ATOMS & WAVES
CHAPTER 64 (Dec-2010) INDEX TO OTHER PAGES
Unreachable is what exists, and inconceivable that which we are discussing. How or why then are we spending words on it when we cannot understand it? Or because we got nothing better to do we must play the game?
We could ask how light obtains its velocity, or, how it obtains its angular moment, the angle of incidence at which each separate wavelength strikes a surface, by which out of the normal we recognize them for color, or, how radio waves travel.
Man's scientists know it perfectly. I on the other hand know very little, but at least the little that I do know is more realistic. I look for a truth, for what is factual to state it as such, or, what appears to be factual to then speculate upon it.
When the scientist say that the lengths of gamma rays are but a fraction the size of the atom, that, with a grain of salt may be accepted, but to state that wavelengths can be as long as the universe, is nonsense, since no line in that length has the angular to be deemed a wave.
Since then I have dealt with light in many of my pages, let us by this page hope to come a step further. Our first reference will be to illustration figure 64-1 , and as I have said elsewhere there are always two factors by which electro-magnetic waves move, simply because they are of, and belong - to that magnetic spectrum. The second factor is the media upon which the wave of light travels, and is fully dependent upon.
These things are not speculation since we factually know that light for most of its particulars is quite dependent upon the very media evident from its bending, reflection, refraction, etc. Wherefore it cannot be denied that light is an agent susceptible to all of the atomic grid in whatever form that may present itself.
If then our scientists wish to tell us differently, we ought to remark to them that they should not have gone to their educational centers to become less knowledgeable.
As then the speed at which the atomic parts move, be it spinning or moving by orbits, is seen as but a snails pace compared to the velocity at which the light is transposed linearly, our question becomes; "How does an angular movement at but a small percentage of the speed of light promote that which moves at the speed of light?
The answer - however illusive - may be said in that the movement is by two factors of. In reference to figure 64-1 it is not the angular moment noted A-B, that transposes itself, but rather it is transposed by the 3M.
Once an angular is made by an invert move which we spoke of in previous pages, that same angular moment shown in this illustration by A-B, is taken away at the velocity of constant, normally known as the speed of light.
It is the speed of light - for distance in time - which moves somewhat slower than that velocity of constant, set at 300,000 km/sec. While then it is correct that A-B is taken away at that velocity of constant, it as such - in the angular - is an atomic momentum and very much fixed to the atoms, for which reason in order to progress linearly it must encircle the atoms.
This is rather excellent for them since then they are bound to travel in a straight line even to the far reaches of space without diminishing. And in encountering any atom too large, or more complex than the simple format of most gasses or water for liquid, it is arrested, factually brought to a halt, or dissected, or, to in recreating - allow but those angular coordinates to pass that for us correspond to the color of it.
As therefore the 3M transposes A-B, it is forced into a rotation around the atoms, which decreases its relative velocity, meaning its factual distance in time, by the degree of the angular moment of A-B.
Consequently the A-B will not travel straight on from B to 3M, but passing by the format of a wave illustrated by the broken line over the atoms. As then point B, with A trailing it, travels the full 300,000 km each second in time, it will not arrive at the end of those 300,000 kilometers, in that one second of time, but slightly less, the velocity of which (as we said) is computed by its angular moment into the circumference, from the velocity of constant.
That angular magnetic force which we call electricity (detailed on page 61) is taken away in much the same manner with this exception that the format of electricity as it rotates stays in place, simply because we are constantly maintaining that moment of rotation by our generators.
The generators of light then are the atoms of the media, which in order to maintain the rotational momentum, the light must move forward, which as such becomes its direction of movement.
This however is not quite correct in that once it is formed, it is the 3M maintaining the circular format, yet not in any way whereby it is not directly susceptible to the atoms of the media along which it is pulled or driven.
Like unto the electrical wave once rolled into their circular format, the 3M merely extends that format upon and around all the atoms of the media, in their case the wire.
Light-waves thus are always singular and move in a straight line, and not dependent on their source. Nor are these like a compression upon the media, where the impact fans out into all directions.
Each wave-length of light must confine itself to the circumference of the atoms in their path, to be redirected only by a change in density, refraction, or reflection, etc.
Here again we should recall that which I spoke previously, how a straight line cannot be seen nor read, nor will it at all times travel in what we determine as being straight, since the magnetic lines of the earth are clearly seen to curve over and upon the media.
Yet that curvature is not a rotation upon them passing around singular atoms, nor around multiples in the case of molecules by which the greater waves, those of radio etc, are made to travel.
The loops seen upon the sun - showing the magnetic lines in their format are essentially straight lines, and can not be seen, except like upon the sun. If these lines could be seen we would have no vision at all, since all the magnetic flux of the earth would then become visible to present us with a thick haze.
In order to be read, or decoded for light unto us, it is imperative that angular formats be placed upon them, which always, and I do mean always travel circular, never ever transverse.
For it is only by being fully encircled around a circumference that their form may be kept and not diminish, or for that matter be of a singular directive maintaining a straight line of sight.
The atoms thus are the "propulsion" of light in its "angular moment," while the 3M is the "propulsion" of light for its "linear moment."
This is correct in that there are always two factors by which fundamental movement in its angular and linear format is set forth. Each movement has its own factor, for what is angular cannot at the same instant be linear, nor visa versa, except by relation to combine the two, yet each one retaining and maintaining their own factor.
Let us come to something much slower to by figure 64-2, take a wheel at 30,000 rpm, with only one tooth on it that comes to a frequency of 30 kHz. That by the velocity of constant computes into a wavelength ten kilometers long. Then comes the question: "If there is really a length of a wave to be spoken of?
For when at U2, - the wheel at 30 kHz - drove a dent (r) into the line, while the 3M at its velocity of 300,000 km/sec, took it away, we, in looking again for that dent - were forced to go 10 kilometers down the line at R1 to find it.
