1: There was a certain man of Ramatha'im-zo'phim of the hill
country of E'phraim, whose name was Elka'nah the son of Jero'ham, son of
Eli'hu, son of Tohu, son of Zuph, an E'phraimite.
2: He had two wives; the name of the one was Hannah, and the name
of the other Penin'nah. And Penin'nah had children, but Hannah had no
3: Now this man used to go up year by year from his city to
worship and to sacrifice to the Lord of hosts at Shiloh, where the two
sons of Eli, Hophni and Phin'ehas, were priests of the Lord.
4: On the day when Elka'nah sacrificed, he would give portions to
Penin'nah his wife and to all her sons and daughters;
5: and, although he loved Hannah, he would give Hannah only one
portion, because the Lord had closed her womb.
6: And her rival used to provoke her sorely, to irritate her,
because the Lord had closed her womb.
7: So it went on year by year; as often as she went up to the
house of the Lord, she used to provoke her. Therefore Hannah wept and
would not eat.
8: And Elka'nah, her husband, said to her, "Hannah, why do
you weep? And why do you not eat? And why is your heart sad? Am I not
more to you than ten sons?"
9: After they had eaten and drunk in Shiloh, Hannah rose. Now Eli
the priest was sitting on the seat beside the doorpost of the temple of
10: She was deeply distressed and prayed to the Lord, and wept
11: And she vowed a vow and said, "O Lord of hosts, if Thou
wilt indeed look on the affliction of thy maidservant, and remember me,
and not forget thy maidservant, but wilt give to thy maidservant a son,
then I will give him to the Lord all the days of his life, and no razor
shall touch his head."
12: As she continued praying before the Lord, Eli observed her
13: Hannah was speaking in her heart; only her lips moved, and
her voice was not heard; therefore Eli took her to be a drunken woman.
14: And Eli said to her, "How long will you be drunken? Put
away your wine from you."
15: But Hannah answered, "No, my lord, I am a woman sorely
troubled; I have drunk neither wine nor strong drink, but I have been
pouring out my soul before the Lord.
16: Do not regard your maidservant as a base woman, for all along
I have been speaking out of my great anxiety and vexation."
17: Then Eli answered, "Go in peace, and the God of Israel
grant your petition which you have made to him."
18: And she said, "Let your maidservant find favor in your
eyes." Then the woman went her way and ate, and her countenance was
no longer sad.
19: They rose early in the morning and worshiped before the Lord;
then they went back to their house at Ramah. And Elka'nah knew Hannah
his wife, and the Lord remembered her;
20: and in due time Hannah conceived and bore a son, and she
called his name Samuel, for she said, "I have asked him of the
21: And the man Elka'nah and all his house went up to offer to
the Lord the yearly sacrifice, and to pay his vow.
22: But Hannah did not go up, for she said to her husband,
"As soon as the child is weaned, I will bring him, that he may
appear in the presence of the Lord, and abide there for ever."
23: Elka'nah her husband said to her, "Do what seems best to
you, wait until you have weaned him; only, may the Lord establish his
word." So the woman remained and nursed her son, until she weaned
24: And when she had weaned him, she took him up with her, along
with a three-year-old bull, an ephah of flour, and a skin of wine; and
she brought him to the house of the Lord at Shiloh; and the child was
25: Then they slew the bull, and they brought the child to Eli.
26: And she said, "Oh, my Lord! As Thou live, my lord, I am
the woman who was standing here in your presence, praying to the Lord.
27: For this child I prayed; and the Lord has granted me my
petition which I made to him.
28: Therefore I have lent him to the Lord; as long as he lives,
he is lent to the Lord." And they worshiped the Lord there.
1: Hannah also prayed and said, "My heart exults in the
Lord; my strength is exalted in the Lord. My mouth derides my enemies,
because I rejoice in thy salvation.
2: "There is none holy like the Lord, there is none besides
Thee; there is no rock like our God.
3: Talk no more so very proudly, let not arrogance come from your
mouth; for the Lord is a God of knowledge, and by
Him actions are
4: The bows of the mighty are broken, but the feeble gird on
5: Those who were full have hired themselves out for bread, but
those who were hungry have ceased to hunger. The barren has borne seven,
but she who has many children is forlorn.
6: The Lord kills and brings to life; He brings down to Sheol and
7: The Lord makes poor and makes rich; He brings low, He also
8: He raises up the poor from the dust; He lifts the needy from
the ash heap, to make them sit with princes and inherit a seat of honor.
For the pillars of the earth are the Lord's, and on them He has set the
9: "He will guard the feet of his faithful ones; but the
wicked shall be cut off in darkness; for not by might shall a man
10: The adversaries of the Lord shall be broken to pieces;
against them He will thunder in heaven. The Lord will judge the ends of
the earth; He will give strength to His king, and exalt the power of His
11: Then Elka'nah went home to Ramah. And the boy ministered to
the Lord, in the presence of Eli the priest.
12: Now the sons of Eli were worthless men; they had no regard
for the Lord.
13: The custom of the priests with the people was that when any
man offered sacrifice, the priest's servant would come, while the meat
was boiling, with a three-pronged fork in his hand,
14: and he would thrust it into the pan, or kettle, or caldron,
or pot; all that the fork brought up the priest would take for himself.
So they did at Shiloh to all the Israelites who came there.
15: Moreover, before the fat was burned, the priest's servant
would come and say to the man who was sacrificing, "Give meat for
the priest to roast; for he will not accept boiled meat from you, but
16: And if the man said to him, "Let them burn the fat
first, and then take as much as you wish," he would say, "No,
you must give it now; and if not, I will take it by force."
17: Thus the sin of the young men was very great in the sight of
the Lord; for the men treated the offering of the Lord with contempt.
18: Samuel was ministering before the Lord, a boy girded with a
19: And his mother used to make for him a little robe and take it
to him each year, when she went up with her husband to offer the yearly
20: Then Eli would bless Elka'nah and his wife, and say,
"The Lord give you children by this woman for the loan which she
lent to the Lord"; so then they would return to their home.
21: And the Lord visited Hannah, and she conceived and bore three
sons and two daughters. And the boy Samuel grew in the presence of the
22: Now Eli was very old, and he heard all that his sons were
doing to all Israel, and how they lay with the women who served at the
entrance to the tent of meeting.
23: And he said to them, "Why do you do such things? For I
hear of your evil dealings from all the people.
24: No, my sons; it is no good report that I hear the people of
the Lord spreading abroad.
25: If a man sins against a man, God will mediate for him; but if
a man sins against the Lord, who can intercede for him?" But they
would not listen to the voice of their father; for it was the will of
the Lord to slay them.
26: Now the boy Samuel continued to grow both in stature and in
favor with the Lord and with men.
27: And there came a man of God to Eli, and said to him,
"Thus the Lord has said, `I revealed Myself to the house of your
father when they were in Egypt subject to the house of Pharaoh.
28: And I chose him out of all the tribes of Israel to be My
priest, to go up to My altar, to burn incense, to wear an ephod before
Me; and I gave to the house of your father all My offerings by fire from
the people of Israel.
29: Why then look with greedy eye at My sacrifices and My
offerings which I commanded, and honor your sons above Me by fattening
yourselves upon the choicest parts of every offering of My people
30: Therefore the Lord the God of Israel declares: `I promised
that your house and the house of your father should go in and out before
Me for ever'; but now the Lord declares: `Far be it from
Me; for those
who honor Me I will honor, and those who despise Me shall be lightly
31: Behold, the days are coming, when I will cut off your
strength and the strength of your father's house, so that there will not
be an old man in your house.
32: Then in distress you will look with envious eye on all the
prosperity which shall be bestowed upon Israel; and there shall not be
an old man in your house for ever.
33: The man of you whom I shall not cut off from my altar shall
be spared to weep out his eyes and grieve his heart; and all the
increase of your house shall die by the sword of men.
34: And this which shall befall your two sons, Hophni and
Phin'ehas, shall be the sign to you: both of them shall die on the same
35: And I will raise up for Myself a faithful priest, who shall
do according to what is in My heart and in My mind; and I will build him
a sure house, and he shall go in and out before My anointed for ever.
36: And every one who is left in your house shall come to implore
him for a piece of silver or a loaf of bread, and shall say, "Put
me, I pray you, in one of the priest's places, that I may eat a morsel
1: Now the boy Samuel was ministering to the Lord under Eli. And
the word of the Lord was rare in those days; there was no frequent
2: At that time Eli, whose eyesight had begun to grow dim, so
that he could not see, was lying down in his own place;
3: the lamp of God had not yet gone out, and Samuel was lying
down within the temple of the Lord, where the ark of God was.
4: Then the Lord called, "Samuel! Samuel!" and he said,
"Here I am!"
5: and ran to Eli, and said, "Here I am, for you called
me." But he said, "I did not call; lie down again." So he
went and lay down.
6: And the Lord called again, "Samuel!" And Samuel
arose and went to Eli, and said, "Here I am, for you called
me." But he said, "I did not call, my son; lie down
7: Now Samuel did not yet know the Lord, and the word of the Lord
had not yet been revealed to him.
8: And the Lord called Samuel again the third time. And he arose
and went to Eli, and said, "Here I am, for you called me."
Then Eli perceived that the Lord was calling the boy.
9: Therefore Eli said to Samuel, "Go, lie down; and if He
calls you, you shall say, `Speak, Lord, for Thy servant hears.'" So
Samuel went and lay down in his place.
10: And the Lord came and stood forth, calling as at other times,
"Samuel! Samuel!" And Samuel said, "Speak, for Thy
11: Then the Lord said to Samuel, "Behold, I am about to do
a thing in Israel, at which the two ears of every one that hears it will
12: On that day I will fulfill against Eli all that I have spoken
concerning his house, from beginning to end.
13: And I tell him that I am about to punish his house for ever,
for the iniquity which he knew, because his sons were blaspheming God,
and he did not restrain them.
14: Therefore I swear to the house of Eli that the iniquity of
Eli's house shall not be expiated by sacrifice or offering for
15: Samuel lay until morning; then he opened the doors of the
house of the Lord. And Samuel was afraid to tell the vision to Eli.
16: But Eli called Samuel and said, "Samuel, my son."
And he said, "Here I am."
17: And Eli said, "What was it that he told you? Do not hide
it from me. May God do so to you and more also, if you hide anything
from me of all that He told you."
18: So Samuel told him everything and hid nothing from him. And
he said, "It is the Lord; let Him do what seems good to Him."
19: And Samuel grew, and the Lord was with him and let none of
his words fall to the ground.
20: And all Israel from Dan to Beer-sheba knew that Samuel was
established as a prophet of the Lord.
21: And the Lord appeared again at Shiloh, for the Lord revealed
himself to Samuel at Shiloh by the word of the Lord.
1: And the word of Samuel came to all Israel. Now Israel went out
to battle against the Philistines; they encamped at Ebene'zer, and the
Philistines encamped at Aphek.
2: The Philistines drew up in line against Israel, and when the
battle spread, Israel was defeated by the Philistines, who slew about
four thousand men on the field of battle.
3: And when the troops came to the camp, the elders of Israel
said, "Why has the Lord put us to rout today before the
Philistines? Let us bring the ark of the covenant of the Lord here from
Shiloh, that he may come among us and save us from the power of our
4: So the people sent to Shiloh, and brought from there the ark
of the covenant of the Lord of hosts, who is enthroned on the cherubim;
and the two sons of Eli, Hophni and Phin'ehas, were there with the ark
of the covenant of God.
5: When the ark of the covenant of the Lord came into the camp,
all Israel gave a mighty shout, so that the earth resounded.
6: And when the Philistines heard the noise of the shouting, they
said, "What does this great shouting in the camp of the Hebrews
mean?" And when they learned that the ark of the Lord had come to
7: the Philistines were afraid; for they said, "A god has
come into the camp." And they said, "Woe to us! For nothing
like this has happened before.
8: Woe to us! Who can deliver us from the power of these mighty
gods? These are the gods who smote the Egyptians with every sort of
plague in the wilderness.
9: Take courage, and acquit yourselves like men, O Philistines,
lest you become slaves to the Hebrews as they have been to you; acquit
yourselves like men and fight."
10: So the Philistines fought, and Israel was defeated, and they
fled, every man to his home; and there was a very great slaughter, for
there fell of Israel thirty thousand foot soldiers.
11: And the ark of God was captured; and the two sons of Eli,
Hophni and Phin'ehas, were slain.
12: A man of Benjamin ran from the battle line, and came to
Shiloh the same day, with his clothes rent and with earth upon his head.
13: When he arrived, Eli was sitting upon his seat by the road
watching, for his heart trembled for the ark of God. And when the man
came into the city and told the news, all the city cried out.
14: When Eli heard the sound of the outcry, he said, "What
is this uproar?" Then the man hastened and came and told Eli.
15: Now Eli was ninety-eight years old and his eyes were set, so
that he could not see.
16: And the man said to Eli, "I am he who has come from the
battle; I fled from the battle today." And he said, "How did
it go, my son?"
17: He who brought the tidings answered and said, "Israel
has fled before the Philistines, and there has also been a great
slaughter among the people; your two sons also, Hophni and Phin'ehas,
are dead, and the ark of God has been captured."
18: When he mentioned the ark of God, Eli fell over backward from
his seat by the side of the gate; and his neck was broken and he died,
for he was an old man, and heavy. He had judged Israel forty years.
19: Now his daughter-in-law, the wife of Phin'ehas, was with
child, about to give birth. And when she heard the tidings that the ark
of God was captured, and that her father-in-law and her husband were
dead, she bowed and gave birth; for her pains came upon her.
