, shall be destroyed together with his works, for this cause there shall be both a resurrection and retribution.

9.   I entreat those that are in high esteem among you, if you will take my counsel which I offer with good intentions, that you do well to those that you have with you, and not forsake them.

10.  For the day is at hand in which all things shall be destroyed together with the wicked, the Lord is near, and His reward is with Him.

11.  I again entreat you, be as good lawgivers to one another, continue with faithful counsel to each other, and remove all hypocrisy from you.

12.  And may God the Lord of all the world give you wisdom, knowledge, counsel, and understanding of His judgments in patience.

13.  Be taught of God, seeking what it is that the Lord requires of you, and doing it, that you may be saved in the day of judgment.

14.  If there be among you any remembrance of good, think of me, meditate on these things that both my desire and my watching for you may turn to a good account.

15.  I entreat you, asking as a favor of you, while you are in this beautiful tabernacle of the body, be wanting in none of these things, but seek them without ceasing, and fulfill every command, for these things are worthy to be done.

16.  Therefore also did I take diligence to write to you according to my ability, that you might rejoice.

17.  Farewell my children of love and peace.  The Lord of glory and of all grace be with your spirits.

Amen.