Does that dent (r) therefore have a tail 10 kilometers long dragging on behind it, like as shown by U, at 1 passing to 2, and 3? Naturally not. Therefore we do not have any use for that tail do we, since it is the dent (R), which is our signal to again be decoded at the point of our reception?
In all reality the length of a wave is of no use, nor of any concern, it is our tapping at the rate of 30,000 times per second that is to bring our frequency counter at the other end to a reading of 30,000 Hz again.
How then do we speak of a length, seeing how that in effect is nothing more than gingerbread that comes with a calculus when we wish to know just how many of these dents will pass any one point at the rate of 300,000 km/sec?
Or why should we even bother to calculate that rate of occurrences, when we already knew it, by tapping upon the line 30,000 times per second? Finding a length of a wave therefore in all respects is vanity.
When the wheel at U2 tapped the line placing a dent within it, that dent within a time frame of 1/30,000 of a second went 10 kilometers away from the wheel. And who is to say that it left a trail upon the line as shown in the top part of the illustration?
If a trail is like unto a grove, we would consider it part of the dent, but I have my sincere doubt that there is anything more to be observed upon that line than that single short dent, coming around once every 1/30,000 of a second.
If we consider a wheel at W, to have teeth at various intervals, and turn it by the rate of 30 kHz, we no longer have wavelengths to the tune of 10 kilometers long, even though our wheel is turning at that interval for such lengths to show up by any calculator.
For in that case we are sending a message down the line, a message that is more than saying: "I am turning at 30,000 rps." We are in fact sending a code noted 1-4-6-2-3-2-3, for whatever we wish to decode that for.
That entire code then in the time-span of 1/30,000 of a second will be stretched over that ten kilometers in length, or distance as the better terminology would be. The length of each of these 7 dents for a code will each have different lengths trailing them, that is to say - if we for sheer vanity sake wish to calculate them.
I then said "vanity," since they are irrelevant to the code that we are sending, the code being in these two factors, the depth in strength or duration of the code, and the varied timing between them.
If then we are so hip on lengths for a wave, and ascribing crest to crest measure and all, we after all must have our vanities so as to entertain ourselves, but they are of no practical use. Frequency on the other hand is, which in effect is timing upon a flow of movement that we know to be at all times constant.
Besides frequencies there is one more factor in all wave formations that is quite important, and imperative when it comes to both finding and understanding a true relative velocity of any wave traveling upon the media, which is amplitude, also termed diameter, and that into the circumference.
But in searching for what man may have discovered for a diameter of any wave, I was much disappointed. It seems that man has little knowledge of that factor so imperative for a proper knowledge of any and all waves. Man speaks enough of it, but draws them in any width that suits his fancy with no concern for reality.
I then pretty well know what it must be for light-waves, but in coming to the much longer waves to operate on the molecular level, rather than on the atomic level, I have as yet to do some study.
If we look at a grid of atoms by illustration figure 64-3, and consider a transverse wave at the right of the illustration, a signal coming from an antenna, how is that waveform to pass itself through that maze of atoms and molecules to reach a destination?
Does it not seem obvious how anything in that form would be stopped and/or broken up by these many atoms?
The fundamentals of all these atoms are angular movements, and what would most likely be able to pass by these atoms if not an angular formation as shown on the left of the illustration. Light is stopped at any instant when it makes broad contact upon any atom, evidenced as we behold light into water to diminish and terminate.
If, like our scientists acclaim, that a single electron emits a photon that employs billions of electrons to move at its behest, why does it even carry or emit a photon when it has all these many electrons doing the physical work? To me this definitely sound like a fantasy.
I can-not explain just by what amplitude a radio wave FM, or AM, passes through these many atoms without being altered, only I know this for a fact, that it can not be transverse, a mere wave floating amongst a maze of atoms to which it pays no relevance.
If anything it must be subject to the atoms, and that for and by their angular movements very much like light for its movement.
For even so how is it to make contact upon its destination lest it be duly relevant to it? This is beside the fact that light un-mistakenly shows itself subject to the atoms of nature.
And so let us have another look at the wave of light that most certainly is bound to the atomic level, too small in diameter to pass along whole molecules, or even the larger of the atoms. By figure 64-4, the light is twisted around the atoms as it is driven forward.
While then the atoms do not move the wave passes them at great speed, while for a length of 400 nm there must be anywhere from 2000 to 4000 atoms, meaning the wave as it passes the atoms makes contact upon them by but a fraction of their circumference.
So then the question becomes how at any one location, at one of these atoms may that format of light be known - seeing how it merely passes it by at sextillion angstrom per second with the atoms standing still?
How if our eyeball is at atom G, are we to behold the whole angular format of the wave when that which passes our eye- is no more than a minute fraction of the wave?
Nor shall we presume that the wave in its contact upon atom G left its format upon it. How then are we to recognize it, for its length or angular moment into a color?
The only way to read the wave is to stop the wave, to place a board in front of it (as by R) so that its whole angular format may be read in the sequence of its length.
If thus we allowed the wave to make an imprint upon the board, and we did it in slow motion, it would draw a circle upon our board as illustrated by P, a circle no larger than the diameter of an atom.
That board then is anything of substance by which the wave cannot pass, like for one thing, the back of our eyes. And how marvelous to have that rotating coordinate, for that mind you is the perfect coordinate by which other angular formations may be born, like electricity.
If then instead of a plain board, we place a certain material whose internal movements are of such a coordinate that when the light strikes upon it, drawing its circle, it will spin that coordinate around in the fashion of an electrical potential, we have electricity.
Thus it becomes obvious how electricity may be had from light falling upon a photocell - when the very same thing at all times occurs at the back of our eyes.
It is of course not instantaneous that the circle is drawn since for a length of 7000a, it must draw it within that timeframe, however short that may seem to us. (1/428 trillionth of a second). And that is also how fast we in our spirit decode it. Astronomical - is it not?