20: And about the time of her death the women attending her said
to her, "Fear not, for you have borne a son." But she did not
answer or give heed.
21: And she named the child Ich'abod, saying, "The glory has
departed from Israel!" because the ark of God had been captured and
because of her father-in-law and her husband.
22: And she said, "The glory has departed from Israel, for
the ark of God has been captured."
1: When the Philistines captured the ark of God, they carried it
from Ebene'zer to Ashdod;
2: then the Philistines took the ark of God and brought it into
the house of dagon and set it up beside dagon.
3: And when the people of Ashdod rose early the next day, behold,
dagon had fallen face downward on the ground before the ark of the Lord.
So they took dagon and put him back in his place.
4: But when they rose early on the next morning, behold, dagon
had fallen face downward on the ground before the ark of the Lord, and
the head of dagon and both his hands were lying cut off upon the
threshold; only the trunk of dagon was left to him.
5: This is why the priests of dagon and all who enter the house
of dagon do not tread on the threshold of dagon in Ashdod to this day.
6: The hand of the Lord was heavy upon the people of Ashdod, and
he terrified and afflicted them with tumors, both Ashdod and its
7: And when the men of Ashdod saw how things were, they said,
"The ark of the God of Israel must not remain with us; for his hand
is heavy upon us and upon dagon our god."
8: So they sent and gathered together all the lords of the
Philistines, and said, "What shall we do with the ark of the God of
Israel?" They answered, "Let the ark of the God of Israel be
brought around to Gath." So they brought the ark of the God of
9: But after they had brought it around, the hand of the Lord was
against the city, causing a very great panic, and he afflicted the men
of the city, both young and old, so that tumors broke out upon them.
10: So they sent the ark of God to Ekron. But when the ark of God
came to Ekron, the people of Ekron cried out, "They have brought
around to us the ark of the God of Israel to slay us and our
11: They sent therefore and gathered together all the lords of
the Philistines, and said, "Send away the ark of the God of Israel,
and let it return to its own place, that it may not slay us and our
people." For there was a deathly panic throughout the whole city.
The hand of God was very heavy there;
12: the men who did not die were stricken with tumors, and the
cry of the city went up to heaven.
1: The ark of the Lord was in the country of the Philistines
2: And the Philistines called for the priests and the diviners
and said, "What shall we do with the ark of the Lord? Tell us with
what we shall send it to its place."
3: They said, "If you send away the ark of the God of
Israel, do not send it empty, but by all means return him a guilt
offering. Then you will be healed, and it will be known to you why His
hand does not turn away from you."
4: And they said, "What is the guilt offering that we shall
return to him?" They answered, "Five golden tumors and five
golden mice, according to the number of the lords of the Philistines;
for the same plague was upon all of you and upon your lords.
5: So you must make images of your tumors and images of your mice
that ravage the land, and give glory to the God of Israel; perhaps He
will lighten his hand from off you and your gods and your land.
6: Why should you harden your hearts as the Egyptians and Pharaoh
hardened their hearts? After He had made sport of them, did not they let
the people go, and they departed?
7: Now then, take and prepare a new cart and two milch cows upon
which there has never come a yoke, and yoke the cows to the cart, but
take their calves home, away from them.
8: And take the ark of the Lord and place it on the cart, and put
in a box at its side the figures of gold, which you are returning to him
as a guilt offering. Then send it off, and let it go its way.
9: And watch; if it goes up on the way to its own land, to
Beth-she'mesh, then it is He who has done us this great harm; but if
not, then we shall know that it is not His hand that struck us, it
happened to us by chance."
10: The men did so, and took two milch cows and yoked them to the
cart, and shut up their calves at home.
11: And they put the ark of the Lord on the cart, and the box
with the golden mice and the images of their tumors.
12: And the cows went straight in the direction of Beth-she'mesh
along one highway, lowing as they went; they turned neither to the right
nor to the left, and the lords of the Philistines went after them as far
as the border of Beth-she'mesh.
13: Now the people of Beth-she'mesh were reaping their wheat
harvest in the valley; and when they lifted up their eyes and saw the
ark, they rejoiced to see it.
14: The cart came into the field of Joshua of Beth-she'mesh, and
stopped there. A great stone was there; and they split up the wood of
the cart and offered the cows as a burnt offering to the Lord.
15: And the Levites took down the ark of the Lord and the box
that was beside it, in which were the golden figures, and set them upon
the great stone; and the men of Beth-she'mesh offered burnt offerings
and sacrificed sacrifices on that day to the Lord.
16: And when the five lords of the Philistines saw it, they
returned that day to Ekron.
17: These are the golden tumors, which the Philistines returned
as a guilt offering to the Lord: one for Ashdod, one for Gaza, one for
Ash'kelon, one for Gath, one for Ekron;
18: also the golden mice, according to the number of all the
cities of the Philistines belonging to the five lords, both fortified
cities and unwalled villages. The great stone, beside which they set
down the ark of the Lord, is a witness to this day in the field of
Joshua of Beth-she'mesh.
19: And He slew some of the men of Beth-she'mesh, because they
looked into the ark of the Lord; He slew seventy men of them, and the
people mourned because the Lord had made a great slaughter among the
20: Then the men of Beth-she'mesh said, "Who is able to
stand before the Lord, this holy God? And to whom shall He go up away
21: So they sent messengers to the inhabitants of
Kir'iath-je'arim, saying, "The Philistines have returned the ark of
the Lord. Come down and take it up to you."
1: And the men of Kir'iath-je'arim came and took up the ark of
the Lord, and brought it to the house of Abin'adab on the hill; and they
consecrated his son, Elea'zar, to have charge of the ark of the Lord.
2: From the day that the ark was lodged at Kir'iath-je'arim, a
long time passed, some twenty years, and all the house of Israel
lamented after the Lord.
3: Then Samuel said to all the house of Israel, "If you are
returning to the Lord with all your heart, then put away the foreign
gods and the ash'taroth from among you, and direct your heart to the
Lord, and serve Him only, and He will deliver you out of the hand of the
4: So Israel put away the ba'als and the ash'taroth, and they
served the Lord only.
5: Then Samuel said, "Gather all Israel at Mizpah, and I
will pray to the Lord for you."
6: So they gathered at Mizpah, and drew water and poured it out
before the Lord, and fasted on that day, and said there, "We have
sinned against the Lord." And Samuel judged the people of Israel at
7: Now when the Philistines heard that the people of Israel had
gathered at Mizpah, the lords of the Philistines went up against Israel.
And when the people of Israel heard of it they were afraid of the
8: And the people of Israel said to Samuel, "Do not cease to
cry to the Lord our God for us, that He may save us from the hand of the
9: So Samuel took a sucking lamb and offered it as a whole burnt
offering to the Lord; and Samuel cried to the Lord for Israel, and the
Lord answered him.
10: As Samuel was offering up the burnt offering, the Philistines
drew near to attack Israel; but the Lord thundered with a mighty voice
that day against the Philistines and threw them into confusion; and they
were routed before Israel.
11: And the men of Israel went out of Mizpah and pursued the
Philistines, and smote them, as far as below Beth-car.
12: Then Samuel took a stone and set it up between Mizpah and
Jesha'nah, and called its name Ebene'zer; for he said, "Hitherto
the Lord has helped us."
13: So the Philistines were subdued and did not again enter the
territory of Israel. And the hand of the Lord was against the
Philistines all the days of Samuel.
14: The cities which the Philistines had taken from Israel were
restored to Israel, from Ekron to Gath; and Israel rescued their
territory from the hand of the Philistines. There was peace also between
Israel and the Amorites.
15: Samuel judged Israel all the days of his life.
16: And he went on a circuit year by year to Bethel, Gilgal, and
Mizpah; and he judged Israel in all these places.
17: Then he would come back to Ramah, for his home was there, and
there also he administered justice to Israel. And he built there an
altar to the Lord.
1: When Samuel became old, he made his sons judges over Israel.
2: The name of his first-born son was Jo'el, and the name of his
second, Abi'jah; they were judges in Beer-sheba.
3: Yet his sons did not walk in his ways, but turned aside after
gain; they took bribes and perverted justice.
4: Then all the elders of Israel gathered together and came to
Samuel at Ramah,
5: and said to him, "Behold, you are old and your sons do
not walk in your ways; now appoint for us a king to govern us like all
6: But the thing displeased Samuel when they said, "Give us
a king to govern us." And Samuel prayed to the Lord.
7: And the Lord said to Samuel, "Hearken to the voice of the
people in all that they say to you; for they have not rejected you, but
they have rejected Me from being king over them.
8: According to all the deeds which they have done to Me, from
the day I brought them up out of Egypt even to this day, forsaking Me
and serving other gods, so they are also doing to you.
9: Now then, hearken to their voice; only, you shall solemnly
warn them, and show them the ways of the king who shall reign over
10: So Samuel told all the words of the Lord to the people who
were asking a king from him.
11: He said, "These will be the ways of the king who will
reign over you: he will take your sons and appoint them to his chariots
and to be his horsemen, and to run before his chariots;
12: and he will appoint for himself commanders of thousands and
commanders of fifties, and some to plow his ground and to reap his
harvest, and to make his implements of war and the equipment of his
13: He will take your daughters to be perfumers and cooks and
14: He will take the best of your fields and vineyards and olive
orchards and give them to his servants.
15: He will take the tenth of your grain and of your vineyards
and give it to his officers and to his servants.
16: He will take your menservants and maidservants, and the best
of your cattle and your asses, and put them to his work.
17: He will take the tenth of your flocks, and you shall be his
18: And in that day you will cry out because of your king, whom
you have chosen for yourselves; but the Lord will not answer you in that
19: But the people refused to listen to the voice of Samuel; and
they said, "No! but we will have a king over us,
20: that we also may be like all the nations, and that our king
may govern us and go out before us and fight our battles."
21: And when Samuel had heard all the words of the people, he
repeated them in the ears of the Lord.
22: And the Lord said to Samuel, "Hearken to their voice,
and make them a king." Samuel then said to the men of Israel,
"Go every man to his city."
1: There was a man of Benjamin whose name was Kish, the son of
Abi'el, son of Zeror, son of Beco'rath, son of Aphi'ah, a Benjaminite, a
man of wealth;
2: and he had a son whose name was Saul, a handsome young man.
There was not a man among the people of Israel more handsome than he;
from his shoulders upward he was taller than any of the people.
3: Now the asses of Kish, Saul's father, were lost. So Kish said
to Saul his son, "Take one of the servants with you, and arise, go
and look for the asses."
4: And they passed through the hill country of E'phraim and
passed through the land of Shal'ishah, but they did not find them. And
they passed through the land of Sha'alim, but they were not there. Then
they passed through the land of Benjamin, but did not find them.
5: When they came to the land of Zuph, Saul said to his servant
who was with him, "Come, let us go back, lest my father cease to
care about the asses and become anxious about us."
6: But he said to him, "Behold, there is a man of God in
this city, and he is a man that is held in honor; all that he says comes
true. Let us go there; perhaps he can tell us about the journey on which
we have set out."
7: Then Saul said to his servant, "But if we go, what can we
bring the man? For the bread in our sacks is gone, and there is no
present to bring to the man of God. What have we?"
8: The servant answered Saul again, "Here, I have with me
the fourth part of a shekel of silver, and I will give it to the man of
God, to tell us our way."
9: (Formerly in Israel, when a man went to inquire of God, he
said, "Come, let us go to the seer"; for he who is now called
a prophet was formerly called a seer.)
10: And Saul said to his servant, "Well said; come, let us
go." So they went to the city where the man of God was.
11: As they went up the hill to the city, they met young maidens
coming out to draw water, and said to them, "Is the seer
12: They answered, "He is; behold, he is just ahead of you.
Make haste; he has come just now to the city, because the people have a
sacrifice today on the high place.
13: As soon as you enter the city, you will find him, before he
goes up to the high place to eat; for the people will not eat till he
comes, since he must bless the sacrifice; afterward those eat who are
invited. Now go up, for you will meet him immediately."
14: So they went up to the city. As they were entering the city,
they saw Samuel coming out toward them on his way up to the high place.
15: Now the day before Saul came, the Lord had revealed to
16: "Tomorrow about this time I will send to you a man from
the land of Benjamin, and you shall anoint him to be prince over My
people Israel. He shall save My people from the hand of the Philistines;
for I have seen the affliction of My people, because their cry has come
17: When Samuel saw Saul, the Lord told him, "Here is the
man of whom I spoke to you! He it is who shall rule over My
18: Then Saul approached Samuel in the gate, and said, "Tell
me where is the house of the seer?"
19: Samuel answered Saul, "I am the seer; go up before me to
the high place, for today you shall eat with me, and in the morning I
will let you go and will tell you all that is on your mind.
20: As for your asses that were lost three days ago, do not set
your mind on them, for they have been found. And for whom is all that is
desirable in Israel? Is it not for you and for all your father's
21: Saul answered, "Am I not a Benjaminite, from the least
of the tribes of Israel? And is not my family the humblest of all the
families of the tribe of Benjamin? Why then have you spoken to me in
22: Then Samuel took Saul and his servant and brought them into
the hall and gave them a place at the head of those who had been
invited, who were about thirty persons.
23: And Samuel said to the cook, "Bring the portion I gave
you, of which I said to you, `Put it aside.'"
24: So the cook took up the leg and the upper portion and set
them before Saul; and Samuel said, "See, what was kept is set
before you. Eat; because it was kept for you until the hour appointed,
that you might eat with the guests." So Saul ate with Samuel that
25: And when they came down from the high place into the city, a
bed was spread for Saul upon the roof, and he lay down to sleep.
