Welcome to  "Science Fundamentals"   **   The coordinate of light   **   (an article composed 1990)  **  By: Leonard Van Zanten

          The Coordinate of Light

CHAPTER 48                      INDEX TO OTHER PAGES

  1. In the beginning, long ago, before the week of creation, when the heavens and the earth and the spirits of all their creatures were created, the Lord spoke saying; "Let there be light!"  And there was light.  Are we then this day to define that light?   

  2. No, for the light of which the Lord spoke in that sentence is not the same as that light upon which we confer the term.  The light for its nature upon which we are set to embark is nothing so marvelous or so pure, or even that which the term suggests.

  3. It is however a marvelous innovation of displacement by coordination, and astonishing to behold in the absolute perfection of its nature in dust.

  4. The quest in the understanding of light has long revolved around the question if it exists as waves, or as particles.  For neither the wave theory, nor the particle theory, were able to satisfy scientists.  Nor would I be able to do so on the basis as current thought has it.  

  5. We are in fact to take a fresh approach - beginning from where the innovation of light has its entrance, namely, at the atom and the coordinates that pass on by them.  

  On wheels of inertia.

  1. The atoms of nature are the "wheels" of nature, and like packages moving over the many small wheels of the transport rail, similarly the essence (coordinate) of the wave of light is transposed upon the wheels of nature.  These minute wheels have of course their own momentum, wherefore they are also called the "engines" of nature.  

  2. By illustration figure 48-1, sound takes its course right over the center of the atoms, the cores vibrating by the stimulation of our vocal cords.  Light on the other hand, would never come to its velocity - lest it had an unobstructed path by which to travel.

  3. Unobstructed then means to be propelled along the perimeters of the wheels of nature, for how shall something set out under its own direction - pass safely along the many countless atoms in its path if it did not pass by its perimeters - along which it also finds its momentum?  

  4. These things when thus defined are self-evident.  The coordinate therefore that we call light for its waves - is both transposed and propelled along the paths illustrated along the outer edges of the atoms.  While their momentum may be conceived to derive from the angular movement of the electrons.

The passing wave

  1. If now the coordinate were to pass in a straight line (AB or CD Figure 48-1), they would not come to the essence of what is understood by a wave.  Since the coordinate for a wave formation must be directed around the perimeter of the atom - passing by an angular direction along with its forward linear direction of momentum.  

  2. This is illustrated by the line passing from 6 O'clock at atom 1, to 5 O'clock at atom 2 - and 4 O’clock at atom 3, so that as we view it from any point it resembles a coiled spring, with each turn thereof as one wavelet.

  3. This indeed is light - as the coordinate that is passed forth along the atoms of all the media for its momentum.  The nature of the wave is thus three dimensional, for only on that basis can it subsist.   

  4. A two dimensional wave cannot in any way come to the velocity the likes of light - a stop and go motion, as also a sine formation are limited requiring external powers to come to their acceleration, deceleration, and change of direction.  The law of Newton, action to reaction, is quite clear on this.

Light's velocity, and velocity

  1. Light is said to have a constant velocity in space, but not so on earth where it is varied by changes in density.  This of course is foolish, for if density changes the velocity of light on earth it will also change in space on the same account.   

  2. There is however a velocity of constant in the speed by which light is found to travel.  But that is one velocity, which to this day has not been known. 

  3. The velocity by which the speed of light has been called "the speed of light" for all times passed is not the true velocity by which light finds its forward momentum.  Accordingly, you are this day hearing a revelation.

  4. But there is more to this revelation to declare that - the speed by which light is transposed is never slowed for any such trivial thing as density, and yet density varies the speed by which light is transmitted.  And again, light travels with the same speed through glass and water as it does through air, and still again, a change in velocity is noted.

  5. And to complicate things even more, no two different wavelengths ever travel with the same velocity in any one media.  And no wavelength the likes of light has ever attained to the speed by which light is transposed.  

  6. And again, no shift to the blue or to the red has ever occurred due to velocity as such, nor is it by any "change" in velocity that light comes to refract or to disperse.

  7. Having learned that the propulsion factor for all waves, including those of light, is attributed to the electrons of the atoms in their combined effort to set forth a momentum that is very near to, if not a velocity of 300.000 km/see, that momentum is unaffected by temperature, density, or force, and is called the Velocity of Constant.   

  8. The "how" and "why" of this constant in terms still more fundamental than what I have already said is a subject in itself.  Consider it most marvelous however that such a precise constant can be affected in and by the multitude of these electrons as they speed around their core effectively turning each atom into a wheel.

Illustrating velocities

  1. By illustration, figure 48-2, the constant of the velocity of light thus passes C to L at 300.000 km/sec.  If now for the moment we consider the line to the right (CL) as a continues movement - but at random, as in no defined direction.  And an impulse (M) is driven into it, imposing an angular momentum upon the otherwise straight line, we may begin to understand the birth of a waveform.  

  2. In reality there are however several actions working simultaneously by a coordinate to generate that which for simplicity I noted as impulse M. Accordingly, there are now two waves a blue and a red one traveling to the right in a three dimensional form.

  3. What then shall the velocity of these waves be - as they are taken away by the "constant?"  The blue wave makes a full turn around the tubular perimeter at every 4000 Angstroms E-H, wherefore its speed will be less than the constant (c) by a distance equal to 3.14 times amplitude (diameter), as the circumference, plus the length of the wave, into the velocity of constant.

  4. This velocity therefore is not a real velocity, but a relative velocity of light, a velocity that is specific for distance in time, or as in RELATIVE to distance in time..  The red wave in comparison to the blue - traveling at a slower angular momentum - consequently comes to a longer length E-K, and in the same amplitude, comes to have a slightly higher relative velocity. 


  1. So it is that no two wavelengths travel at the same "relative" velocity, yet maintain a constant of velocity.  Nor shall light travel any slower or faster in changing from one density to another, yet the relative velocity shall change according to the degree of the expansion or contraction.

  2. This may be further illustrated by figure 48-3, the atoms within the media of the same density are effectively spaced by equal distances.  As therefore the wave coordinate moves itself around the clock (in our example passing from 5 O’clock at atom A, to 4 O’clock in Atom B, and to 3 O’clock in Atom C), it is to make contact upon 2 O’clock in atom D.  

  3. But since atom D is spaced further apart, the wave - as it transfers from the media of the water into a gaseous media of Nitrogen and Oxygen (air), it is expanded in its wavelength.  And as we learned, a longer length also means a change in the angular momentum, which also translates into a change of direction.

  4. The change in direction is noted as the appearance of water on a hot roadbed, or X-X2, to X-X3,  with the change in relative velocity from 224.928 km/sec in the water, to 299.905 km/sec in the air.  (Measures, and figures, not actual)  

  5. A red shift thus interprets into a change of momentum, which is in relative direction as well as in velocity.  This change then, is not by velocity - but in density, velocity (as relative velocity) being a by-product. 

  6. Meanwhile, the velocity of constant (V/c) remained unchanged.  For again, if this velocity were not ever constant, none of the other velocities would come to their lengths, or to any change wherein red and blue shifts may be found.

  7. These things are a beginning into the fundamentals of that marvelous innovation called light, the realm of which is quite extensive, yet all bearing down upon the same single principle and foundation of all nature and of - as man calls it - science.  

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