One of those certain materials are the receivers at the back of our eyes transposing that coordinate of light into electrical punctuations that then travel to our brain, to be once more decoded for visualization to us.
So it shows that a light-wave can only be read when it is terminated, since it is always read by something or someone that is not moving, while the light itself speeds forward at 300 million meters a second, or 428 trillion times the length of a single wavelet 7000a long.
It therefore stands to reason that no single atom can read its coordinate lest it is terminated upon it. Or, for most everything else is dissected to allow only certain angular moments to pass, that for us will be observed for the angular of it in color.
None of us standing on the side of a freeway will come to know any person in those cars speeding by lest one comes to a stop to introduce himself. For that is the story in a nutshell.
Next let us consider this, we know that light passes through water, and so why can we not see the bottom of the oceans like we see the upper reaches of our atmosphere?
The light comes across light-years in space, and at its speed in a single second it can go seven times around the whole earth, while the depth of the ocean is but ten miles at best, it ought to get from sea level to ten mile deep into the ocean in but a minute fraction of a second, and so why does it not do so?
The fact that its relative velocity slows down in water is nothing at all to be considered for those mere ten miles of depth, even if it took a whole second to get down that deep into the water.
We could say that light is stopped or arrested by tiny marine life, and impurities in the water. Yes granted that is so, but such is but a minor part as to why the light for its bulk does not go down all the way to the sea-floor, since it is an absolute fact that light passes through water, as it passes through the clouds. For on an overcast day there is still plenty of light below those clouds.
Curious yes, but there is also a very simple and logical reason for it. Let us ask how and why light passes through air and space so easily, but in water with limited distance?
The air is made up of oxygen and nitrogen, atoms that are single, not in compound form, like marbles all nice and round, so that when the light comes turning at high speed to pass by them there are no obstructions.
This then is not so with water, nor with the clouds, since it consists of compound elements. In water, the oxygen atom has two atoms of hydrogen hanging at its side, and it are these hydrogen atoms which present an obstruction to the passage of light.
Remember our previous illustration and that which we spoke of it how the light passes all these atoms at a fraction of their circumference? Then by reference to figure 64-5, if the light with its foremost point comes at the water molecule in the middle at point D, it will pass over with no obstruction.
If however its foremost point is a quarter turn to the right or left of that circumference, then it comes right smack upon the connecting ends where the hydrogen atoms join with the oxygen atoms.
And presto that ray of light is done with, it has been arrested, or brought to a halt, with this advantage that it rattles the cage of that molecule a little providing warmth and growth for things, but nothing more.
Likewise at B, and G, or point 5, and 6, at K, (by K all being into the page) every single light-wave that for its rotational format happens to arrive at just the wrong point of those molecules are arrested.
While at A, and at H, just as at D, and points 1, 2, 3, 4, and 7 at K, the light does not encounter an obstruction and passes on.
But while all these many pass on, and are able to pass millions of those molecules without encountering an obstruction, sooner or later they will come upon the next in line by which they will be arrested.
This is the reason how and why light is able to penetrate into the ocean depths for only a limited distance at which point all of them have been arrested, if not by impurities or marine organism it is primarily by the molecules of the water itself. And it is also the reason why many light-waves are arrested passing through clouds, to obscure the sun.
All this because light must travel around the perimeters of atoms, and for any obstruction they will be stopped dead in their track. Note also the thicker the clouds the darker they appear, and the warmer the vapor so much the more it is prevented from passing through. (steam) Hence, the same is true for many other waves, like the shorter to visible light, or all waves in various ways.
What light-wave then would stand the best chance of getting as deep as possible into water before it is arrested, if not the ones with the most angular moment as shown by M? The longer lengths of light are more readily arrested not being able to pass around those connections by which the hydrogen atoms are bound to the oxygen atom.
Still, sooner or later these shorter angular ones will arrive at precisely the wrong point and also be arrested. Don't forget that a 7000a lengths is almost twice as long as the 4000a, its angular moment being equally that much less.
The greater the angular moment of a wave, the more penetrating it is, which we ought to know from X rays, and gamma rays, which instead of waves, we came to call rays, all because they are so short in angular moment, as well as smaller in circular diameter.
After about 300 to 600 ft deep into the water most all of the light-waves will have been arrested, with the shorter blue waves having the advantage over the longer ones in reaching downwards.
That is the reason why we can not by sunlight observe the bottom of any ocean, nor much of anything past those 300, or 600 ft down. Yet when we take a flash-light, or any kind of light down to the bottom of the ocean, we can observe what is there, since here again as soon as we shine the light upon the water, these waves will also begin to be arrested, for which reason our light miles deep into the ocean becomes limited for any distance through it.
Since then most all of the substances upon earth are made up of compound elements, the light is unable to pass. Water for its simple compound of being H2O is at least able to pass the light for some distance, while our skin will barely pass it for its three layers.
Water into ice will not pass it very far for its structure formation posing too much obstruction, and steam for its greater movement, and even glass will limit its distance into it, except that we never make glass for any thickness to fully arrest all waves.
I do not pretend to know it all, but I am relating what is most obvious, and what agrees with nature as we know it. Accordingly to get some idea as to how a light-wave may pass by one atom while arrested by another, by illustration figure 64-6, at the left, the light coming upon that atom in an angle with its movement in like direction passes over.
While on the right it encounters an opposite movement bending the angular momentum down into essentially a straight line, doing away with the waveform.
If on the other hand we observe atom A, in figure 64-7, and the light X, passes over it, assuming the ring as the circle of the electron, we might presume that on the left at Y, the electron movement joins with X, and on its right at Z it also joins with X. This scenario however is not possible, since no wavelength of light ever passes any electron ring in that fashion.
If we look at it from the side in a block illustrated at B, the electron ring passes dead center over its core, while light-wave X, (X1) passes along the perimeter, since no light-wave can ever enter the interior of an atom without being brought to a halt, or re-appropriated, nor would it ever pass upon any atom other than its perimeter.