26: Then at the break of dawn Samuel called to Saul upon the
roof, "Up, that I may send you on your way." So Saul arose,
and both he and Samuel went out into the street.
27: As they were going down to the outskirts of the city, Samuel
said to Saul, "Tell the servant to pass on before us, and when he
has passed on stop here yourself for a while, that I may make known to
you the word of God."
1: Then Samuel took a vial of oil and poured it on his head, and
kissed him and said, "Has not the Lord anointed you to be prince
over his people Israel? And you shall reign over the people of the Lord
and you will save them from the hand of their enemies round about. And
this shall be the sign to you that the Lord has anointed you to be
prince over his heritage.
2: When you depart from me today you will meet two men by
Rachel's tomb in the territory of Benjamin at Zelzah, and they will say
to you, `The asses which you went to seek are found, and now your father
has ceased to care about the asses and is anxious about you, saying,
"What shall I do about my son?"'
3: Then you shall go on from there further and come to the oak of
Tabor; three men going up to God at Bethel will meet you there, one
carrying three kids, another carrying three loaves of bread, and another
carrying a skin of wine.
4: And they will greet you and give you two loaves of bread,
which you shall accept from their hand.
5: After that you shall come to Gib'e-ath-elo'him, where there is
a garrison of the Philistines; and there, as you come to the city, you
will meet a band of prophets coming down from the high place with harp,
tambourine, flute, and lyre before them, prophesying.
6: Then the spirit of the Lord will come mightily upon you, and
you shall prophesy with them and be turned into another man.
7: Now when these signs meet you, do whatever your hand finds to
do, for God is with you.
8: And you shall go down before me to Gilgal; and behold, I am
coming to you to offer burnt offerings and to sacrifice peace offerings.
Seven days you shall wait, until I come to you and show you what you
9: When he turned his back to leave Samuel, God gave him another
heart; and all these signs came to pass that day.
10: When they came to Gib'e-ah, behold, a band of prophets met
him; and the spirit of God came mightily upon him, and he prophesied
11: And when all who knew him before saw how he prophesied with
the prophets, the people said to one another, "What has come over
the son of Kish? Is Saul also among the prophets?"
12: And a man of the place answered, "And who is their
father?" Therefore it became a proverb, "Is Saul also among
13: When he had finished prophesying, he came to the high place.
14: Saul's uncle said to him and to his servant, "Where did
you go?" And he said, "To seek the asses; and when we saw they
were not to be found, we went to Samuel."
15: And Saul's uncle said, "Pray, tell me what Samuel said
16: And Saul said to his uncle, "He told us plainly that the
asses had been found." But about the matter of the kingdom, of
which Samuel had spoken, he did not tell him anything.
17: Now Samuel called the people together to the Lord at Mizpah;
18: and he said to the people of Israel, "Thus says the
Lord, the God of Israel, `I brought up Israel out of Egypt, and I
delivered you from the hand of the Egyptians and from the hand of all
the kingdoms that were oppressing you.'
19: But you have this day rejected your God, who saves you from
all your calamities and your distresses; and you have said, `No! but set
a king over us.' Now therefore present yourselves before the Lord by
your tribes and by your thousands."
20: Then Samuel brought all the tribes of Israel near, and the
tribe of Benjamin was taken by lot.
21: He brought the tribe of Benjamin near by its families, and
the family of the Matrites was taken by lot; finally he brought the
family of the Matrites near man by man, and Saul the son of Kish was
taken by lot. But when they sought him, he could not be found.
22: So they inquired again of the Lord, "Did the man come
hither?" and the Lord said, "Behold, he has hidden himself
among the baggage."
23: Then they ran and fetched him from there; and when he stood
among the people, he was taller than any of the people from his
24: And Samuel said to all the people, "Do you see him whom
the Lord has chosen? There is none like him among all the people."
And all the people shouted, "Long live the king!"
25: Then Samuel told the people the rights and duties of the
kingship; and he wrote them in a book and laid it up before the Lord.
Then Samuel sent all the people away, each one to his home.
26: Saul also went to his home at Gib'e-ah, and with him went men
of valor whose hearts God had touched.
27: But some worthless fellows said, "How can this man save
us?" And they despised him, and brought him no present. But he held
1: Then Nahash the Ammonite went up and besieged Ja'besh-gil'ead;
and all the men of Jabesh said to Nahash, "Make a treaty with us,
and we will serve you."
2: But Nahash the Ammonite said to them, "On this condition
I will make a treaty with you, that I gouge out all your right eyes, and
thus put disgrace upon all Israel."
3: The elders of Jabesh said to him, "Give us seven days
respite that we may send messengers through all the territory of Israel.
Then, if there is no one to save us, we will give ourselves up to
4: When the messengers came to Gib'e-ah of Saul, they reported
the matter in the ears of the people; and all the people wept aloud.
5: Now Saul was coming from the field behind the oxen; and Saul
said, "What ails the people, that they are weeping?" So they
told him the tidings of the men of Jabesh.
6: And the spirit of God came mightily upon Saul when he heard
these words, and his anger was greatly kindled.
7: He took a yoke of oxen, and cut them in pieces and sent them
throughout all the territory of Israel by the hand of messengers,
saying, "Whoever does not come out after Saul and Samuel, so shall
it be done to his oxen!" Then the dread of the Lord fell upon the
people, and they came out as one man.
8: When he mustered them at Bezek, the men of Israel were three
hundred thousand, and the men of Judah thirty thousand.
9: And they said to the messengers who had come, "Thus shall
you say to the men of Ja'besh-gil'ead: `Tomorrow, by the time the sun is
hot, you shall have deliverance.'" When the messengers came and
told the men of Jabesh, they were glad.
10: Therefore the men of Jabesh said, "Tomorrow we will give
ourselves up to you, and you may do to us whatever seems good to
11: And on the morrow Saul put the people in three companies; and
they came into the midst of the camp in the morning watch, and cut down
the Ammonites until the heat of the day; and those who survived were
scattered, so that no two of them were left together.
12: Then the people said to Samuel, "Who is it that said,
`Shall Saul reign over us?' Bring the men, that we may put them to
13: But Saul said, "Not a man shall be put to death this
day, for today the Lord has wrought deliverance in Israel."
14: Then Samuel said to the people, "Come, let us go to
Gilgal and there renew the kingdom."
15: So all the people went to Gilgal, and there they made Saul
king before the Lord in Gilgal. There they sacrificed peace offerings
before the Lord, and there Saul and all the men of Israel rejoiced
1: And Samuel said to all Israel, "Behold, I have hearkened
to your voice in all that you have said to me, and have made a king over
2: And now, behold, the king walks before you; and I am old and
gray, and behold, my sons are with you; and I have walked before you
from my youth until this day.
3: Here I am; testify against me before the Lord and before his
anointed. Whose ox have I taken? Or whose ass have I taken? Or whom have
I defrauded? Whom have I oppressed? Or from whose hand have I taken a
bribe to blind my eyes with it? Testify against me and I will restore it
4: They said, "You have not defrauded us or oppressed us or
taken anything from any man's hand."
5: And he said to them, "The Lord is witness against you,
and his anointed is witness this day, that you have not found anything
in my hand." And they said, "He is witness."
6: And Samuel said to the people, "The Lord is witness, who
appointed Moses and Aaron and brought your fathers up out of the land of
7: Now therefore stand still, that I may plead with you before
the Lord concerning all the saving deeds of the Lord which he performed
for you and for your fathers.
8: When Jacob went into Egypt and the Egyptians oppressed them,
then your fathers cried to the Lord and the Lord sent Moses and Aaron,
who brought forth your fathers out of Egypt, and made them dwell in this
9: But they forgot the Lord their God; and he sold them into the
hand of Sis'era, commander of the army of Jabin king of Hazor, and into
the hand of the Philistines, and into the hand of the king of Moab; and
they fought against them.
10: And they cried to the Lord, and said, `We have sinned,
because we have forsaken the Lord, and have served the ba'als and the
ash'taroth; but now deliver us out of the hand of our enemies, and we
will serve thee.'
11: And the Lord sent Jerubba'al and Barak, and Jephthah, and
Samuel, and delivered you out of the hand of your enemies on every side;
and you dwelt in safety.
12: And when you saw that Nahash the king of the Ammonites came
against you, you said to me, `No, but a king shall reign over us,' when
the Lord your God was your king.
13: And now behold the king whom you have chosen, for whom you
have asked; behold, the Lord has set a king over you.
14: If you will fear the Lord and serve him and hearken to his
voice and not rebel against the commandment of the Lord, and if both you
and the king who reigns over you will follow the Lord your God, it will
15: but if you will not hearken to the voice of the Lord, but
rebel against the commandment of the Lord, then the hand of the Lord
will be against you and your king.
16: Now therefore stand still and see this great thing, which the
Lord will do before your eyes.
17: Is it not wheat harvest today? I will call upon the Lord,
that he may send thunder and rain; and you shall know and see that your
wickedness is great, which you have done in the sight of the Lord, in
asking for yourselves a king."
18: So Samuel called upon the Lord, and the Lord sent thunder and
rain that day; and all the people greatly feared the Lord and Samuel.
19: And all the people said to Samuel, "Pray for your
servants to the Lord your God, that we may not die; for we have added to
all our sins this evil, to ask for ourselves a king."
20: And Samuel said to the people, "Fear not; you have done
all this evil, yet do not turn aside from following the Lord, but serve
the Lord with all your heart;
21: and do not turn aside after vain things which cannot profit
or save, for they are vain.
22: For the Lord will not cast away his people, for his great
name's sake, because it has pleased the Lord to make you a people for
23: Moreover as for me, far be it from me that I should sin
against the Lord by ceasing to pray for you; and I will instruct you in
the good and the right way.
24: Only fear the Lord, and serve him faithfully with all your
heart; for consider what great things he has done for you.
25: But if you still do wickedly, you shall be swept away, both
you and your king."
1: Saul was . . . years old when he began to reign; and he
reigned . . . and two years over Israel.
2: Saul chose three thousand men of Israel; two thousand were
with Saul in Michmash and the hill country of Bethel, and a thousand
were with Jonathan in Gib'e-ah of Benjamin; the rest of the people he
sent home, every man to his tent.
3: Jonathan defeated the garrison of the Philistines which was at
Geba; and the Philistines heard of it. And Saul blew the trumpet
throughout all the land, saying, "Let the Hebrews hear."
4: And all Israel heard it said that Saul had defeated the
garrison of the Philistines, and also that Israel had become odious to
the Philistines. And the people were called out to join Saul at Gilgal.
5: And the Philistines mustered to fight with Israel, thirty
thousand chariots, and six thousand horsemen, and troops like the sand
on the seashore in multitude; they came up and encamped in Michmash, to
the east of Beth-a'ven.
6: When the men of Israel saw that they were in straits (for the
people were hard pressed), the people hid themselves in caves and in
holes and in rocks and in tombs and in cisterns,
7: or crossed the fords of the Jordan to the land of Gad and
Gilead. Saul was still at Gilgal, and all the people followed him
8: He waited seven days, the time appointed by Samuel; but Samuel
did not come to Gilgal, and the people were scattering from him.
9: So Saul said, "Bring the burnt offering here to me, and
the peace offerings." And he offered the burnt offering.
10: As soon as he had finished offering the burnt offering,
behold, Samuel came; and Saul went out to meet him and salute him.
11: Samuel said, "What have you done?" And Saul said,
"When I saw that the people were scattering from me, and that you
did not come within the days appointed, and that the Philistines had
mustered at Michmash,
12: I said, `Now the Philistines will come down upon me at
Gilgal, and I have not entreated the favor of the Lord'; so I forced
myself, and offered the burnt offering."
13: And Samuel said to Saul, "You have done foolishly; you
have not kept the commandment of the Lord your God, which he commanded
you; for now the Lord would have established your kingdom over Israel
14: But now your kingdom shall not continue; the Lord has sought
out a man after his own heart; and the Lord has appointed him to be
prince over his people, because you have not kept what the Lord
15: And Samuel arose, and went up from Gilgal to Gib'e-ah of
Benjamin. And Saul numbered the people who were present with him, about
six hundred men.
16: And Saul, and Jonathan his son, and the people who were
present with them, stayed in Geba of Benjamin; but the Philistines
encamped in Michmash.
17: And raiders came out of the camp of the Philistines in three
companies; one company turned toward Ophrah, to the land of Shu'al,
18: another company turned toward Beth-hor'on, and another
company turned toward the border that looks down upon the valley of
Zebo'im toward the wilderness.
19: Now there was no smith to be found throughout all the land of
Israel; for the Philistines said, "Lest the Hebrews make themselves
swords or spears";
20: but every one of the Israelites went down to the Philistines
to sharpen his plowshare, his mattock, his axe, or his sickle;
21: and the charge was a pim for the plowshares and for the
mattocks, and a third of a shekel for sharpening the axes and for
setting the goads.
22: So on the day of the battle there was neither sword nor spear
found in the hand of any of the people with Saul and Jonathan; but Saul
and Jonathan his son had them.
23: And the garrison of the Philistines went out to the pass of
1: One day Jonathan the son of Saul said to the young man who
bore his armor, "Come, let us go over to the Philistine garrison on
yonder side." But he did not tell his father.
2: Saul was staying in the outskirts of Gib'e-ah under the
pomegranate tree which is at Migron; the people who were with him were
about six hundred men,
3: and Ahi'jah the son of Ahi'tub, Ich'abod's brother, son of
Phin'ehas, son of Eli, the priest of the Lord in Shiloh, wearing an
ephod. And the people did not know that Jonathan had gone.