Illustration C, therefore is the correct scenario, the light-wave R, by the 3M passes at 3 million trillion angstroms per second, while the electron moves at 60 million angstroms per second. Point R2 now shows the wave in line with the motion of the electron ring.
Its movement then being in harmony with the passing wave, it may leave a copy of its pattern moving around the atom at C, that then as illustrated by E, is taken away by the 3M, over the atoms at right angles thereto, while also wave R, (R3) continues its path.
Shall we consider this fanciful, or realistic? Frankly I can not certify it either way, since in this case I am somewhat speculating.
We know that the waves from the sun come straight down, and while many waves may again be driven upwards from the surface, it seems also certain that many copies of those waves of the sun as they head downwards are duplicated by at least a percentage of the nitrogen atoms by which it passes.
If no more than one in ten thousand atoms is able to secure a carbon copy in any direction other than straight down, it may explain the bright illumination of the air above our heads as clear and as vivid as it is.
If per example the only other waves from any other direction than straight from the sun had to come from the surface of the earth, these no doubt would all be of colors, like near a forest or an all green area, should not the sky also appear more green?
When looking at the green meadow all waves entering our eyes are the green ones, yet equally as many of these green waves are upwards into the air, which never at all appears green.
The logic here is that those green waves moving upwards into the air do not come into our eyes, since contrary to the format of any sound wave, light must and can only travel singularly by straight lines.
Unless therefore these were reflected from a mirror up in the air into our view, none of these green waves can be observed.
Then looking horizontally at the air before us, it appears as a void since there is no terminal at any of these atoms, yet where then did these come from in order for us to behold that void, since in looking horizontally we are not looking directly into the sun?
If they came from any substance other than the air itself they would show us the color of that substance, like the distant mountain or so.
However thus we may reason the fact remain that the air is brightly illuminated, quite transparent which can only be so when we receive waves passing the air without having any terminal upon it.
It is therefore that I surmise how even the atoms and/or molecules of the air while not having the capacity to arrest any wave, it should have, or may have the capacity to duplicate carbon copies into other directions, the incoming direction being straight from the sun, which as such in looking horizontally are not the ones entering our eyes, nor could they so enter our eyes.
If we go to another illustration by figure 64-8, a full wave containing all angular moments is coming at atom R1, a single nitrogen atom, that for its complimentary movement was able to effect a carbon copy into direction Z, which passed it on into direction P.
Here, by presumption, all wavelengths were passed. Then as it arrived at the green leaf of a plant, the atom and molecule being too large for its circumference to pass around it, was arrested.
And for the nature of that atom in its molecular bond, for the particular coordinate of its movement, left only those angular format pass that are equal to 5600a, the green wave.
Anything that had a sharper angular format was immediately arrested, and anything larger than the 5600a, given a plus minus of 2 to 3 angstroms both ways were likewise arrested or driven through the mill by which their angular was taken out of them.
For this is quite correct with light-waves, that, as easy as it is to insert an angular, it is equally as easy to take it out again. That therefore which then passes over the nitrogen atom at N3, and down to our eyes by Q, is none but the angular's that correspond to 5600a in length.
It then seems plausible that atom N3 has the capacity to effect carbon copies of it into all directions, only I am not convinced thereof.
I for me, deem it far more likely that all directions are physically effected by the large atom in its molecular being, so that no matter at what direction we look at that leaf, we are receiving light-waves directly from it, and no other place.
It is therefore that we in looking at things are able to not only observe but pinpoint each wave from where it came.
Conclusively we do not as yet have it all figured out, for whatever we come up with, it must coincide with everything else in nature. To know how and why light does not pass through water all the way to the bottom of the ocean is easy, and our definition coincides with the facts of nature.
But as to how the atoms of air have the capacity to format carbon copies without showing any terminal is as yet up for grabs. I however will say this much that in such carbon copies from them these are in effect, or in essence showing a terminal, the terminal of a void, as in going into both directions simultaneously which of course appears to us as a void.
And to explain this a little better, consider how from a green leaf the direction of the wave is in but one direction, from the leaf unto our eyes.
While if we look at a nitrogen atom in the air, which as such in any wise is showing itself transparent, it - by a carbon copy made from its incident wave of the sun, passes into both direction coming as well as going, that therefore appears again as a void, transparent. We in effect are looking right through it.
LOOKING AT THE ATOM
By the illustration here below of a Potassium atom it shows electrons by pairs, one ring with 8 electrons in it. If this really be so I can not certify to be correct, it however does not seem logical.
Perhaps instead of little balls the substance on the move is a conglomerate of smaller parts bunched together like a short string, or even a solid ring. At any rate it matters little since man is not likely to determine the nature of its substance.
Previously we beheld how forces like magnetic in their overall scheme operate by component factors, smaller individual components of like formations whereby the greater formats find their footings.
This also applies to the structure of all things, like that component of carbon shown below to be circular, like unto a ball, and another triangular. And so nature presents a host of different formations, in the different elements and compound elements.
If we are of a mind to draw that potassium atom below to some reality, we should have drawn solid circles rather than one or up to 8 electrons upon a single circle. Nor is the configuration anywhere correct to assume 8 parts in one, with only one part in another, for that is not the design of the atom.
A rock therefore does not necessarily consist of atoms each and every one bound together to a single whole, but in segments wherefore also these can be split, breaking apart at the seams of the components.
And when we eat and chew all these atoms we break them by components, which then are further broken down by the chemicals within our stomach. It seems odd that we should have to eat atoms, seeing how the basic substance of all atoms of any and all chemicals is one and the same.
While we prefer a tasty steak, or fruits, elephants essentially consume wood that we use to build our homes, or crocodiles to consume and break down bone and all. Whatever anyone of these consume, the basic substance is all one and the same, their difference in taste or hardness is by the movement that is within and upon them, which in turn comes to structures of, be they rigid, pliable or gasses.
What a marvelous innovation therefore this is to procure so many different things, in so many different ways, by no more than movement in coordinates.
The whole of nature is matter in motion by coordination, a most marvelous innovation, by a far more marvelous Creator to have formed all these things by the power of His word alone.
To whom therefore shall we liken Him, or even come near to but a minute fraction of His knowledge and ability. And that is only so because He is granting us that knowledge whereby we may come to know Him for the Creator of all.
In ourselves therefore, without Him are nothing at all, and upon my request to Him, it pleased Him to grant me a certain knowledge of that marvelous creation by His hand. If I had no faith in Him, I would not have received such knowledge that appears lofty above others.
If then by all that I have defined one does not obtain a certain appreciation of the Maker thereof, he is like a stone in which nothing enters.
To survey the atom a bit more by illustration figure 64-9, there are four rings each one turning in a different plane from one another. Ring number 4 (r4) is spinning around at a 90 degree angle to the number 1 ring (r1), with 2 and 3 at different angles.
This gives that atom the shape of a sphere, but more importantly in this configuration it has four (4) drives by which to connect with other atoms, so that at least eight (8) connections may be made around the sphere of it.
If we observe ring 1, (r1), the most outer one, at each end of it is casting a wake of movement outside of its circle, at the one end coming inward, and outwards at the other end. At the out-flowing end thus it may bond with the ingoing flow of another atom, since movements of alike are able to bond with each other, so obvious from magnets and all.
On its other end, where the movement is ingoing no atom will bond lest it turns to have its outgoing movement in line with it.
Since then it is obvious that the wake around a circle is at all times all around its circumference outgoing, with no incoming, how do we speak of an ingoing to anyone of these rings?
For one thing, ring number 1, is not alone since there are rings number 2, 3, and 4 with their outgoing wake interfering with the wake of that number one ring, essentially punching holes in it, that as such are diversions or redirections of the wake. To realize all these things one needs to think three dimensionally.
This so called interference of one ring to another is by which so many uniquely different patterns of movement are produced whereby each element is known for wave-length etc. As always when by figure 64-9, a force or movement A, is set forth and another force of B, comes at right angles, the result becomes C.
If then we can visualize these for atoms that have anywhere from four to ten rings, it becomes complicated but also unique. So it is also that other atoms with an outgoing movement are able to enter upon an - what has become - an ingoing of the other.
Oftentimes this can not proceed unless a higher or lower rate of movement is brought upon them, before they either lock together or disjoin from one another. There are a host of examples, like water into steam, or molten lead when it cools to a solid, or the burning of wood, or of gasoline, or the tempering of steel and many such examples.
Velocity in its rate of, or movement in general for the degree thereof plays an extremely important role in the binding and dissolving of atomic and molecular structures. Normally this is attributed to what we call temperature, that in turn is by relative angular movement, (ram), which as such is movement all the same.
If we consider a rubber compound, at normal velocity (meaning temperature) it is resilient, but with the internal speed brought down it becomes brittle, the atoms and molecules not having sufficient speed to strongly hold on the one another.
But when its internal movement becomes too fast it again falls apart, melting, or even burning with still higher velocities. So it is that velocity (or degree of movement) plays a very important role.
What a fancy word that is, "electro-magnetism", like saying; "going straight on in circles." Who then has ever interpreted that word in just that meaning? And yet I am hitting the nail squarely on the head, since that term entails "movement" in its two formats, "angular for electro" and "linear for magnetism."
So then I should explain this in full and show us how well that term is when used properly.
By figure 64-10, are two versions of the water molecule. Note how the movement over, upon, as also in between these three parts is of like directions. We might thus as such liken them to three magnets bonded to one another by their movements in like directions.
Not that these three parts exhibit nor posses that very same coordinate by which magnets hold to one another, yet as it with magnets so also it is by movement with these atoms in a somewhat different coordinate.
If, in speaking of magnets to join and repel - we are referring to the movements that are upon them, to call them magnetically, we can by the same token refer to the water molecule for its parts to join and repel magnetically, since of course we were placing the emphasis on movement rather than on the specific coordinate of it.
And just like magnets when the direction of movement is in opposite of one another, these by their parts will repel from one another, this is equally true for all atoms and molecules.
When water is heated into steam it is not only that the parts are driven further from one another, but the molecules will also be disjoined from one another, and in some fashion, (I do not know exactly how), but the higher rate of movement (ram) appears to turn the movements for directions of in opposite - or unlike of one another effecting a greater and greater spacing.
It shows to me that somehow it is a natural consequence for the atoms and molecules to change their directions of movement between one another in the impairment forced upon them by that higher rate of velocity, or internal movement as the same may be said.
The element of hydrogen is the simplest of atoms, and yet it effects a tremendous expansion, that is quite compressible. And that mind you is not by any exchange of electrons, nor by any re-arrangement in the number of electrons, nor in the quantity of the atomic mass, but rather in movement, in accelerated movement.
In this then I am not speculating. And so I surmise that highly agitated movements naturally repel from one another, explaining the expansion. And again that in dropping down from it the bonding, it resumes its bonding, as well as the same may be instigated, like O and H to H2O.
To then say "naturally," means that there must be a simple scenario by which that takes place, if only we knew how, which at present I do not know, yet I am convinced that there is a simple explanation involving movement by directions thereof.
If then we consider a material such as steel when it is heated red hot, why these molecules do not naturally expand like the simpler atoms and molecules do.
The reason for it lies in their structure, and how well these parts are bonded to one another, preventing them from coming lose of one another by which the normal format of expansion might occur. The larger the atom, and the more complex, the less likely they are to any separation down to its most fundamental parts, the atoms in singular.
What a marvelous knowledge this would be for any man, to rightly understand and define into detail all these movements of contractions and expansion, the how and why of each of them. Should we then encounter such a man know for a certainty that of the Almighty One it will be in a gift unto him.