4: In the pass, by which Jonathan sought to go over to the
Philistine garrison, there was a rocky crag on the one side and a rocky
crag on the other side; the name of the one was Bozez, and the name of
the other Seneh.
5: The one crag rose on the north in front of Michmash, and the
other on the south in front of Geba.
6: And Jonathan said to the young man who bore his armor,
"Come, let us go over to the garrison of these uncircumcised; it
may be that the Lord will work for us; for nothing can hinder the Lord
from saving by many or by few."
7: And his armor-bearer said to him, "Do all that your mind
inclines to; behold, I am with you, as is your mind so is mine."
8: Then said Jonathan, "Behold, we will cross over to the
men, and we will show ourselves to them.
9: If they say to us, `Wait until we come to you,' then we will
stand still in our place, and we will not go up to them.
10: But if they say, `Come up to us,' then we will go up; for the
Lord has given them into our hand. And this shall be the sign to
11: So both of them showed themselves to the garrison of the
Philistines; and the Philistines said, "Look, Hebrews are coming
out of the holes where they have hid themselves."
12: And the men of the garrison hailed Jonathan and his
armor-bearer, and said, "Come up to us, and we will show you a
thing." And Jonathan said to his armor-bearer, "Come up after
me; for the Lord has given them into the hand of Israel."
13: Then Jonathan climbed up on his hands and feet, and his
armor-bearer after him. And they fell before Jonathan, and his
armor-bearer killed them after him;
14: and that first slaughter, which Jonathan and his armor-bearer
made, was of about twenty men within as it were half a furrow's length
in an acre of land.
15: And there was a panic in the camp, in the field, and among
all the people; the garrison and even the raiders trembled; the earth
quaked; and it became a very great panic.
16: And the watchmen of Saul in Gib'e-ah of Benjamin looked; and
behold, the multitude was surging hither and thither.
17: Then Saul said to the people who were with him, "Number
and see who has gone from us." And when they had numbered, behold,
Jonathan and his armor-bearer were not there.
18: And Saul said to Ahi'jah, "Bring hither the ark of
God." For the ark of God went at that time with the people of
19: And while Saul was talking to the priest, the tumult in the
camp of the Philistines increased more and more; and Saul said to the
priest, "Withdraw your hand."
20: Then Saul and all the people who were with him rallied and
went into the battle; and behold, every man's sword was against his
fellow, and there was very great confusion.
21: Now the Hebrews who had been with the Philistines before that
time and who had gone up with them into the camp, even they also turned
to be with the Israelites who were with Saul and Jonathan.
22: Likewise, when all the men of Israel who had hid themselves
in the hill country of E'phraim heard that the Philistines were fleeing,
they too followed hard after them in the battle.
23: So the Lord delivered Israel that day; and the battle passed
24: And the men of Israel were distressed that day; for Saul laid
an oath on the people, saying, "Cursed be the man who eats food
until it is evening and I am avenged on my enemies." So none of the
people tasted food.
25: And all the people came into the forest; and there was honey
on the ground.
26: And when the people entered the forest, behold, the honey was
dropping, but no man put his hand to his mouth; for the people feared
27: But Jonathan had not heard his father charge the people with
the oath; so he put forth the tip of the staff that was in his hand, and
dipped it in the honeycomb, and put his hand to his mouth; and his eyes
28: Then one of the people said, "Your father strictly
charged the people with an oath, saying, `Cursed be the man who eats
food this day.'" And the people were faint.
29: Then Jonathan said, "My father has troubled the land;
see how my eyes have become bright, because I tasted a little of this
30: How much better if the people had eaten freely today of the
spoil of their enemies which they found; for now the slaughter among the
Philistines has not been great."
31: They struck down the Philistines that day from Michmash to
Ai'jalon. And the people were very faint;
32: the people flew upon the spoil, and took sheep and oxen and
calves, and slew them on the ground; and the people ate them with the
33: Then they told Saul, "Behold, the people are sinning
against the Lord, by eating with the blood." And he said, "You
have dealt treacherously; roll a great stone to me here."
34: And Saul said, "Disperse yourselves among the people,
and say to them, `Let every man bring his ox or his sheep, and slay them
here, and eat; and do not sin against the Lord by eating with the
blood.'" So every one of the people brought his ox with him that
night, and slew them there.
35: And Saul built an altar to the Lord; it was the first altar
that he built to the Lord.
36: Then Saul said, "Let us go down after the Philistines by
night and despoil them until the morning light; let us not leave a man
of them." And they said, "Do whatever seems good to you."
But the priest said, "Let us draw near hither to God."
37: And Saul inquired of God, "Shall I go down after the
Philistines? Wilt Thou give them into the hand of Israel?" But he
did not answer him that day.
38: And Saul said, "Come hither, all you leaders of the
people; and know and see how this sin has arisen today.
39: For as the Lord lives who saves Israel, though it be in
Jonathan my son, he shall surely die." But there was not a man
among all the people that answered him.
40: Then he said to all Israel, "You shall be on one side,
and I and Jonathan my son will be on the other side." And the
people said to Saul, "Do what seems good to you."
41: Therefore Saul said, "O Lord God of Israel, why hast
Thou not answered thy servant this day? If this guilt is in me or in
Jonathan my son, O Lord, God of Israel, give Urim; but if this guilt is
in thy people Israel, give Thummim." And Jonathan and Saul were
taken, but the people escaped.
42: Then Saul said, "Cast the lot between me and my son
Jonathan." And Jonathan was taken.
43: Then Saul said to Jonathan, "Tell me what you have
done." And Jonathan told him, "I tasted a little honey with
the tip of the staff that was in my hand; here I am, I will die."
44: And Saul said, "God do so to me and more also; you shall
surely die, Jonathan."
45: Then the people said to Saul, "Shall Jonathan die, who
has wrought this great victory in Israel? Far from it! As the Lord
lives, there shall not one hair of his head fall to the ground; for he
has wrought with God this day." So the people ransomed Jonathan,
that he did not die.
46: Then Saul went up from pursuing the Philistines; and the
Philistines went to their own place.
47: When Saul had taken the kingship over Israel, he fought
against all his enemies on every side, against Moab, against the
Ammonites, against Edom, against the kings of Zobah, and against the
Philistines; wherever he turned he put them to the worse.
48: And he did valiantly, and smote the Amal'ekites, and
delivered Israel out of the hands of those who plundered them.
49: Now the sons of Saul were Jonathan, Ishvi, and Mal'chishu'a;
and the names of his two daughters were these: the name of the
first-born was Merab, and the name of the younger Michal;
50: and the name of Saul's wife was Ahin'o-am the daughter of
Ahim'a-az. And the name of the commander of his army was Abner the son
of Ner, Saul's uncle;
51: Kish was the father of Saul, and Ner the father of Abner was
the son of Abi'el.
52: There was hard fighting against the Philistines all the days
of Saul; and when Saul saw any strong man, or any valiant man, he
attached him to himself.
1: And Samuel said to Saul, "The Lord sent me to anoint you
king over his people Israel; now therefore hearken to the words of the
2: Thus says the Lord of hosts, `I will punish what Am'alek did
to Israel in opposing them on the way, when they came up out of Egypt.
3: Now go and smite Am'alek, and utterly destroy all that they
have; do not spare them, but kill both man and woman, infant and
suckling, ox and sheep, camel and ass.'"
4: So Saul summoned the people, and numbered them in Tela'im, two
hundred thousand men on foot, and ten thousand men of Judah.
5: And Saul came to the city of Am'alek, and lay in wait in the
6: And Saul said to the Ken'ites, "Go, depart, go down from
among the Amal'ekites, lest I destroy you with them; for you showed
kindness to all the people of Israel when they came up out of
Egypt." So the Ken'ites departed from among the Amal'ekites.
7: And Saul defeated the Amal'ekites, from Hav'ilah as far as
Shur, which is east of Egypt.
8: And he took Agag the king of the Amal'ekites alive, and
utterly destroyed all the people with the edge of the sword.
9: But Saul and the people spared Agag, and the best of the sheep
and of the oxen and of the fatlings, and the lambs, and all that was
good, and would not utterly destroy them; all that was despised and
worthless they utterly destroyed.
10: The word of the Lord came to Samuel:
11: "I repent that I have made Saul king; for he has turned
back from following me, and has not performed my commandments." And
Samuel was angry; and he cried to the Lord all night.
12: And Samuel rose early to meet Saul in the morning; and it was
told Samuel, "Saul came to Carmel, and behold, he set up a monument
for himself and turned, and passed on, and went down to Gilgal."
13: And Samuel came to Saul, and Saul said to him, "Blessed
be you to the Lord; I have performed the commandment of the Lord."
14: And Samuel said, "What then is this bleating of the
sheep in my ears, and the lowing of the oxen which I hear?"
15: Saul said, "They have brought them from the Amal'ekites;
for the people spared the best of the sheep and of the oxen, to
sacrifice to the Lord your God; and the rest we have utterly
16: Then Samuel said to Saul, "Stop! I will tell you what
the Lord said to me this night." And he said to him, "Say
17: And Samuel said, "Though you are little in your own
eyes, are you not the head of the tribes of Israel? The Lord anointed
you king over Israel.
18: And the Lord sent you on a mission, and said, `Go, utterly
destroy the sinners, the Amal'ekites, and fight against them until they
19: Why then did you not obey the voice of the Lord? Why did you
swoop on the spoil, and do what was evil in the sight of the Lord?"
20: And Saul said to Samuel, "I have obeyed the voice of the
Lord, I have gone on the mission on which the Lord sent me, I have
brought Agag the king of Am'alek, and I have utterly destroyed the
21: But the people took of the spoil, sheep and oxen, the best of
the things devoted to destruction, to sacrifice to the Lord your God in
22: And Samuel said, "Has the Lord as great delight in burnt
offerings and sacrifices, as in obeying the voice of the Lord? Behold,
to obey is better than sacrifice, and to hearken than the fat of rams.
23: For rebellion is as the sin of divination, and stubbornness
is as iniquity and idolatry. Because you have rejected the word of the
Lord, he has also rejected you from being king."
24: And Saul said to Samuel, "I have sinned; for I have
transgressed the commandment of the Lord and your words, because I
feared the people and obeyed their voice.
25: Now therefore, I pray, pardon my sin, and return with me,
that I may worship the Lord."
26: And Samuel said to Saul, "I will not return with you;
for you have rejected the word of the Lord, and the Lord has rejected
you from being king over Israel."
27: As Samuel turned to go away, Saul laid hold upon the skirt of
his robe, and it tore.
28: And Samuel said to him, "The Lord has torn the kingdom
of Israel from you this day, and has given it to a neighbor of yours,
who is better than you.
29: And also the Glory of Israel will not lie or repent; for He
is not a man, that he should repent."
30: Then he said, "I have sinned; yet honor me now before
the elders of my people and before Israel, and return with me, that I
may worship the Lord your God."
31: So Samuel turned back after Saul; and Saul worshiped the
32: Then Samuel said, "Bring here to me Agag the king of the
Amal'ekites." And Agag came to him cheerfully. Agag said,
"Surely the bitterness of death is past."
33: And Samuel said, "As your sword has made women
childless, so shall your mother be childless among women." And
Samuel hewed Agag in pieces before the Lord in Gilgal.
34: Then Samuel went to Ramah; and Saul went up to his house in
Gib'e-ah of Saul.
35: And Samuel did not see Saul again until the day of his death,
but Samuel grieved over Saul. And the Lord repented that he had made
Saul king over Israel.
1: The Lord said to Samuel, "How long will you grieve over
Saul, seeing I have rejected him from being king over Israel? Fill your
horn with oil, and go; I will send you to Jesse the Bethlehemite, for I
have provided for myself a king among his sons."
2: And Samuel said, "How can I go? If Saul hears it, he will
kill me." And the Lord said, "Take a heifer with you, and say,
`I have come to sacrifice to the Lord.'
3: And invite Jesse to the sacrifice, and I will show you what
you shall do; and you shall anoint for me him whom I name to you."
4: Samuel did what the Lord commanded, and came to Bethlehem. The
elders of the city came to meet him trembling, and said, "Do you
5: And he said, "Peaceably; I have come to sacrifice to the
Lord; consecrate yourselves, and come with me to the sacrifice."
And he consecrated Jesse and his sons, and invited them to the
6: When they came, he looked on Eli'ab and thought, "Surely
the Lord's anointed is before him."
7: But the Lord said to Samuel, "Do not look on his
appearance or on the height of his stature, because I have rejected him;
for the Lord sees not as man sees; man looks on the outward appearance,
but the Lord looks on the heart."
8: Then Jesse called Abin'adab, and made him pass before Samuel.
And he said, "Neither has the Lord chosen this one."
9: Then Jesse made Shammah pass by. And he said, "Neither
has the Lord chosen this one."
10: And Jesse made seven of his sons pass before Samuel. And
Samuel said to Jesse, "The Lord has not chosen these."
11: And Samuel said to Jesse, "Are all your sons here?"
And he said, "There remains yet the youngest, but behold, he is
keeping the sheep." And Samuel said to Jesse, "Send and fetch
him; for we will not sit down till he comes here."
12: And he sent, and brought him in. Now he was ruddy, and had
beautiful eyes, and was handsome. And the Lord said, "Arise, anoint
him; for this is he."
13: Then Samuel took the horn of oil, and anointed him in the
midst of his brothers; and the Spirit of the Lord came mightily upon
David from that day forward. And Samuel rose up, and went to Ramah.