There are a few other pointers we could look at by figure 64-11, how beside movement of like directions bonding to one another, they are strengthened in one another, like these molecules of ice on the right, or that of glass on the left, their movement in the hexagons complimenting one another.
And additionally to promote greater movements in coordinates upon them, like that figure of eight (A-B, and S-T) that is so dominant in nature, not only for the greatest and the smallest, but everywhere in between in nature.
A marvelous innovation this "matter in motion by coordination," to study for a comprehension of it. Since then it truly exists, I however, along with Solomon spoke of it saying: "Incomprehensive is what exists." So what are we attempting to do anyway, or I for that matter that I can't leave it alone?
For light in its movement we must not conceive that it can travel just anywhere, since for one thing it must proceed along atoms, and where these are located within the grid of things. Not that there are so many grids along which light is able to pass, but if its place and timing is just right it can pass for some distance.
The illustration figure 64-11 then shows by the numbers at what locations in the grid these waves can pass, with this addition that it is also for direction of, like on number 4, neither 5 nor 6 could pass.
The spacing of such waves thus is in coordinates, with this advantage that in space or in our atmosphere, the atoms are mostly singular, for which reason they can go nearly anywhere with little spacing. Previously I noted that the more angular a wave, the more penetrating it is.
That however has its relevance to the first magnitude of nature, for coming to the greater magnitude, like those of radio waves, the much longer, or less angular waves pass through walls and all. In this manner all waves have their particulars to serve the whole of nature to its perfection.
Then by illustration Figure Z, let us get to our term of "electro-magnetism." The figure eight of force so dominant in nature is the natural consequence of motion in its two formats, of movement that goes by circles, and that goes by a straight line. And movement is "conductive", it will join, and disjoin, it will attract and repel in and for the directions of it.
Thus we could say; Motion to motion, movement to movement, direction to direction, for movement moves, and motion displaces, with nothing at all ever being idle.
If then by the illustration we first consider the second magnitude for motion by its two formats, there is the "linear", like that magnetic pattern inhibiting the whole earth, or any of our magnets, these are mostly linear yet angular also in that their movement is by a figure of eight. Therefore I wrote = linearly, angularly, and it is called "Magnetic."
Then for the one called "Electric," it is foremost rotational, proceeding angularly with no apparent linear in it, wherefore I wrote; = rotational angularly. If then we proceed to the "first magnitude of nature," and the movement of it, or by it, the very same thing is found since motion has but two formats, it either goes by a circle, or straight on.
Here too, the atoms are strictly = rotational angularly. Yet in the bonding procured by them there is linear to be found, and not only in that but by their patterns in overall coordinates, like the figures of eight, there also linear is found.
This then is not to include the 3M, since it is part of the linear magnetic of the second magnitude. Motion thus is motion everywhere throughout all of nature from its very footings to the whole of galaxies. Where then we specified "atoms," we could add; = electric, since atoms and electricity are both movements of the angular.
And for where we specified "bonding," we could add; = magnetic, since there is linear movement in both. Additionally, there is that "conductive" nature of all movement to apply in both the second as well as first magnitude.
If therefore in terms of movement we wish to call nature to be "electro-magnetic," we will not be in error, but with a dash between them. And though for the spectrum I prefer the term magnetic rather than electro-magnetic, since it is a factor of the linear more than the angular, we could have it either way.
And just as we view the attraction and repulsion of the greater movements, pertaining to the second magnitude, as real, even so these are just as real in the first magnitude. And conclusively we are right in terming all of nature to be' "electro and magnetic."
One thing however we must do to become mature in it, is to forget about such terms as electrons having an electric charge, or being ionized.
If you are traveling on the road at 50mph, and you accelerate to 70mph, you do not then have an electric charge upon you, nor are you ionized, but you are simply moving a bit faster. That is what I mean by becoming mature.
Nor should we in reference to atoms and molecules, the first magnitude of nature, consistently apply our normal magnetic terms upon them, but rather such terms as apply to movement in and of that magnitude.
Have you ever wondered how and why it may be that we cannot generate light-waves from water molecules, and while we can get steel so hot to emit wavelengths, while a metal such as lead merely melts not producing any light.
And with air, however much we heat it, it will not produce light, yet when we utilize electricity we are able to convince them to emit light-waves, such as the arching of a high voltage coil, or lightning.
The atoms of nitrogen, as simple as they are, nonetheless have the ability whereby light may be produced, yet only with a high voltage current such is procured, while upon the tungsten steel in our light-bulbs the same is so readily accomplished.
The atom of oxygen could have as many rings as that of nitrogen, thus it also should be competent to produce light. But it is mostly by the more massive elements whereby light comes forth, and that not so much for their so called weight or complexity, but in the formation of their structures.
Like the law specifies, for every action, there must be a reaction, and for anything to be of power it must reinforce itself upon something to be of power. These axioms then will show themselves in what we are about to discuss.
By figure 64-12, atom 1, shall be an atom such as found in metals, with atoms 2, 3, and 4 such other atoms that normally bind themselves thereto. In other words even though my drawing has the appearance of a water molecule, in reality it is a part of the compound element, like metallic, the wire used in most light-bulbs.
First we need to explain what we are looking at. The ring r1, in atom 1, is promoting the binding force or movement locking atoms 3, and 4 to itself. These two atoms 3, and 4 also of course contribute to that binding as each of them have their electron rings in line with one another.
This is a logical apprehension to have a bonding movement from atom 4 over atom 1, to atom 3, as were it a belt passing over the three of them.
If we envision atoms 3 and 4 as were they pulleys with the larger wheel for atom 1, and a belt being driven around them we can envision how well these parts are held together. If this is hard to visualize, take a few magnets and see how well these pull to one another, while that which is pulling them is also in the fundamentals of - movements of like directions.
Then there is atom number 2 off to the side that is bound to atom 1 by virtue of the electron ring number r2 in atom 1. And here also ring number r2 remains in alignment with atom 2 and its electron ring.
It is for clarity, and for simplicity sake, that these are the only two rings shown, while in reality that atom number 1, must have more rings than these two, in order for them to properly function in the binding of more than two atoms to itself.
Our object however is not to define the atom as much as it is to demonstrate how wave-lengths may be produced in and by the combination of these four atoms, of which at least three are required to produce that wavelength to our wishes.
This illustration then is to enhance how in contrast to current science - wavelengths are not produced from any single atom by itself, nor by means of any one single electron.
This is not to convey that wave formations can-not be produced from an atom all in itself, since that exception is done by the lightning as it strikes, and by other electrical applications.
Here however we are illustrating the production of wavelengths without any electricity, with no more than a degree of ram upon them. In other words by merely heating a material.
While then previously I noted that we were illustrating part of a tungsten wire within a lamp, that is heated by electricity, the illustration here serves to compliment both, be it by electricity or a torch.
Now we come to the fun part. These particular atoms here illustrated are part of a metal that is structured very well to hold together, and when we apply a torch or an electrical current to raise their internal and external movements we are in effect rattling their cages, (ram).
The parts so neatly bound together and happily maintaining their bond are then experiencing something that upsets their happy movement as well as their bonding, for if this were raised even higher and higher it would come to a dissolving of their bonding, which as such is their structure.
All this then is paired with what we call agitation or resonance, not so much that the atoms are going to move all over the place, but moved nevertheless by whatever fraction the heating process may bring upon them.
This, to be precise, is what is properly defined by RAM, not the angular movement of parts, but the "relative" angular movement, relative in this that there is a movement between parts as I so often demonstrate by placing a wedge between them, a wedge that drives them apart, and then returns when the force has moved over or away from it.
That in so many words may be thought of, or called resonance, and yes, relative angular movement, (ram) to vary in position is very much like unto a resonance, but more specific as in being out of sequence, or out of harmony. Resonance on the other can be had together with harmony.
And so by the illustration, (greatly exaggerated), atom 3 is getting a push from another atom or molecule also held within the component structure, whereby it is moved sideways as illustrated from position 3 to position 3a.
Meanwhile, before this occurred, the movement activated by the electron rings over and around which the 3M has its passing, is happily moving straight on with no alteration and no turning, and "no angular moment" in that line passing from atom 4 to atom 3 and so on.
It then stands to reason that when atom 3 is moved to location 3a, the electron ring in atom 1, serving it - is likewise suddenly twisted over, illustrated by r1 to r1a. The linear movement then that proceeded from D, to F is now impaired to take on a new route from D, to E.
But that would be impossible since it is not a straight line, and all atoms usually bond to one another by straight lines over one or more electron rings in alignment.
In that instant then, (a very minute fraction of a second,) as atom 3 was moved and the line of movement wishing to continue straight on - the movement of that line coming from the electron ring - for its direction - is driven to the edge of the circumference of that flow, (noted K).
That then begins to pass by an angular fashion around itself, that is of course around the atom. This then is the wave formation, a wavelength, for the illustration, of 6000 angstroms has been born.
All this takes place in a fraction of a second, and the force moving atom 3 for this event - in having left off, atom 3 is again free to come back, (like resonance.) Meanwhile a wave formation has been born, an angular momentum imposed upon a linear flow of movements that passes with the speed of 300,000 km/sec taking with itself that angular momentum.
By the time atom 3 then regains its posture, the wave with its angular moment rated to a length of 6000 angstroms, is gone turning itself around all the atoms in its path, and delighting us with a specific color that conforms to that angular moment of 6000a in length.
One thing we must keep in mind, that when we get down to atoms, to explain anything in the way thereof we can-not for a line of light, or any wave draw no more than a single line. We must illustrate the linear objective along with its diameter, or amplitude as the same is usually referred to.
If we are illustrating a line of light from a tree to one's eyeball, a single line is sufficient, but on the atomic level the width of a line of light is the width of the atom by which it travels encircling the same, like for a 6000 angstrom wave it may pass 5000 atoms just to pass once around the circumference of these atoms.
Each one of these 5000 atoms therefore contribute to but 1/5000 part of that single angular forced upon that normally straight forward moving line of magnetic or 3M as I termed it. That angular then is illustrated by K1, passing on to K2, which factually is proceeding from the ring r1 to K, and so forth.
Placing the angular format from r1a to K1, and K2, is merely so as not to clutter up the drawing. There are artists that can draw a much better illustration of this than I can, and even in 3D, or animation if you will.
Now that we saw a 6000a wave of light being formed, this may not be the only thing that took place simultaneously, since atom 4 was also bound to that same line, but since the impact was upon atom 3, atom 4 may only made a partial movement, to produce a wavelength that mathematically comes to 12,000 angstroms in length, a nine warm one, for the infra-red.
But we are not as yet finished, for why should atom 3 be moved to 3a, since it is rigidly held to atom 1? Rigid indeed but not so rigid - so as not to move at all provided the push was sufficient thereto, which does occur since the effect of ram, for high and higher degrees is able to dislodge the whole molecule.
But there is one important factor, which also explains why it is mostly in metals, meaning in rigid structure where light is so easily produced.
To the left of atom 1 is atom 2, also very well bonded to it, and when the effect of ram initiated a push upon atom 3, atom 2 served as a base, or rigid anchor so that indeed atom 3 might be moved.
If per example we look upon this molecule in our illustration as one of water, or steam, the Oxygen with 2 of the Hydrogen, and we made a push against atom 3 so as to procure an angular format upon the line passing upon them, our efforts will be defeated in that atom 2 can not be counted on for a base, or reaction to that push.
In any kind of push upon atom 3 in the molecule of water we would merely push it around a bit, since it is far too free to move around. It therefore is extremely difficult to produce any kind of wave format from these type of molecules.