14: Now the Spirit of the Lord departed from Saul, and an evil
spirit from the Lord tormented him.
15: And Saul's servants said to him, "Behold now, an evil
spirit from God is tormenting you.
16: Let our lord now command your servants, who are before you,
to seek out a man who is skilful in playing the lyre; and when the evil
spirit from God is upon you, he will play it, and you will be
17: So Saul said to his servants, "Provide for me a man who
can play well, and bring him to me."
18: One of the young men answered, "Behold, I have seen a
son of Jesse the Bethlehemite, who is skilful in playing, a man of
valor, a man of war, prudent in speech, and a man of good presence; and
the Lord is with him."
19: Therefore Saul sent messengers to Jesse, and said, "Send
me David your son, who is with the sheep."
20: And Jesse took an ass laden with bread, and a skin of wine
and a kid, and sent them by David his son to Saul.
21: And David came to Saul, and entered his service. And Saul
loved him greatly, and he became his armor-bearer.
22: And Saul sent to Jesse, saying, "Let David remain in my
service, for he has found favor in my sight."
23: And whenever the evil spirit from God was upon Saul, David
took the lyre and played it with his hand; so Saul was refreshed, and
was well, and the evil spirit departed from him.
1: Now the Philistines gathered their armies for battle; and they
were gathered at Socoh, which belongs to Judah, and encamped between
Socoh and Aze'kah, in E'phes-dam'mim.
2: And Saul and the men of Israel were gathered, and encamped in
the valley of Elah, and drew up in line of battle against the
3: And the Philistines stood on the mountain on the one side, and
Israel stood on the mountain on the other side, with a valley between
4: And there came out from the camp of the Philistines a champion
named Goliath, of Gath, whose height was six cubits and a span.
5: He had a helmet of bronze on his head, and he was armed with a
coat of mail, and the weight of the coat was five thousand shekels of
6: And he had greaves of bronze upon his legs, and a javelin of
bronze slung between his shoulders.
7: And the shaft of his spear was like a weaver's beam, and his
spear's head weighed six hundred shekels of iron; and his shield-bearer
went before him.
8: He stood and shouted to the ranks of Israel, "Why have
you come out to draw up for battle? Am I not a Philistine, and are you
not servants of Saul? Choose a man for yourselves, and let him come down
9: If he is able to fight with me and kill me, then we will be
your servants; but if I prevail against him and kill him, then you shall
be our servants and serve us."
10: And the Philistine said, "I defy the ranks of Israel
this day; give me a man, that we may fight together."
11: When Saul and all Israel heard these words of the Philistine,
they were dismayed and greatly afraid.
12: Now David was the son of an Eph'rathite of Bethlehem in
Judah, named Jesse, who had eight sons. In the days
of Saul the man was already old and advanced in years.
The three eldest sons of Jesse had followed Saul to the
battle; and the names of his three sons who went to the battle were
Eli'ab the first-born, and next to him Abin'adab, and the third Shammah.
14: David was the youngest; the three eldest followed Saul,
15: but David went back and forth from Saul to feed his father's
sheep at Bethlehem.
16: For forty days the Philistine came forward and took his
stand, morning and evening.
And Jesse said to David his son, "Take for your brothers
an ephah of this parched grain, and these ten loaves, and carry them
quickly to the camp to your brothers;
18: also take these ten cheeses to the commander of their
thousand. See how your brothers fare, and bring some token from
19: Now Saul, and they, and all the men of Israel, were in the
valley of Elah, fighting with the Philistines.
20: And David rose early in the morning, and left the sheep with
a keeper, and took the provisions, and went, as Jesse had commanded him;
and he came to the encampment as the host was going forth to the battle
line, shouting the war cry.
And Israel and the Philistines drew up for battle, army
22: And David left the things in charge of the keeper of the
baggage, and ran to the ranks, and went and greeted his brothers.
23: As he talked with them, behold, the champion, the Philistine
of Gath, Goliath by name, came up out of the ranks of the Philistines,
and spoke the same words as before. And David heard him.
24: All the men of Israel, when they saw the man, fled from him,
and were much afraid.
25: And the men of Israel said, "Have you seen this man who
has come up? Surely he has come up to defy Israel; and the man who kills
him, the king will enrich with great riches, and will give him his
daughter, and make his father's house free in Israel."
26: And David said to the men who stood by him, "What shall
be done for the man who kills this Philistine, and takes away the
reproach from Israel? For who is this uncircumcised Philistine, that he
should defy the armies of the living God?"
27: And the people answered him in the same way, "So shall
it be done to the man who kills him."
28: Now Eli'ab his eldest brother heard when he spoke to the men;
and Eli'ab's anger was kindled against David, and he said, "Why
have you come down? And with whom have you left those few sheep in the
wilderness? I know your presumption, and the evil of your heart; for you
have come down to see the battle."
29: And David said, "What have I done now? Was it not but a
And he turned away from him toward another, and spoke in the
same way; and the people answered him again as before.
31: When the words which David spoke were heard, they repeated
them before Saul; and he sent for him.
32: And David said to Saul, "Let no man's heart fail because
of him; your servant will go and fight with this Philistine."
33: And Saul said to David, "You are not able to go against
this Philistine to fight with him; for you are but a youth, and he has
been a man of war from his youth."
But David said to Saul, "Your servant used to keep sheep
for his father; and when there came a lion, or a bear, and took a lamb
from the flock,
35: I went after him and smote him and delivered it out of his
mouth; and if he arose against me, I caught him by his beard, and smote
him and killed him.
36: Your servant has killed both lions and bears; and this
uncircumcised Philistine shall be like one of them, seeing he has defied
the armies of the living God."
37: And David said, "The Lord who delivered me from the paw
of the lion and from the paw of the bear, will deliver me from the hand
of this Philistine." And Saul said to David, "Go, and the Lord
be with you!"
Then Saul clothed David with his armor; he put a helmet of
bronze on his head, and clothed him with a coat of mail.
39: And David girded his sword over his armor, and he tried in
vain to go, for he was not used to them. Then David said to Saul,
"I cannot go with these; for I am not used to them." And David
put them off.
40: Then he took his staff in his hand, and chose five smooth
stones from the brook, and put them in his shepherd's bag or wallet; his
sling was in his hand, and he drew near to the Philistine.
41: And the Philistine came on and drew near to David, with his
shield-bearer in front of him.
42: And when the Philistine looked, and saw David, he disdained
him; for he was but a youth, ruddy and comely in appearance.
And the Philistine said to David, "Am I a dog, that you
come to me with sticks?" And the Philistine cursed David by his
44: The Philistine said to David, "Come to me, and I will
give your flesh to the birds of the air and to the beasts of the
45: Then David said to the Philistine, "You come to me with
a sword and with a spear and with a javelin; but I come to you in the
name of the Lord of hosts, the God of the armies of Israel, whom you
46: This day the Lord will deliver you into my hand, and I will
strike you down, and cut off your head; and I will give the dead bodies
of the host of the Philistines this day to the birds of the air and to
the wild beasts of the earth; that all the earth may know that there is
a God in Israel,
and that all this assembly may know that the Lord saves not
with sword and spear; for the battle is the Lord's and he will give you
into our hand."
48: When the Philistine arose and came and drew near to meet
David, David ran quickly toward the battle line to meet the Philistine.
49: And David put his hand in his bag and took out a stone, and
slung it, and struck the Philistine on his forehead; the stone sank into
his forehead, and he fell on his face to the ground.
50: So David prevailed over the Philistine with a sling and with
a stone, and struck the Philistine, and killed him; there was no sword
in the hand of David.
51: Then David ran and stood over the Philistine, and took his
sword and drew it out of its sheath, and killed him, and cut off his
head with it. When the Philistines saw that their champion was dead,
52: And the men of Israel and Judah rose with a shout and pursued
the Philistines as far as Gath and the gates of Ekron, so that the
wounded Philistines fell on the way from Sha-ara'im as far as Gath and
53: And the Israelites came back from chasing the Philistines,
and they plundered their camp.
54: And David took the head of the Philistine and brought it to
Jerusalem; but he put his armor in his tent.
55: When Saul saw David go forth against the Philistine, he said
to Abner, the commander of the army, "Abner, whose son is this
youth?" And Abner said, "As your soul lives, O king, I cannot
And the king said, "Inquire whose son the stripling
57: And as David returned from the slaughter of the Philistine,
Abner took him, and brought him before Saul with the head of the
Philistine in his hand.
58: And Saul said to him, "Whose son are you, young
man?" And David answered, "I am the son of your servant Jesse
1: When he had finished speaking to Saul, the soul of Jonathan
was knit to the soul of David, and Jonathan loved him as his own soul.
2: And Saul took him that day, and would not let him return to
his father's house.
3: Then Jonathan made a covenant with David, because he loved him
as his own soul.
4: And Jonathan stripped himself of the robe that was upon him,
and gave it to David, and his armor, and even his sword and his bow and
5: And David went out and was successful wherever Saul sent him;
so that Saul set him over the men of war. And this was good in the sight
of all the people and also in the sight of Saul's servants.
6: As they were coming home, when David returned from slaying the
Philistine, the women came out of all the cities of Israel, singing and
dancing, to meet King Saul, with timbrels, with songs of joy, and with
instruments of music.
7: And the women sang to one another as they made merry,
"Saul has slain his thousands, and David his ten thousands."
8: And Saul was very angry, and this saying displeased him; he
said, "They have ascribed to David ten thousands, and to me they
have ascribed thousands; and what more can he have but the
9: And Saul eyed David from that day on.
10: And on the morrow an evil spirit from God rushed upon Saul,
and he raved within his house, while David was playing the lyre, as he
did day by day. Saul had his spear in his hand;
11: and Saul cast the spear, for he thought, "I will pin
David to the wall." But David evaded him twice.
12: Saul was afraid of David, because the Lord was with him but
had departed from Saul.
13: So Saul removed him from his presence, and made him a
commander of a thousand; and he went out and came in before the people.
14: And David had success in all his undertakings; for the Lord
was with him.
15: And when Saul saw that he had great success, he stood in awe
16: But all Israel and Judah loved David; for he went out and
came in before them.
17: Then Saul said to David, "Here is my elder daughter
Merab; I will give her to you for a wife; only be valiant for me and
fight the Lord's battles." For Saul thought, "Let not my hand
be upon him, but let the hand of the Philistines be upon him."
18: And David said to Saul, "Who am I, and who are my
kinsfolk, my father's family in Israel, that I should be son-in-law to
19: But at the time when Merab, Saul's daughter, should have been
given to David, she was given to A'driel the Meho'lathite for a wife.
20: Now Saul's daughter Michal loved David; and they told Saul,
and the thing pleased him.
21: Saul thought, "Let me give her to him, that she may be a
snare for him, and that the hand of the Philistines may be against
him." Therefore Saul said to David a second time, "You shall
now be my son-in-law."
22: And Saul commanded his servants, "Speak to David in
private and say, `Behold, the king has delight in you, and all his
servants love you; now then become the king's son-in-law.'"
23: And Saul's servants spoke those words in the ears of David.
And David said, "Does it seem to you a little thing to become the
king's son-in-law, seeing that I am a poor man and of no repute?"
24: And the servants of Saul told him, "Thus and so did
25: Then Saul said, "Thus shall you say to David, `The king
desires no marriage present except a hundred foreskins of the
Philistines, that he may be avenged of the king's enemies.'" Now
Saul thought to make David fall by the hand of the Philistines.
26: And when his servants told David these words, it pleased
David well to be the king's son-in-law. Before the time had expired,
27: David arose and went, along with his men, and killed two
hundred of the Philistines; and David brought their foreskins, which
were given in full number to the king, that he might become the king's
son-in-law. And Saul gave him his daughter Michal for a wife.
28: But when Saul saw and knew that the Lord was with David, and
that all Israel loved him,
29: Saul was still more afraid of David. So Saul was David's
30: Then the princes of the Philistines came out to battle, and
as often as they came out David had more success than all the servants
of Saul; so that his name was highly esteemed.
1: And Saul spoke to Jonathan his son and to all his servants,
that they should kill David. But Jonathan, Saul's son, delighted much in
2: And Jonathan told David, "Saul my father seeks to kill
you; therefore take heed to yourself in the morning, stay in a secret
place and hide yourself;
3: and I will go out and stand beside my father in the field
where you are, and I will speak to my father about you; and if I learn
anything I will tell you."
4: And Jonathan spoke well of David to Saul his father, and said
to him, "Let not the king sin against his servant David; because he
has not sinned against you, and because his deeds have been of good
service to you;
5: for he took his life in his hand and he slew the Philistine,
and the Lord wrought a great victory for all Israel. You saw it, and
rejoiced; why then will you sin against innocent blood by killing David
6: And Saul hearkened to the voice of Jonathan; Saul swore,
"As the Lord lives, he shall not be put to death."
7: And Jonathan called David, and Jonathan showed him all these
things. And Jonathan brought David to Saul, and he was in his presence
8: And there was war again; and David went out and fought with
the Philistines, and made a great slaughter among them, so that they
fled before him.
9: Then an evil spirit from the Lord came upon Saul, as he sat in
his house with his spear in his hand; and David was playing the lyre.
10: And Saul sought to pin David to the wall with the spear; but
he eluded Saul, so that he struck the spear into the wall. And David
fled, and escaped.
11: That night Saul sent messengers to David's house to watch
him, that he might kill him in the morning. But Michal, David's wife,
told him, "If you do not save your life tonight, tomorrow you will
12: So Michal let David down through the window; and he fled away
13: Michal took an image and laid it on the bed and put a pillow
of goats' hair at its head, and covered it with the clothes.
14: And when Saul sent messengers to take David, she said,
"He is sick."
15: Then Saul sent the messengers to see David, saying,
"Bring him up to me in the bed, that I may kill him."
16: And when the messengers came in, behold, the image was in the
bed, with the pillow of goats' hair at its head.
17: Saul said to Michal, "Why have you deceived me thus, and
let my enemy go, so that he has escaped?" And Michal answered Saul,
"He said to me, `Let me go; why should I kill you?'"
18: Now David fled and escaped, and he came to Samuel at Ramah,
and told him all that Saul had done to him. And he and Samuel went and
dwelt at Nai'oth.
19: And it was told Saul, "Behold, David is at Nai'oth in
20: Then Saul sent messengers to take David; and when they saw
the company of the prophets prophesying, and Samuel standing as head
over them, the Spirit of God came upon the messengers of Saul, and they
21: When it was told Saul, he sent other messengers, and they
also prophesied. And Saul sent messengers again the third time, and they
22: Then he himself went to Ramah, and came to the great well
that is in Secu; and he asked, "Where are Samuel and David?"
And one said, "Behold, they are at Nai'oth in Ramah."
23: And he went from there to Nai'oth in Ramah; and the Spirit of
God came upon him also, and as he went he prophesied, until he came to
Nai'oth in Ramah.
24: And he too stripped off his clothes, and he too prophesied
before Samuel, and lay naked all that day and all that night. Hence it
is said, "Is Saul also among the prophets?"
1: Then David fled from Nai'oth in Ramah, and came and said
before Jonathan, "What have I done? What is my guilt? And what is
my sin before your father, that he seeks my life?"
2: And he said to him, "Far from it! You shall not die.
Behold, my father does nothing either great or small without disclosing
it to me; and why should my father hide this from me? It is not
3: But David replied, "Your father knows well that I have
found favor in your eyes; and he thinks, `Let not Jonathan know this,
lest he be grieved.' But truly, as the Lord lives and as your soul
lives, there is but a step between me and death."
4: Then said Jonathan to David, "Whatever you say, I will do
5: David said to Jonathan, "Behold, tomorrow is the new
moon, and I should not fail to sit at table with the king; but let me
go, that I may hide myself in the field till the third day at evening.
6: If your father misses me at all, then say, `David earnestly
asked leave of me to run to Bethlehem his city; for there is a yearly
sacrifice there for all the family.'
7: If he says, `Good!' it will be well with your servant; but if
he is angry, then know that evil is determined by him.
8: Therefore deal kindly with your servant, for you have brought
your servant into a sacred covenant with you. But if there is guilt in
me, slay me yourself; for why should you bring me to your father?"
9: And Jonathan said, "Far be it from you! If I knew that it
was determined by my father that evil should come upon you, would I not
10: Then said David to Jonathan, "Who will tell me if your
father answers you roughly?"
11: And Jonathan said to David, "Come, let us go out into
the field." So they both went out into the field.
12: And Jonathan said to David, "The Lord, the God of
Israel, be witness! When I have sounded my father, about this time
tomorrow, or the third day, behold, if he is well disposed toward David,
shall I not then send and disclose it to you?
13: But should it please my father to do you harm, the Lord do so
to Jonathan, and more also, if I do not disclose it to you, and send you
away, that you may go in safety. May the Lord be with you, as he has
been with my father.
14: If I am still alive, show me the loyal love of the Lord, that
I may not die;
15: and do not cut off your loyalty from my house for ever. When
the Lord cuts off every one of the enemies of David from the face of the
16: let not the name of Jonathan be cut off from the house of
David. And may the Lord take vengeance on David's enemies."
17: And Jonathan made David swear again by his love for him; for
he loved him as he loved his own soul.
18: Then Jonathan said to him, "Tomorrow is the new moon;
and you will be missed, because your seat will be empty.
19: And on the third day you will be greatly missed; then go to
the place where you hid yourself when the matter was in hand, and remain
beside yonder stone heap.
20: And I will shoot three arrows to the side of it, as though I
shot at a mark.
21: And behold, I will send the lad, saying, `Go, find the
arrows.' If I say to the lad, `Look, the arrows are on this side of you,
take them,' then you are to come, for, as the Lord lives, it is safe for
you and there is no danger.
22: But if I say to the youth, `Look, the arrows are beyond you,'
then go; for the Lord has sent you away.
23: And as for the matter of which you and I have spoken, behold,
the Lord is between you and me for ever."
24: So David hid himself in the field; and when the new moon
came, the king sat down to eat food.
25: The king sat upon his seat, as at other times, upon the seat
by the wall; Jonathan sat opposite, and Abner sat by Saul's side, but
David's place was empty.
26: Yet Saul did not say anything that day; for he thought,
"Something has befallen him; he is not clean, surely he is not
27: But on the second day, the morrow after the new moon, David's
place was empty. And Saul said to Jonathan his son, "Why has not
the son of Jesse come to the meal, either yesterday or today?"
28: Jonathan answered Saul, "David earnestly asked leave of
me to go to Bethlehem;
29: he said, `Let me go; for our family holds a sacrifice in the
city, and my brother has commanded me to be there. So now, if I have
found favor in your eyes, let me get away, and see my brothers.' For
this reason he has not come to the king's table."
30: Then Saul's anger was kindled against Jonathan, and he said
to him, "You son of a perverse, rebellious woman, do I not know
that you have chosen the son of Jesse to your own shame, and to the
shame of your mother's nakedness?
31: For as long as the son of Jesse lives upon the earth, neither
you nor your kingdom shall be established. Therefore send and fetch him
to me, for he shall surely die."
32: Then Jonathan answered Saul his father, "Why should he
be put to death? What has he done?"
33: But Saul cast his spear at him to smite him; so Jonathan knew
that his father was determined to put David to death.
34: And Jonathan rose from the table in fierce anger and ate no
food the second day of the month, for he was grieved for David, because
his father had disgraced him.
35: In the morning Jonathan went out into the field to the
appointment with David, and with him a little lad.
36: And he said to his lad, "Run and find the arrows which I
shoot." As the lad ran, he shot an arrow beyond him.
37: And when the lad came to the place of the arrow which
Jonathan had shot, Jonathan called after the lad and said, "Is not
the arrow beyond you?"
38: And Jonathan called after the lad, "Hurry, make haste,
stay not." So Jonathan's lad gathered up the arrows, and came to
39: But the lad knew nothing; only Jonathan and David knew the
40: And Jonathan gave his weapons to his lad, and said to him,
"Go and carry them to the city."
41: And as soon as the lad had gone, David rose from beside the
stone heap and fell on his face to the ground, and bowed three times;
and they kissed one another, and wept with one another, until David
42: Then Jonathan said to David, "Go in peace, forasmuch as
we have sworn both of us in the name of the Lord, saying, `The Lord
shall be between me and you, and between my descendants and your
descendants, for ever.'" And he rose and departed; and Jonathan
went into the city.
1: Then came David to Nob to Ahim'elech the priest; and
Ahim'elech came to meet David trembling, and said to him, "Why are
you alone, and no one with you?"
2: And David said to Ahim'elech the priest, "The king has
charged me with a matter, and said to me, `Let no one know anything of
the matter about which I send you, and with which I have charged you.' I
have made an appointment with the young men for such and such a place.
3: Now then, what have you at hand? Give me five loaves of bread,
or whatever is here."
And the priest answered David, "I have no common bread at hand, but
there is holy bread; if only the young men have kept themselves from
5: And David answered the priest, "Of a truth women have
been kept from us as always when I go on an expedition; the vessels of
the young men are holy, even when it is a common journey; how much more
today will their vessels be holy?"
6: So the priest gave him the holy bread; for there was no bread
there but the bread of the Presence, which is removed from before the
Lord, to be replaced by hot bread on the day it is taken away.
7: Now a certain man of the servants of Saul was there that day,
detained before the Lord; his name was Do'eg the E'domite, the chief of
8: And David said to Ahim'elech, "And have you not here a
spear or a sword at hand? For I have brought neither my sword nor my
weapons with me, because the king's business required haste."
9: And the priest said, "The sword of Goliath the
Philistine, whom you killed in the valley of Elah, behold, it is here
wrapped in a cloth behind the ephod; if you will take that, take it, for
there is none but that here." And David said, "There is none
like that; give it to me."
10: And David rose and fled that day from Saul, and went to
A'chish the king of Gath.
11: And the servants of A'chish said to him, "Is not this
David the king of the land? Did they not sing to one another of him in
dances, `Saul has slain his thousands, and David his ten
12: And David took these words to heart, and was much afraid of
A'chish the king of Gath.
13: So he changed his behavior before them, and feigned himself
mad in their hands, and made marks on the doors of the gate, and let his
spittle run down his beard.
14: Then said A'chish to his servants, "Lo, you see the man
is mad; why then have you brought him to me?
15: Do I lack madmen, that you have brought this fellow to play
the madman in my presence? Shall this fellow come into my house?"
1: David departed from there and escaped to the cave of Adullam;
and when his brothers and all his father's house heard it, they went
down there to him.
2: And every one who was in distress, and every one who was in
debt, and every one who was discontented, gathered to him; and he became
captain over them. And there were with him about four hundred men.
3: And David went from there to Mizpeh of Moab; and he said to
the king of Moab, "Pray let my father and my mother stay with you,
till I know what God will do for me."
4: And he left them with the king of Moab, and they stayed with
him all the time that David was in the stronghold.
5: Then the prophet Gad said to David, "Do not remain in the
stronghold; depart, and go into the land of Judah." So David
departed, and went into the forest of Hereth.
6: Now Saul heard that David was discovered, and the men who were
with him. Saul was sitting at Gib'e-ah, under the tamarisk tree on the
height, with his spear in his hand, and all his servants were standing
7: And Saul said to his servants who stood about him, "Hear
now, you Benjaminites; will the son of Jesse give every one of you
fields and vineyards, will he make you all commanders of thousands and
commanders of hundreds,
8: that all of you have conspired against me? No one discloses to
me when my son makes a league with the son of Jesse, none of you is
sorry for me or discloses to me that my son has stirred up my servant
against me, to lie in wait, as at this day."
9: Then answered Do'eg the E'domite, who stood by the servants of
Saul, "I saw the son of Jesse coming to Nob, to Ahim'elech the son
10: and he inquired of the Lord for him, and gave him provisions,
and gave him the sword of Goliath the Philistine."
11: Then the king sent to summon Ahim'elech the priest, the son
of Ahi'tub, and all his father's house, the priests who were at Nob; and
all of them came to the king.
12: And Saul said, "Hear now, son of Ahi'tub." And he
answered, "Here I am, my lord."
13: And Saul said to him, "Why have you conspired against
me, you and the son of Jesse, in that you have given him bread and a
sword, and have inquired of God for him, so that he has risen against
me, to lie in wait, as at this day?"
14: Then Ahim'elech answered the king, "And who among all
your servants is so faithful as David, who is the king's son-in-law, and
captain over your bodyguard, and honored in your house?
15: Is today the first time that I have inquired of God for him?
No! Let not the king impute anything to his servant or to all the house
of my father; for your servant has known nothing of all this, much or
16: And the king said, "You shall surely die, Ahim'elech,
you and all your father's house."
17: And the king said to the guard who stood about him,
"Turn and kill the priests of the Lord; because their hand also is
with David, and they knew that he fled, and did not disclose it to
me." But the servants of the king would not put forth their hand to
fall upon the priests of the Lord.
18: Then the king said to Do'eg, "You turn and fall upon the
priests." And Do'eg the E'domite turned and fell upon the priests,
and he killed on that day eighty-five persons who wore the linen ephod.
19: And Nob, the city of the priests, he put to the sword; both
men and women, children and sucklings, oxen, asses and sheep, he put to
20: But one of the sons of Ahim'elech the son of Ahi'tub, named
Abi'athar, escaped and fled after David.
21: And Abi'athar told David that Saul had killed the priests of
22: And David said to Abi'athar, "I knew on that day, when
Do'eg the E'domite was there, that he would surely tell Saul. I have
occasioned the death of all the persons of your father's house.
23: Stay with me, fear not; for he that seeks my life seeks your
life; with me you shall be in safekeeping."
1: Now they told David, "Behold, the Philistines are
fighting against Kei'lah, and are robbing the threshing floors."
2: Therefore David inquired of the Lord, "Shall I go and
attack these Philistines?" And the Lord said to David, "Go and
attack the Philistines and save Kei'lah."
3: But David's men said to him, "Behold, we are afraid here
in Judah; how much more then if we go to Kei'lah against the armies of
4: Then David inquired of the Lord again. And the Lord answered
him, "Arise, go down to Kei'lah; for I will give the Philistines
into your hand."
5: And David and his men went to Kei'lah, and fought with the
Philistines, and brought away their cattle, and made a great slaughter
among them. So David delivered the inhabitants of Kei'lah.
6: When Abi'athar the son of Ahim'elech fled to David to Kei'lah,
he came down with an ephod in his hand.
7: Now it was told Saul that David had come to Kei'lah. And Saul
said, "God has given him into my hand; for he has shut himself in
by entering a town that has gates and bars."
8: And Saul summoned all the people to war, to go down to
Kei'lah, to besiege David and his men.
9: David knew that Saul was plotting evil against him; and he
said to Abi'athar the priest, "Bring the ephod here."
10: Then said David, "O Lord, the God of Israel, thy servant
has surely heard that Saul seeks to come to Kei'lah, to destroy the city
on my account.