Only with an extremely strong and high electrical potential can that be done upon the water molecule, since electricity in its twisting of the multiple lines thereof, takes a very good hold of that molecule to rattle its cage, holding it at one points and shearing it at the other, like unto the bolts of lightning.
By the illustration, if we have a stick, and by a force X we push on it, we might just move the whole stick, but if securely held at point V, we can lift it from just one end.
If then we consider the substance of lead in its structure, and we heat it with the aim of producing light, we are defeated in this that just like with the water molecule it will rather turn about before any atom would bend away from its holdings. In this case the structure of the metal is the culprit, it being not sufficient rigid when heated.
Wood for example when it burns produces light in the various chemicals that are being dissolved, and as as they rise up into the air, they in cooling down by the slower internal and external movement of the atoms and molecules of the air around it, cease to produce the light, there no longer being sufficient agitation in them by which to produce any such wave formations.
Passing an electrical current into water, is by far not sufficient to get its molecules held rigidly enough by which to produce any light, yet by its twisting lines of 3M it shears off the hydrogen atoms from the oxygen atoms.
That same electricity would tear up the structure of a tungsten wire if it were not for some inert gas around that wire by which its structure may remain intact. Only for a long duration it sooner or later does succeed in breaking it, or perhaps the companies producing the lamps purposely make the wire so thin, as to last but for a time, complimenting sales.
For a candle the heat of the flame upon the molecular structure is sufficient agitation to implement angular formats upon the lines of 3M, since the scenario shown here by illustration figure 64-12, is not the only way to implement angular formats upon a moving line.
It is done differently with an electrical current that for its variation in voltage places the tunes of our radio waves into the air.
Or for the idea of a wedge driven in by ram, it may impose a force upon atoms 2 and 3 simultaneously in which case one of them need not serve as a base for the other, this may be typical for gasses in the flames of burning substances, to which oxygen serves as an agent to that process.
Then again, once you have these angular's in wave format, they can be recorded upon that line of magnetic which we call electrical, and so the coded message traveling through the air when converted electrically can again be printed out as a fax received, or a text message, or voices.
All of this then proceeds upon the 3M as the carrier, while the messages are codes in angular formats, for length meaning timing, and for frequency as events per unit of time, and duration to set events apart.
Nothing at all can be read upon a straight line in which there are no angular formats, the line will either be dead, or it is dark outside.
Nor, in so many words, are we held with our feet upon the ground by these straight lines, since these again lay hold on the angular formats of the atoms by which in their linear movement a torque is placed upon the inertia of all these angular movements.
So thus we see again how marvelous all this is being procured by movement into movement, and greater movements, that I summed up in one by saying; "Matter in motion by coordination."
In summary, any means by which an angular may be imposed upon the lines of 3M becomes a wave of. All this is besides the multitude of coordinates displayed by the atoms of each elements, and further by compound elements, each unique, as a signature of the element, that then varies mostly by differences in temperature, even as structures are varied by temperature.
One example is water droplets that become snowflakes, how rarely in the crystalline there are two alike, all that depending on volume, temperature, orientation, speed of movement, and surrounding conditions, if not more.
This scenario thus, for the production of waves, is a far cry from what man to date has conceived - as were it in particles upon particles to strike out for a jumping of something that could not possibly jump at all. And yet our illustration is not the only means, besides being poorly illustrated.
Mostly however I wish to emphasize that it takes more than a single electron on the move for a wave to be born, and that electron with its partners producing a wave better be securely held in their atoms.
Nor is it likely for an electron passing any one point in its circle by millions of times a second to divert itself, or be diverted except by a force in equal to implement the same.
And what would we have, if one of those electrons left its home within the atom? For one, the atom for its signature in wavelengths would be altered, and/or it might become unbalanced in this that it is no longer able to properly connect to the other atoms that form with it for the structure of the whole.
WAVE PRODUCTION 2
For still another illustration figure 64-13, whereby waves may be formed, and this time more in and from the atom itself, not necessarily by compound formation, let us have just three rings (R1, R2, and R3) turning as indicated. If then R3 for one reason or another is altered from its relative position within the atom, to move as shown by R3a, it may leave an angular format upon the 3M, for a degree noted K.
Or if R2, were altered to position R2a, it would also leave an angular format upon the 3M to a greater degree. A new wavelength relevant to K therefore would be a longer wave than compared to M, the M being a sharper turn creating a sharper angular that comes to a shorter wavelength.
I know it is difficult to realize how utterly fantastic the atoms are with the electron rings to not only only promote structures, but to be effective and utterly precise in wavelengths emitted from, or by them, as well as their signatures to be so constant that we can set our clocks by it.
Never at any time has man built any kind of machine as complex and as effective as the atoms are with nothing more than parts in motion, to effect greater motions.
Aside of wave production, there is that phenomena of "conductivity" with all movements relating to the bonding of atoms and molecules. And for an illustration figure 64-14, to give us something to think about, the atom with its number of rings, meaning multiple directions of movement, is a more complex magnet than any of its greater cousins.
By simply a cycling of its rings, (or a forced movement in preference to cycling,) attraction and repulsion may become manifold all around its spherical circumference.
When therefore increases or decreases of their momentum in velocity is added to that, it effects stronger and stronger bonding, as well as lesser bonding, and expansion or contraction to which a host of examples can be given.
More than anything this is a subject for those who wish to pain themselves over it, for the gratification of greater knowledge.
When thinking of the atom, think of a machine that is truly incomprehensive, for so I began to speak on this page, before I said anything else.
Then, of all things - to consider how very minute these are, and in what utterly endless quantity the Almighty Lord has made them.
Now I must admit that I have indeed been playing a game, and that for man's sake, in much of it utilizing his versions. When therefore at later dates it may seem that I am contradicting myself by showing a newer version, I was merely humoring man in graduating upwards.
And so in ending this subject I will say; There is more to the atom than what meets the eye.