11: Will the men of Kei'lah surrender me into his hand? Will Saul
come down, as thy servant has heard? O Lord, the God of Israel, I
beseech thee, tell thy servant." And the Lord said, "He will
12: Then said David, "Will the men of Kei'lah surrender me
and my men into the hand of Saul?" And the Lord said, "They
will surrender you."
13: Then David and his men, who were about six hundred, arose and
departed from Kei'lah, and they went wherever they could go. When Saul
was told that David had escaped from Kei'lah, he gave up the expedition.
14: And David remained in the strongholds in the wilderness, in
the hill country of the Wilderness of Ziph. And Saul sought him every
day, but God did not give him into his hand.
15: And David was afraid because Saul had come out to seek his
life. David was in the Wilderness of Ziph at Horesh.
16: And Jonathan, Saul's son, rose, and went to David at Horesh,
and strengthened his hand in God.
17: And he said to him, "Fear not; for the hand of Saul my
father shall not find you; you shall be king over Israel, and I shall be
next to you; Saul my father also knows this."
18: And the two of them made a covenant before the Lord; David
remained at Horesh, and Jonathan went home.
19: Then the Ziphites went up to Saul at Gib'e-ah, saying,
"Does not David hide among us in the strongholds at Horesh, on the
hill of Hachi'lah, which is south of Jeshi'mon?
20: Now come down, O king, according to all your heart's desire
to come down; and our part shall be to surrender him into the king's
21: And Saul said, "May you be blessed by the Lord; for you
have had compassion on me.
22: Go, make yet more sure; know and see the place where his
haunt is, and who has seen him there; for it is told me that he is very
23: See therefore, and take note of all the lurking places where
he hides, and come back to me with sure information. Then I will go with
you; and if he is in the land, I will search him out among all the
thousands of Judah."
24: And they arose, and went to Ziph ahead of Saul. Now David and
his men were in the wilderness of Ma'on, in the Arabah to the south of
25: And Saul and his men went to seek him. And David was told;
therefore he went down to the rock which is in the wilderness of Ma'on.
And when Saul heard that, he pursued after David in the wilderness of
26: Saul went on one side of the mountain, and David and his men
on the other side of the mountain; and David was making haste to get
away from Saul, as Saul and his men were closing in upon David and his
men to capture them,
27: when a messenger came to Saul, saying, "Make haste and
come; for the Philistines have made a raid upon the land."
28: So Saul returned from pursuing after David, and went against
the Philistines; therefore that place was called the Rock of Escape.
29: And David went up from there, and dwelt in the strongholds of
1: When Saul returned from following the Philistines, he was
told, "Behold, David is in the wilderness of En-ge'di."
2: Then Saul took three thousand chosen men out of all Israel,
and went to seek David and his men in front of the Wildgoats' Rocks.
3: And he came to the sheepfolds by the way, where there was a
cave; and Saul went in to relieve himself. Now David and his men were
sitting in the innermost parts of the cave.
4: And the men of David said to him, "Here is the day of
which the Lord said to you, `Behold, I will give your enemy into your
hand, and you shall do to him as it shall seem good to you.'" Then
David arose and stealthily cut off the skirt of Saul's robe.
5: And afterward David's heart smote him, because he had cut off
6: He said to his men, "The Lord forbid that I should do
this thing to my lord, the Lord's anointed, to put forth my hand against
him, seeing he is the Lord's anointed."
7: So David persuaded his men with these words, and did not
permit them to attack Saul. And Saul rose up and left the cave, and went
upon his way.
8: Afterward David also arose, and went out of the cave, and
called after Saul, "My lord the king!" And when Saul looked
behind him, David bowed with his face to the earth, and did obeisance.
9: And David said to Saul, "Why do you listen to the words
of men who say, `Behold, David seeks your hurt'?
10: Lo, this day your eyes have seen how the Lord gave you today
into my hand in the cave; and some bade me kill you, but I spared you. I
said, `I will not put forth my hand against my lord; for he is the
11: See, my father, see the skirt of your robe in my hand; for by
the fact that I cut off the skirt of your robe, and did not kill you,
you may know and see that there is no wrong or treason in my hands. I
have not sinned against you, though you hunt my life to take it.
12: May the Lord judge between me and you, may the Lord avenge me
upon you; but my hand shall not be against you.
13: As the proverb of the ancients says, `Out of the wicked comes
forth wickedness'; but my hand shall not be against you.
14: After whom has the king of Israel come out? After whom do you
pursue? After a dead dog! After a flea!
15: May the Lord therefore be judge, and give sentence between me
and you, and see to it, and plead my cause, and deliver me from your
16: When David had finished speaking these words to Saul, Saul
said, "Is this your voice, my son David?" And Saul lifted up
his voice and wept.
17: He said to David, "You are more righteous than I; for
you have repaid me good, whereas I have repaid you evil.
18: And you have declared this day how you have dealt well with
me, in that you did not kill me when the Lord put me into your hands.
19: For if a man finds his enemy, will he let him go away safe?
So may the Lord reward you with good for what you have done to me this
20: And now, behold, I know that you shall surely be king, and
that the kingdom of Israel shall be established in your hand.
21: Swear to me therefore by the Lord that you will not cut off
my descendants after me, and that you will not destroy my name out of my
22: And David swore this to Saul. Then Saul went home; but David
and his men went up to the stronghold.
1: Now Samuel died; and all Israel assembled and mourned for him,
and they buried him in his house at Ramah. Then David rose and went down
to the wilderness of Paran.
2: And there was a man in Ma'on, whose business was in Carmel.
The man was very rich; he had three thousand sheep and a thousand goats.
He was shearing his sheep in Carmel.
3: Now the name of the man was Nabal, and the name of his wife
Ab'igail. The woman was of good understanding and beautiful, but the man
was churlish and ill-behaved; he was a Calebite.
4: David heard in the wilderness that Nabal was shearing his
5: So David sent ten young men; and David said to the young men,
"Go up to Carmel, and go to Nabal, and greet him in my name.
6: And thus you shall salute him: `Peace be to you, and peace be
to your house, and peace be to all that you have.
7: I hear that you have shearers; now your shepherds have been
with us, and we did them no harm, and they missed nothing, all the time
they were in Carmel.
8: Ask your young men, and they will tell you. Therefore let my
young men find favor in your eyes; for we come on a feast day. Pray,
give whatever you have at hand to your servants and to your son
9: When David's young men came, they said all this to Nabal in
the name of David; and then they waited.
10: And Nabal answered David's servants, "Who is David? Who
is the son of Jesse? There are many servants nowadays who are breaking
away from their masters.
11: Shall I take my bread and my water and my meat that I have
killed for my shearers, and give it to men who come from I do not know
12: So David's young men turned away, and came back and told him
13: And David said to his men, "Every man gird on his
sword!" And every man of them girded on his sword; David also
girded on his sword; and about four hundred men went up after David,
while two hundred remained with the baggage.
14: But one of the young men told Ab'igail, Nabal's wife,
"Behold, David sent messengers out of the wilderness to salute our
master; and he railed at them.
15: Yet the men were very good to us, and we suffered no harm,
and we did not miss anything when we were in the fields, as long as we
went with them;
16: they were a wall to us both by night and by day, all the
while we were with them keeping the sheep.
17: Now therefore know this and consider what you should do; for
evil is determined against our master and against all his house, and he
is so ill-natured that one cannot speak to him."
18: Then Ab'igail made haste, and took two hundred loaves, and
two skins of wine, and five sheep ready dressed, and five measures of
parched grain, and a hundred clusters of raisins, and two hundred cakes
of figs, and laid them on asses.
19: And she said to her young men, "Go on before me; behold,
I come after you." But she did not tell her husband Nabal.
20: And as she rode on the ass, and came down under cover of the
mountain, behold, David and his men came down toward her; and she met
21: Now David had said, "Surely in vain have I guarded all
that this fellow has in the wilderness, so that nothing was missed of
all that belonged to him; and he has returned me evil for good.
22: God do so to David and more also, if by morning I leave so
much as one male of all who belong to him."
23: When Ab'igail saw David, she made haste, and alighted from
the ass, and fell before David on her face, and bowed to the ground.
24: She fell at his feet and said, "Upon me alone, my lord,
be the guilt; pray let your handmaid speak in your ears, and hear the
words of your handmaid.
25: Let not my lord regard this ill-natured fellow, Nabal; for as
his name is, so is he; Nabal is his name, and folly is with him; but I
your handmaid did not see the young men of my lord, whom you sent.
26: Now then, my lord, as the Lord lives, and as your soul lives,
seeing the Lord has restrained you from bloodguilt, and from taking
vengeance with your own hand, now then let your enemies and those who
seek to do evil to my lord be as Nabal.
27: And now let this present which your servant has brought to my
lord be given to the young men who follow my lord.
28: Pray forgive the trespass of your handmaid; for the Lord will
certainly make my lord a sure house, because my lord is fighting the
battles of the Lord; and evil shall not be found in you so long as you
29: If men rise up to pursue you and to seek your life, the life
of my lord shall be bound in the bundle of the living in the care of the
Lord your God; and the lives of your enemies he shall sling out as from
the hollow of a sling.
30: And when the Lord has done to my lord according to all the
good that he has spoken concerning you, and has appointed you prince
31: my lord shall have no cause of grief, or pangs of conscience,
for having shed blood without cause or for my lord taking vengeance
himself. And when the Lord has dealt well with my lord, then remember
32: And David said to Ab'igail, "Blessed be the Lord, the
God of Israel, who sent you this day to meet me!
33: Blessed be your discretion, and blessed be you, who have kept
me this day from bloodguilt and from avenging myself with my own hand!
34: For as surely as the Lord the God of Israel lives, who has
restrained me from hurting you, unless you had made haste and come to
meet me, truly by morning there had not been left to Nabal so much as
35: Then David received from her hand what she had brought him;
and he said to her, "Go up in peace to your house; see, I have
hearkened to your voice, and I have granted your petition."
36: And Ab'igail came to Nabal; and, lo, he was holding a feast
in his house, like the feast of a king. And Nabal's heart was merry
within him, for he was very drunk; so she told him nothing at all until
the morning light.
37: And in the morning, when the wine had gone out of Nabal, his
wife told him these things, and his heart died within him, and he became
as a stone.
38: And about ten days later the Lord smote Nabal; and he died.
39: When David heard that Nabal was dead, he said, "Blessed
be the Lord who has avenged the insult I received at the hand of Nabal,
and has kept back his servant from evil; the Lord has returned the
evil-doing of Nabal upon his own head." Then David sent and wooed
Ab'igail, to make her his wife.
40: And when the servants of David came to Ab'igail at Carmel,
they said to her, "David has sent us to you to take you to him as
41: And she rose and bowed with her face to the ground, and said,
"Behold, your handmaid is a servant to wash the feet of the
servants of my lord."
42: And Ab'igail made haste and rose and mounted on an ass, and
her five maidens attended her; she went after the messengers of David,
and became his wife.
43: David also took Ahin'o-am of Jezreel; and both of them became
44: Saul had given Michal his daughter, David's wife, to Palti
the son of La'ish, who was of Gallim.
1: Then the Ziphites came to Saul at Gib'e-ah, saying, "Is
not David hiding himself on the hill of Hachi'lah, which is on the east
2: So Saul arose and went down to the wilderness of Ziph, with
three thousand chosen men of Israel, to seek David in the wilderness of
3: And Saul encamped on the hill of Hachi'lah, which is beside
the road on the east of Jeshi'mon. But David remained in the wilderness;
and when he saw that Saul came after him into the wilderness,
4: David sent out spies, and learned of a certainty that Saul had
5: Then David rose and came to the place where Saul had encamped;
and David saw the place where Saul lay, with Abner the son of Ner, the
commander of his army; Saul was lying within the encampment, while the
army was encamped around him.
6: Then David said to Ahim'elech the Hittite, and to Jo'ab's
brother Abi'shai the son of Zeru'iah, "Who will go down with me
into the camp to Saul?" And Abi'shai said, "I will go down
7: So David and Abi'shai went to the army by night; and there lay
Saul sleeping within the encampment, with his spear stuck in the ground
at his head; and Abner and the army lay around him.
8: Then said Abi'shai to David, "God has given your enemy
into your hand this day; now therefore let me pin him to the earth with
one stroke of the spear, and I will not strike him twice."
9: But David said to Abi'shai, "Do not destroy him; for who
can put forth his hand against the Lord's anointed, and be
10: And David said, "As the Lord lives, the Lord will smite
him; or his day shall come to die; or he shall go down into battle and
11: The Lord forbid that I should put forth my hand against the Lord's
anointed; but take now the spear that is at his head, and the jar
of water, and let us go."
12: So David took the spear and the jar of water from Saul's
head; and they went away. No man saw it, or knew it, nor did any awake;
for they were all asleep, because a deep sleep from the Lord had fallen
13: Then David went over to the other side, and stood afar off on
the top of the mountain, with a great space between them;
14: and David called to the army, and to Abner the son of Ner,
saying, "Will you not answer, Abner?" Then Abner answered,
"Who are you that calls to the king?"
15: And David said to Abner, "Are you not a man? Who is like
you in Israel? Why then have you not kept watch over your lord the king?
For one of the people came in to destroy the king your lord.
16: This thing that you have done is not good. As the Lord lives,
you deserve to die, because you have not kept watch over your lord, the
Lord's anointed. And now see where the king's spear is, and the jar of
water that was at his head."
17: Saul recognized David's voice, and said, "Is this your
voice, my son David?" And David said, "It is my voice, my
lord, O king."
18: And he said, "Why does my lord pursue after his servant?
For what have I done? What guilt is on my hands?
19: Now therefore let my lord the king hear the words of his
servant. If it is the Lord who has stirred you up against me, may he
accept an offering; but if it is men, may they be cursed before the
Lord, for they have driven me out this day that I should have no share
in the heritage of the Lord, saying, `Go, serve other gods.'
20: Now therefore, let not my blood fall to the earth away from
the presence of the Lord; for the king of Israel has come out to seek my
life, like one who hunts a partridge in the mountains."
21: Then Saul said, "I have done wrong; return, my son
David, for I will no more do you harm, because my life was precious in
your eyes this day; behold, I have played the fool, and have erred
22: And David made answer, "Here is the spear, O king! Let
one of the young men come over and fetch it.
23: The Lord rewards every man for his righteousness and his
faithfulness; for the Lord gave you into my hand today, and I would not
put forth my hand against the Lord's anointed.
24: Behold, as your life was precious this day in my sight, so
may my life be precious in the sight of the Lord, and may he deliver me
out of all tribulation."
25: Then Saul said to David, "Blessed be you, my son David!
You will do many things and will succeed in them." So David went
his way, and Saul returned to his place
1: And David said in his heart, "I shall now perish one day
by the hand of Saul; there is nothing better for me than that I should
escape to the land of the Philistines; then Saul will despair of seeking
me any longer within the borders of Israel, and I shall escape out of
2: So David arose and went over, he and the six hundred men who
were with him, to A'chish the son of Ma'och, king of Gath.
3: And David dwelt with A'chish at Gath, he and his men, every
man with his household, and David with his two wives, Ahin'o-am of
Jezreel, and Ab'igail of Carmel, Nabal's widow.
4: And when it was told Saul that David had fled to Gath, he
sought for him no more.
5: Then David said to A'chish, "If I have found favor in
your eyes, let a place be given me in one of the country towns, that I
may dwell there; for why should your servant dwell in the royal city
6: So that day A'chish gave him Ziklag; therefore Ziklag has
belonged to the kings of Judah to this day.
7: And the number of the days that David dwelt in the country of
the Philistines was a year and four months.
8: Now David and his men went up, and made raids upon the
Gesh'urites, the Gir'zites, and the Amal'ekites; for these were the
inhabitants of the land from of old, as far as Shur, to the land of
9: And David smote the land, and left neither man nor woman
alive, but took away the sheep, the oxen, the asses, the camels, and the
garments, and came back to A'chish.
10: When A'chish asked, "Against whom have you made a raid
today?" David would say, "Against the Negeb of Judah," or
"Against the Negeb of the Jerah'meelites," or, "Against
the Negeb of the Ken'ites."
11: And David saved neither man nor woman alive, to bring tidings
to Gath, thinking, "Lest they should tell about us, and say, `So
David has done.'" Such was his custom all the while he dwelt in the
country of the Philistines.
12: And A'chish trusted David, thinking, "He has made
himself utterly abhorred by his people Israel; therefore he shall be my
1: In those days the Philistines gathered their forces for war,
to fight against Israel. And A'chish said to David, "Understand
that you and your men are to go out with me in the army."
2: David said to A'chish, "Very well, you shall know what
your servant can do." And A'chish said to David, "Very well, I
will make you my bodyguard for life."
3: Now Samuel had died, and all Israel had mourned for him and
buried him in Ramah, his own city. And Saul had put the mediums and the
wizards out of the land.
4: The Philistines assembled, and came and encamped at Shunem;
and Saul gathered all Israel, and they encamped at Gilbo'a.
5: When Saul saw the army of the Philistines, he was afraid, and
his heart trembled greatly.
6: And when Saul inquired of the Lord, the Lord did not answer
him, either by dreams, or by Urim, or by prophets.
7: Then Saul said to his servants, "Seek out for me a woman
who is a medium, that I may go to her and inquire of her." And his
servants said to him, "Behold, there is a medium at Endor."
8: So Saul disguised himself and put on other garments, and went,
he and two men with him; and they came to the woman by night. And he
said, "Divine for me by a spirit, and bring up for me whomever I
shall name to you."
9: The woman said to him, "Surely you know what Saul has
done, how he has cut off the mediums and the wizards from the land. Why
then are you laying a snare for my life to bring about my death?"
10: But Saul swore to her by the Lord, "As the Lord lives,
no punishment shall come upon you for this thing."
11: Then the woman said, "Whom shall I bring up for
you?" He said, "Bring up Samuel for me."
12: When the woman saw Samuel, she cried out with a loud voice;
and the woman said to Saul, "Why have you deceived me? You are
13: The king said to her, "Have no fear; what do you
see?" And the woman said to Saul, "I see a god coming up out
of the earth."
14: He said to her, "What is his appearance?" And she
said, "An old man is coming up; and he is wrapped in a robe."
And Saul knew that it was Samuel, and he bowed with his face to the
ground, and did obeisance.
15: Then Samuel said to Saul, "Why have you disturbed me by
bringing me up?" Saul answered, "I am in great distress; for
the Philistines are warring against me, and God has turned away from me
and answers me no more, either by prophets or by dreams; therefore I
have summoned you to tell me what I shall do."
16: And Samuel said, "Why then do you ask me, since the Lord
has turned from you and become your enemy?
17: The Lord has done to you as he spoke by me; for the Lord has
torn the kingdom out of your hand, and given it to your neighbor, David.
18: Because you did not obey the voice of the Lord, and did not
carry out his fierce wrath against Am'alek, therefore the Lord has done
this thing to you this day.
19: Moreover the Lord will give Israel also with you into the
hand of the Philistines; and tomorrow you and your sons shall be with
me; the Lord will give the army of Israel also into the hand of the
20: Then Saul fell at once full length upon the ground, filled
with fear because of the words of Samuel; and there was no strength in
him, for he had eaten nothing all day and all night.
21: And the woman came to Saul, and when she saw that he was
terrified, she said to him, "Behold, your handmaid has hearkened to
you; I have taken my life in my hand, and have hearkened to what you
have said to me.
22: Now therefore, you also hearken to your handmaid; let me set
a morsel of bread before you; and eat, that you may have strength when
you go on your way."
23: He refused, and said, "I will not eat." But his
servants, together with the woman, urged him; and he hearkened to their
words. So he arose from the earth, and sat upon the bed.
24: Now the woman had a fatted calf in the house, and she quickly
killed it, and she took flour, and kneaded it and baked unleavened bread
25: and she put it before Saul and his servants; and they ate.
Then they rose and went away that night.
1: Now the Philistines gathered all their forces at Aphek; and
the Israelites were encamped by the fountain which is in Jezreel.
2: As the lords of the Philistines were passing on by hundreds
and by thousands, and David and his men were passing on in the rear with
3: the commanders of the Philistines said, "What are these
Hebrews doing here?" And A'chish said to the commanders of the
Philistines, "Is not this David, the servant of Saul, king of
Israel, who has been with me now for days and years, and since he
deserted to me I have found no fault in him to this day."
4: But the commanders of the Philistines were angry with him; and
the commanders of the Philistines said to him, "Send the man back,
that he may return to the place to which you have assigned him; he shall
not go down with us to battle, lest in the battle he become an adversary
to us. For how could this fellow reconcile himself to his lord? Would it
not be with the heads of the men here?
5: Is not this David, of whom they sing to one another in dances,
`Saul has slain his thousands, and David his ten thousands'?"
6: Then A'chish called David and said to him, "As the Lord
lives, you have been honest, and to me it seems right that you should
march out and in with me in the campaign; for I have found nothing wrong
in you from the day of your coming to me to this day. Nevertheless the
lords do not approve of you.
7: So go back now; and go peaceably, that you may not displease
the lords of the Philistines."
8: And David said to A'chish, "But what have I done? What
have you found in your servant from the day I entered your service until
now, that I may not go and fight against the enemies of my lord the
9: And A'chish made answer to David, "I know that you are as
blameless in my sight as an angel of God; nevertheless the commanders of
the Philistines have said, `He shall not go up with us to the battle.'
10: Now then rise early in the morning with the servants of your
lord who came with you; and start early in the morning, and depart as
soon as you have light."
11: So David set out with his men early in the morning, to return
to the land of the Philistines. But the Philistines went up to Jezreel.
1: Now when David and his men came to Ziklag on the third day,
the Amal'ekites had made a raid upon the Negeb and upon Ziklag. They had
overcome Ziklag, and burned it with fire,
2: and taken captive the women and all who were in it, both small
and great; they killed no one, but carried them off, and went their way.
3: And when David and his men came to the city, they found it
burned with fire, and their wives and sons and daughters taken captive.
4: Then David and the people who were with him raised their
voices and wept, until they had no more strength to weep.
5: David's two wives also had been taken captive, Ahin'o-am of
Jezreel, and Ab'igail the widow of Nabal of Carmel.
6: And David was greatly distressed; for the people spoke of
stoning him, because all the people were bitter in soul, each for his
sons and daughters. But David strengthened himself in the Lord his God.
7: And David said to Abi'athar the priest, the son of Ahim'elech,
"Bring me the ephod." So Abi'athar brought the ephod to David.
8: And David inquired of the Lord, "Shall I pursue after
this band? Shall I overtake them?" He answered him, "Pursue;
for you shall surely overtake and shall surely rescue."
9: So David set out, and the six hundred men who were with him,
and they came to the brook Besor, where those stayed who were left
10: But David went on with the pursuit, he and four hundred men;
two hundred stayed behind, who were too exhausted to cross the brook
11: They found an Egyptian in the open country, and brought him
to David; and they gave him bread and he ate, they gave him water to
12: and they gave him a piece of a cake of figs and two clusters
of raisins. And when he had eaten, his spirit revived; for he had not
eaten bread or drunk water for three days and three nights.
13: And David said to him, "To whom do you belong? And where
are you from?" He said, "I am a young man of Egypt, servant to
an Amal'ekite; and my master left me behind because I fell sick three
14: We had made a raid upon the Negeb of the Cher'ethites and
upon that which belongs to Judah and upon the Negeb of Caleb; and we
burned Ziklag with fire."
15: And David said to him, "Will you take me down to this
band?" And he said, "Swear to me by God, that you will not
kill me, or deliver me into the hands of my master, and I will take you
down to this band."
16: And when he had taken him down, behold, they were spread
abroad over all the land, eating and drinking and dancing, because of
all the great spoil they had taken from the land of the Philistines and
from the land of Judah.
17: And David smote them from twilight until the evening of the
next day; and not a man of them escaped, except four hundred young men,
who mounted camels and fled.
18: David recovered all that the Amal'ekites had taken; and David
rescued his two wives.
19: Nothing was missing, whether small or great, sons or
daughters, spoil or anything that had been taken; David brought back
20: David also captured all the flocks and herds; and the people
drove those cattle before him, and said, "This is David's
21: Then David came to the two hundred men, who had been too
exhausted to follow David, and who had been left at the brook Besor; and
they went out to meet David and to meet the people who were with him;
and when David drew near to the people he saluted them.
22: Then all the wicked and base fellows among the men who had
gone with David said, "Because they did not go with us, we will not
give them any of the spoil which we have recovered, except that each man
may lead away his wife and children, and depart."
23: But David said, "You shall not do so, my brothers, with
what the Lord has given us; he has preserved us and given into our hand
the band that came against us.
24: Who would listen to you in this matter? For as his share is
who goes down into the battle, so shall his share be who stays by the
baggage; they shall share alike."
25: And from that day forward he made it a statute and an
ordinance for Israel to this day.
26: When David came to Ziklag, he sent part of the spoil to his
friends, the elders of Judah, saying, "Here is a present for you
from the spoil of the enemies of the Lord";
27: it was for those in Bethel, in Ramoth of the Negeb, in
28: in Aro'er, in Siphmoth, in Eshtemo'a,
29: in Racal, in the cities of the Jerah'meelites, in the cities
of the Ken'ites,
30: in Hormah, in Borash'an, in A'thach,
31: in Hebron, for all the places where David and his men had
1: Now the Philistines fought against Israel; and the men of
Israel fled before the Philistines, and fell slain on Mount Gilbo'a.
2: And the Philistines overtook Saul and his sons; and the
Philistines slew Jonathan and Abin'adab and Mal'chishu'a, the sons of
3: The battle pressed hard upon Saul, and the archers found him;
and he was badly wounded by the archers.
4: Then Saul said to his armor-bearer, "Draw your sword, and
thrust me through with it, lest these uncircumcised come and thrust me
through, and make sport of me." But his armor-bearer would not; for
he feared greatly. Therefore Saul took his own sword, and fell upon it.
5: And when his armor-bearer saw that Saul was dead, he also fell
upon his sword, and died with him.
6: Thus Saul died, and his three sons, and his armor-bearer, and
all his men, on the same day together.
7: And when the men of Israel who were on the other side of the
valley and those beyond the Jordan saw that the men of Israel had fled
and that Saul and his sons were dead, they forsook their cities and
fled; and the Philistines came and dwelt in them.
8: On the morrow, when the Philistines came to strip the slain,
they found Saul and his three sons fallen on Mount Gilbo'a.
9: And they cut off his head, and stripped off his armor, and
sent messengers throughout the land of the Philistines, to carry the
good news to their idols and to the people.
10: They put his armor in the temple of ash'taroth; and they
fastened his body to the wall of Beth-shan.
11: But when the inhabitants of Ja'besh-gil'ead heard what the
Philistines had done to Saul,
12: all the valiant men arose, and went all night, and took the
body of Saul and the bodies of his sons from the wall of Beth-shan; and
they came to Jabesh and burnt them there.
13: And they took their bones and buried them under the tamarisk
tree in Jabesh, and fasted seven days.